THE JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
VOL. XXXIII. 1924.
New Plymouth, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY THOMAS AVERY & SONS LTD., DEVON STREET. 1924.
CONTENTS OF VOL. XXXIII.
No. 129—March, 1924.
- Annual Meeting of the Society i
- Annual Report of the Council iii
- Balance Sheet v
- Members of the Society vi
- List of Exchanges xiii
- Excavations near the Mouth of the Shag River, Otago. By David Teviotdale 3
- Results of the Excavations at the Shag River Sandhills. By H. D. Skinner 11
- The Evolution of Maori Clothing. By Te Rangi Hiroa (P. H. Buck), D.S.O., M.D. 25
- A Visit to a Maori Village. By George Pitt-Rivers, F.R.A.I. 48
- Reviews 66
- “The Morioris of Chatham Islands,” by H. D. Skinner;
- “The Maori Mantle,” by H. Ling Roth.
- Obituary 77
- Dr. Felix von Luschan and Polynesian Origins 78
- The Austric Languages and “Austric Culture” 79
- Notes and Queries 80
- Proceedings 85
No. 130—June, 1924.
- The Polynesian Method of Generating Fire. By Elsdon Best 87
- Canoe-Building Tools of the Tasman Bay Maoris. By F. V. Knapp 103
- The Tale of the Tembu Tree. Told by Foalandoa, and put into English by H. Trevor Fairbrother 114
- The Evolution of Maori Clothing. By Te Rangi Hiroa (P. H. Buck), D.S.O., M.D. 121
- “Kahu-Mau-Roa and Te Kotuiti.” By George Graham 130
- Reviews 136
- “La Décoration Primitive Oceanie,” by Daniel Réal; “Neu-Guinea,” by Ernest Fuhrmann; “Polynesian Decorative Designs,” by Ruth H. Greiner; “Hawaiian Historical Legends,” by W. D. Westervelt; “More Hawaiian Folk Tales,” by Thomas G. Thrum.
- Samoa Society 142
- Bernice Paui Bishop Museum, Honolulu and Polynesian Society 143
- Notes and Queries 144
- The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago; Antiquity of Man in Australia and Tasmania.
- Notice to Members: “The Maori,” by Elsdon Best 146
- Proceedings 147
No. 131—September, 1924.
- An Inscribed Wooden Gorget from Rapanui (Easter Island). By W. W. Thorpe 149
- The Polynesian Method of Generating Fire. By Elsdon Best 151
- A Solomon Islands Historical Drama. By Henry Kuper 162
- An Experiment in Tongan History. By E. E. V. Collocott, M.A., B.D. 166
- The Evolution of Maori Clothing. By Te Rangi Hiroa (P. H. Buck), D.S.O., M.D. 185
- A Scheme of Anthropometry for New Guinea and Australia. By J. Ekblom Gullberg 198
- Bernice Paui Bishop Museum and Polynesian Society 207
- Patu Paiarehe. By John White 210
- Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science 212
- Reviews 214
- “The Maori,” by Elsdon Best; “The Native Culture of the Marquesas,” by E. S. Craighill Handy; “The Material Culture of the Marquesas Islands,” by Ralph Linton.
- Notes and Queries 220
- Canoe-making Implements of the Maori; American Anthropological Association; Racial Types in Polynesia; The Polynesians as Navigators; Finger Mutilation and Rock Prints; Stone Mortars at Ugi, San Cristoval; The Kaitaia Drains; Research Fellowship, University of Melbourne.
- Proceedings 226
- Notice to Members: “The Maori,” by Elsdon Best 228
No. 132—December, 1924.
- The Origin and Relationships of Maori Material Culture and Decorative Arts. By H. D. Skinner, University of Otago 229
- Preliminary Results of Researches into the Original Relationship between the Nipponese and the Malay-Polynesian Languages. By D. Van Hinloopen Labberton, Tokyo School of Foreign Languages 244
- Euro-American Acculturation in Tonga. By Edward Winslow Gifford, University of California 281
- The Evolution of Maori Clothing. By Te Rangi Hiroa (P. H. Buck), D.S.O., M.D. 293
- A Note on the Composition of a Maori Compost from Taranaki. By L. Bishop, Cawthron Institute, Nelson 317
- The Degeneration of Human Figures used in Polynesian Decorative Art. By Ralph Linton, Field Museum of Natural History 321
- A Carved House Post from Espiritu Santo. By Dora H. de Beer 325
- The Maori as a Deep Sea Voyager. By Elsdon Best 329
- Obituary 334
- Reviews 335
- “Stations Préhistoriques de Somron-Seng, et de Longprao” (Cambodge) par H. Mansuy; “Contributions à l'Etude de la préhistorire de l'Indochine,” par H. Mansuy; “Medicine, Magic and Religion,” by W. H. R. Rivers; “A Bibliography of Printed Maori to 1900,” by Herbert W. Williams, M.A.
- Notes and Queries 339
- Historical Value of Tradition; Maori Decorative Designs on Clubs from Fiji; Stone Pendant from North Taranaki; Forthcoming Books; Chair of Cultural Anthropology in the University of Sydney; Anthropology in the University of New Zealand; Hawaiian Birth and Infancy Customs; The word “Atua”; Proceedings of Section H. (Anthropology) of the British Association at Toronto, 1924; Late Prof. von Luschan; Personals.
- Proceedings 343
- Notice to Members: “The Maori,” by Elsdon Best 344
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY. For the Year Ending 31st December, 1923.
THE Annual Meeting of the Polynesian Society took place in the Hempton room, Public Library, on Tuesday, January 29th, 1924, at 7.30 p.m. About a dozen members of the Society, including several ladies, were present. In the absence of Mr. Elsdon Best (President), from whom an apology was received, Mr. W. H. Skinner occupied the chair.
The minutes of the last annual meeting were read and confirmed.
The Chairman moved the adoption of the report and balance sheet, and after some explanatory remarks, the motion was agreed to.
Mr. Elsdon Best (Wellington) was unanimously re-elected President. The retiring members of the Council, Messrs. Murdoch Fraser, Chas. Watterston and Captain Wm. Waller, were re-appointed.
The question of the transfer of the headquarters of the Society to Wellington was introduced by way of notice of motion by the Chairman, who moved: “That provided satisfactory arrangements can be made for the continuance of the Society and the editing of the Journal at Wellington, the headquarters be transferred to that city as soon as convenient after such arrangements have been completed.” The Chairman said he could add little to what had already been said, and printed in the Journal, in regard to this proposal. In view of the establishment of the “Maori Ethnological Research Fund, with the board of management in Wellington, and in consideration that the aims of the new body were practically identical with those of the Polynesian Society, and consequenty it would be to the advantage of both parties to be near each other for consultative purposes, it was desirable for the advancement of ethnological work in Polynesia that our headquarters should be transferred to Wellington as soon as satisfactory arrangements could be made. Continuing, Mr. Skinner said that on the formation of the new Research Board, the proposal to move to Wellington had come from members of that Board, who were keenly interested in the Polynesian Society and its future. In the past the work of the Society had been carried on by the late Mr. Percy Smith and one or two loyal co-workers. Personally, he felt that new life would be infused into the Society by linking up with the Research Board and joining forces in Wellington, where the bodies could be brought into closer contact and co-operation. By the undertaking given by the new Board to grant substantial monetary assistance in furthering the aims of the Society, they would have the means, should the necessity arise, of providing help with regard to the editing of the Polynesian Journal, but we trust such a contingency would not occur. In the meantime, our President, Mr. Elsdon Best, will take over the editing of the Journal. These changes, however, would - ii not take place until the Council was satisfied that all necessary arrangements had been completed by the Society's members in Wellington, for the continuance of the work, and members could rest assured that the handing over of its functions by the incoming Council to the new body to be appointed in Wellington, would not take place until arrangements, which were satisfactory in their opinion, had been made. It has been stated by the Hon. Mr. Ngata, M.P., on behalf of those chiefly interested in this transfer of head-quarters, that the library would remain in New Plymouth, and exchanges and additions would continue to come here, but whether this was a workable proposition or not remains to be seen.
The motion was seconded by Mr. Rockel, who said that he considered the position was amply safeguarded by making the change subject to the approval of the Council of the Society with regard to the arrangements made for the continuance of the Society at Wellington. Miss Percy Smith asked if there could be a reversion to New Plymouth if the matter did not work out satisfactorily. The Chairman explained that the headquarters could only be transferred back to New Plymouth on the recommendation of the Council in Wellington. He thought, however, there would be no transfer to Wellington until the Council was satisfied that no such contingency was likely to arise.
Mr. Fraser said the position appeared to be one in which there would be dual control if the headquarters were in Wellington and the library in New Plymouth. He thought the extreme step should not be taken until there had been a conference between members of the Council and those in Wellington who would be taking over control. It was a melancholy experience for the Council and he considered every precaution should be taken before parting with the library.
It was pointed out that no arrangements for the transfer of the headquarters would be regarded as satisfactory which did not safeguard the library. Mr. Skinner said plainly that, while the work of those who were carrying on the affairs of the Society here was highly appreciated, there were none of the younger generation offering to assist with the future control of its work. There was new blood in Wellington—men keenly interested in the aims of the Society, who would assist to carry on if the headquarters was there, but whose active interests could not be enlisted while they were so far removed from the controlling centre of the Society.
Mr. Morrison suggested that so long as the library was kept intact and the Journal continued, it mattered very little where the headquarters of the Society was located.
The motion was carried unanimously.
The meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the Council for their work during the past year.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL. For the Year Ending 31st December, 1923.
THE Council of the Society have pleasure in presenting the thirty-first annual report, and in doing so beg to offer their congratulations to members in having completed another period of satisfactory work. It will be remembered that doubts were expressed at the last annual meeting as to the possibilities of continuing the operations of the Society owing to the lamented death of its founder and guiding spirit, the late Mr. S. Percy Smith, but thanks to the combination and loyalty of our members, especially those who have provided the material for the Polynesian Journal, the Council have been enabled to carry on without interruption over what may be considered the most critical period in the life of the Society. In respect to this, owing to recent ethnographic developments within the Dominion, we may now, I believe, claim with confidence that the future of the Society is assured.
The outstanding local features in the past year's ethnographic work, and in which the Society is vitally interested, has been the founding and successful launching of the Board of Maori Ethnological Research, whose constitution and aims were fully set out in No. 3 of Vol 32 (September, 1923) of the Polynesian Journal, so it is unnecessary to enlarge here upon the aims of this body more than to say that its main one is to work along similar lines to our own Society and to assist financially in the extension of ethnographic research in Western Polynesia, which has been hampered in the past by the lack of funds. As an earnest of their desire to assist, the new Board has voted this Society a grant of £300 for the coming year towards the cost of enlarging and printing the Polynesian Journal. Appreciation of this generous help has already been made by your Council to the Research Board.
Consequent upon the establishment of the Board of Maori Ethnographic Research, whose centre of work has of necessity to be in Wellington, the question has been raised as to the advisability of transferring the headquarters of this Society to Wellington for the mutual benefit of both institutions in carrying out their varied function. All the information available as to this proposal of transfer, reasons for, etc., was placed before members in the September issue of the Journal—No. 3 of Vol. 32—together with copy of the notice of motion dealing with the proposed change of headquarters, the consideration of which will be the main business to come before the present meeting.
We regret to have to record the death of certain of our members during 1923, amongst whom is one of the original band, or founders of the Society—Mr. Richard Barton Roy. Others who have passed away during the year are Messrs. Wm. F. Brooking and Robert Murdock. Another, who although not a member for some time prior to his death, was a few years ago a contributor to the Polynesian Journal and took a keen interest in the working of the Society. We refer to the late Captain Gilbert Mair, N.Z.C., who recently - iv passed away at an advanced age. Captain Mair was a ripe Maori scholar, beloved of that people, and had served his country long and faithfully, both on the battlefield and in civil life.
On December 31st our membership was as follows:—
|Ordinary or Subscribing Members
This shows an increase of eight ordinary members over the previous year, and we have good reasons for anticipating a further increase for 1924.
Members will have noticed—as foreshadowed in last Annual Report—an increase in the size of the Journal, both as regards reading matter and illustrations. This has been made possible by the assistance received from a monetary grant made by the Department of Native Affairs, and in anticipation of help, as stated above from the Board of Ethnographic Research. We are pleased to know that this forward step has met with the approval of members, and trust that funds will permit of its continuation. At present our finances are somewhat strained, but this will be corrected early in the coming year, when arrears of subscriptions are paid up and the grant from the new Board becomes available.
In conclusion the Council wishes to thank most cordially those contributors who have supplied much valuable material, the great proportion of which was original matter, for publication in the Journal during the past year, and to those who have assisted in other directions the work of the Society.
MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY. As from 1st January, 1924
The sign *before a name indicates an original member or founder. As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would be obliged if members will supply any ommission, or notify change of address.
- The Right Hon. Baron Islington, K.C.M.G., D.S.O., ex-Governor of New Zealand, Government Office, Downing Street, London.
- The Right Hon. The Earl of Liverpool, M.V.O., G.C.M.G., late Governor-General of New Zealand, Downing Street, London.
- Admiral of the Fleet His Excellency, Lord Jellicoe, G.C.B., O.M., G.C.V.O., Governor-General of New Zealand.
- Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England.
- Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, Bart., K.C.M.G., P.C., LL.D., Wellington.
- *H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., 88, Victoria Avenue, Remuera, Auckland.
- Prof. Sir W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., C.M.G., F.R.S., The University, Melbourne.
- *Edward Tregear, I.S.O., Picton.
- Dr. A. C. Haddon, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., 3, Cranmer Road, Cambridge, England.
- Sir J. G. Frazer, D.C.L., LL.D., Litt D., Brick Court, Middle Temple, London, E.C.
- *Elsdon Best, F.N.Z. Inst., Dominion Museum, Wellington.
- Chas. M. Woodford, C.M.G., The Grinstead, Partridge Green, Sussex, England.
- S. H. Ray, M.A., F.R.A.I., 218, Balfour Road, Ilford, Essex, England.
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Putaruru, Auckland.
- *Major J. T. Large, Masonic Institute, H. M. Arcade, Auckland.
- Hare Hongi, 119, Lambton Quay, Wellington.
- Major H. P. Tunui-a-rangi, Carterton.
- F. W. Christian, Totara Street, Rona Bay, Wellington.
- The Rev. C. E. Fox, San Cristoval; via Ugi, Solomon Islands.
- M. G. Julien, Governeur des Colonies, 116, Rue Lecourbe, Paris XV.
- Thos. G. Thrum, Fort Street, Honolulu, H. I.
- S Savage, Rarotonga Island.
- Herries Beattie, Stationer, Waimate South.
- T. W. Downes, P.O. Box 119, Whanganui.
- Capt. Geo. Pitt Rivers, Government House, Melbourne.
- James Hornell, F.L.S., F.R.A.I., c/o W. J. C. Rain, 34, Loughboro Road, Brixton, London, S.W.
- 1916 Avery, Thomas, New Plymouth.
- 1918 Adalbert College, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.
- 1918 Australian Museum, Sydney.
- 1922 Adams, J. C., Taiparoro, Tauranga. Angus and Robertson Ltd., Sydney.
- 1894 Bamford, E., Arney Road, Auckland
- 1896 British and Foreign Bible Society, 146, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
- 1898 Buchanan, Sir W. C., Tupurupuru, Masterton.
- 1902 Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
- 1903 Brown, Prof. J. MacMillan, M.A., LL.D., Holmbank, Cashmere Hills, Christchurch.
- 1907 Buick, T. Lindsay, F. R. Hist. S., Press Association, Wellington.
- 1909 Bullard, G. H., Chief Surveyor, Christchurch.
- 1910 Burnet, J. H., Virginian Homestead, St. John's Hill, Whanganui.
- 1911 Bird, W. W., Inspector Native Schools, Napier.
- 1913 Buddle, R., H.M.S. “Hawkins,” Wei-Hai-Wei, China.
- 1916 Bottrill, C. G., High School, New Plymouth.
- 1920 Black, G. J., Gisborne.
- 1920 Bates, D. C., Brooklyn, Wellington.
- 1920 Balneavis, H. R. N., Secretary, Hon. Native Minister, Wellington.
- 1921 Buck, Dr. P. H., D.S.O., District Health Office, Auckland
- 1921 Bassett, Geo., Whanganui.
- 1922 Bellringer, C. E., New Plymouth.
- 1923 Bett, Dr. F. A., Nile Street, Nelson.
- 1923 Barron, Miss Vida M., 44, Queen Street, Dunedin.
- 1923 Beamish, Geo. E., Whana Station, via Hastings, H.B.
- 1923 Bruce, Mrs., “Rollesby,” Burke's Pass, South Canterbury.
- 1924 Baillie, Herbert, Wellington City Library, Wellington.
- 1892 *Chapman, The Hon. F. R., Wellington.
- 1892 Chambers, W. K., Apple Farm, East Tamaki, Auckland.
- 1893 Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, New York.
- 1894 Chapman, M., Wellington.
- 1896 Cooper, The Hon. Theo., Supreme Court, Auckland.
- 1903 Chatterton, Rev. F. W., The Vicarage, Rotorua.
- 1903 Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., c/o Bank of New Zealand, 1, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
- 1908 Coughlan, W. N., Omaio, Opotiki.
- 1908 Carnegie Public Library, Dunedin.
- 1908 Carnegie Public Library, New Plymouth.
- 1910 Cock, R., New Plymouth.
- 1918 Chambers, Bernard, Te Mata, Havelock North.
- 1918 Corney, Geo., Devon Street, New Plymouth.
- 1918 Crooke, Alfred, Marton.
- 1919 Curtis, G. N., Stratford.
- 1920 Cowan, Jas., F.R.G.S., c/o Dept. Internal Affairs, Wellington.
- 1921 Campbell, Capt. J. D., c/o Resident Commissioner, Rarotonga.
- 1921 Connett, J. B., New Plymouth.
- 1921 Collocott, M.A., Rev. E. E. V., The Parsonage, Albury, N.S.W.
- 1923 Castle, M.A., Rev. J. G. T., Heretaunga School, Havelock North.
- 1903 Dixon, Roland B., Ph.D., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
- 1917 Dominion Museum, Wellington.
- 1918 Davidson, J. C., “Ratanui,” Carrington Road, New Plymouth.
- 1920 Davis, F. T., c/o Roy and Nicholson, New Plymouth.
- 1923 Donnelly, A. T., Solicitor, Christchurch.
- 1923 Davis, G., Pokapa, Kawakawa, Bay of Islands.
- 1924 de Beer, Miss Dora, London Street, Dunedin.
- 1892 *Emerson, J. S., 1501, Emerson Street, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- 1920 Emslie, Mrs. Ann, Hillside, Waverley.
- 1921 Elvey, W. E., Noseworthy Road, Blenheim.
- 1923 Easton, M. G., c/o Public Works Dept., Wairoa, Hawke's Bay.
- 1923 Edwards, Vivian D., “The Tower,” Matamata.
- 1896 Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo.
- 1902 Fraser, M., New Plymouth.
- 1903 Fowlds, Hon. G., Auckland.
- 1906 Field Museum of Natural History, The, Chicago, U.S.A.
- 1913 Fildes, H., Chief Post Office, Wellington.
- 1921 Firth, R. W., Wymondsley Road, Otahuhu, Auckland.
- 1923 Fraser, Wm., c/o Harbour Board, Whangarei.
- 1902 Gill, W. H., Marunouchi, Tokio, Japan.
- 1902 Graham, Geo., 25, Grafton Road, Auckland.
- 1910 Goding, Fred W., U.S. Consul-General, Guayaquil, Ecuador.
- 1919 Good, H. M., Stratford.
- 1919 Grace, P. Alfred., Tokaanu, Taupo.
- 1920 Goller, John, Inglewood.
- 1920 Gensik, F., 64, Albany Street, Dunedin.
- 1923 Grace, L. W. H., c/o Public Trustee, Wellington.
- 1924 Gould, E. B., Te Awamutu.
- 1908 Hallen, Dr. A. H., The Hospital, Mercury Bay, Auckland.
- 1909 Holdsworth, John, Swarthmoor, Havelock North, Hawke's Bay.
- 1910 Hocken, Mrs. T. M., Hocken Library, Dunedin.
- 1910 Home, Dr. George, New Plymouth.
- 1918 Hodgson, N. V., c/o Norman Potts, Opotiki.
- 1918 Hart, Henry H., 314, Locust Street, San Francisco.
- 1919 Hughes, Robert Clinton, New Plymouth.
- 1921 Hamilton, Harold, Dominion Museum, Wellington.
- 1921 Huggins, H. A., “Taurima,” 55, Hamilton Road, Kilbirnie, Wellington.
- 1921 Hudson, J. H., “The Hallukic,” Whitianga, Mercury Bay, via Auckland.
- 1921 Harris, F., Albion Hotel, Gisborne.
- 1921 Hine, Edgar, Powderham Street West, New Plymouth.
- 1921 Henderson, M.A., G. M., Education Dept., Wellington.
- 1923 Handy, Dr., Bishop Museum, Honolulu.
- 1923 Hakopa, K. H., Moawhanga, via Taihape.
- 1923 Heenan, J., Law Draughtsman's Office, Wellington.
- 1923 Hansen, Frederick A., 16, Upper Vincent Street, Auckland.
- 1923 Heihi, Timi, Kahukura, via Tokomaru Bay.
- 1907 Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland.
- 1907 Institute, The Otago, c/o The Museum, King Street, Dunedin.
- 1921 Ilott, J. M. A., 246b, Terrace, Wellington.
- 1923 Institute, The Nelson, Nelson.
- 1918 Johnson, E. G., Hamilton.
- 1923 Jones, Walter W., Tauranga.
- 1923 Jones, Robert Noble, Chief Judge Native Land Court, Wellington
- 1924 Jones, M. R., P.O. Box 24, Hawera.
- 1910 King, Newton, “Brooklands,” New Plymouth..
- 1920 Kirtley, John, c/o T. H. Martyn and Co., 117, Pitt Street, Sydney.
- 1921 Kenderdine, J., Sale Street, Auckland.
- 1921 Kohere, Rev., R. T., Horoera, Araroa, via Gisborne.
- 1923 Knapp, F. V., Alfred Street, Nelson.
- 1894 Lambert, H. A., Belmont, Tayford, Whanganui.
- 1911 Lysnar, W. D., Gisborne.
- 1913 List, T. C., New Plymouth.
- 1916 Leatham, H. B., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Lond., New Plymouth.
- 1917 List, C. S., Rata Street, Inglewood.
- 1918 Laughton, Rev. J. G., Ruatahuna, via Rotorua.
- 1920 Leith, F. E., Rangiputa, via Kaimaumau, Auckland.
- 1921 Lee, G. A., Pendarves Street, New Plymouth.
- 1923 Labberton, D. van Hinloopen, Profesor of Netherlands' Languages, Gai Koku, Go Gakko, Tokyo, Japan.
- 1892 *Marshall, W. S., Maungaraupi, Rata.
- 1892 *Major, C. E., 22, Empire Buildings, Swanson Street, Auckland.
- 1897 Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton.
- 1897 Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton.
- 1907 Minister of Internal Affairs, The Hon., Wellington.
- 1912 Marsden, J. W., Isel, Stoke, Nelson.
- 1916 Mitchell Library, The, Sydney.
- 1918 McDonell, A. F., 355, Queen Street, Auckland.
- 1918 Morris, G. N., Resident Commissioner, Niué Island, South Pacific.
- 1918 Missionary Research Library, 25, Maddison Avenue, New York.
- 1919 McKay, Wm., F.R.C.S., Eng., 45, Guiness Street, Greymouth.
- 1919 McKay, James, P.O. Box 55, Greymouth.
- 1920 McEachen, Miss, M.A., 102, Nile Street East, Nelson.
- 1920 McVeagh, Jas., 85, Queen Street, Auckland.
- 1921 Monro, Rev. Piri, Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
- 1922 McDonald, Jas., c/o Dominion Museum, Wellington.
- 1922 McGruther, J., Waerengahika College, Gisborne.
- 1922 McIntyre, Hugh, M.A., LL.B., Feilding.
- 1922 Morrison, D. K., 319, Devon Street West, New Plymouth.
- 1922 Morrison, David, Ridge Lane, New Plymouth.
- 1923 Morpeth, W. T., Land Office, Hokitika.
- 1923 Mitchell, Hy. Taiporutu, Surveyor, Rotorua.
- 1923 Mahuika, Hamana, Kahukura, via Tokomaru Bay.
- 1923 Matanuku, Henare, Kahukura, via Tokomaru Bay.
- 1895 Ngata, A. T., M.A., M.P., Parliamentary Buildings, Wellington.
- 1900 Newman, Mrs. W. L., New Plymouth.
- 1902 New York Public Library, Astor Buildings, 42nd Street, New York.
- 1920 O'Dea, P., M.A., LL.B., Hawera.
- 1923 Ormsby, J., Otorohanga.
- 1894 Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wyngates, Burke's Road, Beaconsfield, England.
- 1907 Public Library, Auckland.
- 1907 Public Library, Wellington.
- 1907 Public Library, Bent Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
- 1907 Philosophical Institute, The, Christchurch.
- 1913 Public Library of Victoria, The Librarian, Melbourne.
- 1913 Potts, Norman, Opotiki.
- 1914 Parliamentary Library, The (Commonwealth), Melbourne.
- 1917 Platts, F. W., C.M.G., Te Kuiti.
- 1919 Public Library, Invercargill.
- 1920 Pomare, Hon. M., Minister in Charge, Cook Islands, Wellington.
- 1921 Painter, Robert, Inglewood.
- 1921 Phipps, W. J., 132, Pinnar Road, Oxley, Watford, England.
- 1922 Penn, W. J., Herald Office, New Plymouth.
- 1923 Paterson, J. Fraser, G.P.O., Auckland.
- 1923 Pratt, Rev. M. A. Rugby, 280, Church Street, Palmerston North.
- 1903 Roy, J. B., New Plymouth.
- 1918 Rylands, John, Library, Deansgate, Manchester University, England.
- 1918 Rockel, R. H., M.A., Gover Street, New Plymouth.
- 1920 Roy, Ian W. B., Vivian Street, New Plymouth.
- 1920 Rowe, W., Devon Street East, New Plymouth.
- 1920 Rowden, F. J., Railway Department, Ohakune.
- 1892 *Skinner, W. H., York Terrace, New Plymouth.
- 1892 *Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington.
- 1892 *Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington.
- 1892 Smith, Miss E. Percy, New Plymouth.
- 1896 Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- 1904 Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier.
- 1907 Secretary, The Postal Department, Wellington.
- 1907 Skinner, H. D., B.A., D.C.M., Otago University Museum, Dunedin.
- 1916 Shalfoon, G., Opotiki.
- 1920 Shaw, Stanley W., New Plymouth.
- 1921 Simcox, Dr. J. E. L., Plimmerton, Wellington.
- 1921 Stronge, Mrs., Shortland Street, Avenue Road, New Plymouth.
- 1921 Stimson, J. Frank, Papeete, Tahiti.
- 1922 Standish, A. R., Liardet Street, New Plymouth.
- 1922 Sinclair, Thomas, B. J., Belt Road, Dartmoor, New Plymouth.
- 1923 Stevens and Brown, B. F., 4, Trafalgar Square, London.
- 1924 Smith, J., Tongatabu College, Nukualofa, Tonga.
- 1924 Stanko (N.D.), Dr. Markian, Caja 58 Ensenda Baja Cfa, Mexico.
- 1913 Tribe, F. C., Eliot Street, New Plymouth.
- 1915 Thomson, Dr. Allan, M.A., D.Sc., F.G.S., A.O.S.M., F.N.Z. Inst., Museum, Wellington.
- 1919 Turnbull Library, The, Bowen Street, Wellington.
- 1919 Thompson, Dr. W. M., M.A., M.B., B.C.L., Hawera.
- 1921 Therkleson, Miss, Vogeltown, New Plymouth.
- 1921 Tamahori, Rev. P., Tuparoa, via Gisborne.
- 1922 Taranaki, G., Mataora Bay, Waihi.
- 1923 Tamepo, Renata, Kahukura, via Tokomaru Bay.
- 1923 Teviotdale, David, Palmerston South.
- 1923 Thompson, Sam, Stratford.
- 1921 Uteurikawa, Dr. Nenoz, University of Tokio, Tokio, Japan.
- 1923 Uru, Henare W., M.P., Parliamentary Buildings, Wellington.
- 1919 Vaile, Hubert E., Queen Street, Auckland.
- 1921 Van Doesburg, S. C., Breestraat 14, Leiden, Holland.
- 1921 Vogan, Arthur James, F.R.G.S., “Finbar,” Milson's Point, Sydney
- 1924 Vaile, E. E., “Broadlands,” Reporoa, Roturoa.
- 1892 *Williams, Archdeacon H. W., Gisborne.
- 1894 Wilson, A., Madeno Jackson's Bldgs., Victoria Street, Hamilton.
- 1896 Williams, F. W., Te Rawhiti, Hukarere Road, Napier.
- 1896 Wilcox, Hon. G. A., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands.
- 1898 Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
- 1903 Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth.
- 1910 Wilson, Sir J. G., Bulls.
- 1912 Westervelt, Rev. W. D., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- 1914 Waller, Captain W., Moturoa, New Plymouth.
- 1915 Williams, H. B., Turihaua, Gisborne.
- 1916 Welsh, R. D., Hawera.
- 1916 White, Percy J. H., New Plymouth.
- 1917 Wilkinson, C. A., Eltham.
- 1918 Wallace, D. B., Masonic Club, Queen Street, Auckland.
- 1918 Western, T. H., Puketapu, Bell Block, New Plymouth.
- 1920 Williamson, R. W., M.Sc., The Copse, Brook, Godalming, Surrey, England.
- 1920 Ward, R. H., P.O. Box 10, Tauranga.
- 1920 Wilson, William F., P.O. Box 3235, Honolulu.
- 1920 Williams, W. J., Town Hall, Dunedin.
- 1920 Williams, W. S., M.P., Matahiia, Tokomaru Bay, Gisborne.
- 1921 Waite, Major F., Waiwera South, Otago.
- 1921 Waterston, Chas., Union Bank, New Plymouth.
- 1921 Wilson, D. M., Lands and Survey, Auckland.
- 1923 Whitcombe, F. N., Pendarves Street, New Plymouth.
- 1892 *Young, J. L., “Tarawynia,” Homebush, Sydney, N.S.W.
PRESIDENTS—Past and Present:
- 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
- 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
- 1896-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
- 1899-1900—J. H. Pope.
- 1901-1903—E. Tregear, I.S.O., etc.
- 1904-1922—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
- 1922-1924—Elsdon Best, F.N.Z.I.
- The Editor—Otago Daily Times.
- —Auckland Herald
- —Lyttelton Times
- —Wellington Post.
- —Poverty Bay Herald, Gisborne.
LIST OF EXCHANGES.
THE following is the List of Societies, etc., etc., to which the Journal is sent, and from most of which we receive exchanges:—
- Anthropologische, Gesellschraft, Wien 1, Burgring 7, (Vienna, Austria.)
- Anthropologie, Société d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
- Anthropologie Societa, Museo Nazionale di Anthropologia, Via Gino Capponi, Florence, Italy.
- Anthropologie Ecole d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
- Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 5, Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
- American Oriental Society, 245, Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
- American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
- Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1, Park Street, Calcutta.
- Anthropological Department, University of the Philippines, Manilla.
- American Museum of Natural History, 77th Street and Central Park, W., New York, U.S.A.
- Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java.
- Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institute, Washington.
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
- Ethnographic Museum, Hamburg, Germany.
- Fijian Society, The, Suva, Fiji Islands.
- General Assembly Library, Wellington.
- Géographie, Société de, de Paris, Boulevard St. Germain, 184, Paris
- Geographical Society, The American, Broadway, at 156th Street, New York.
- High Commissioner of New Zealand, 415, Strand, London.
- Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- Institute, The New Zealand, The Assistant Secretary's Office, Victoria College, Wellington.
- Kongl, Vitterhets Historie, och Antiqvitets, Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Koninklijk Instituut, 14, Van Galenstratt, The Hague, Holland.
- Library, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
- Museu Paulista, Coina, g., San Pedro, Brazil.
- Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji.
- National Museum of Natural History, Washington, U.S., America.
- Peabody Museum of Archæology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
- Philippines, Bureau of Science Library, Manilla.
- Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland.
- Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge. Waronga, N.S.W.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70, Queen Street, Melbourne.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide.
- Royal Society, Burlington House, London.
- Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, The, 50, Great Russell Street, London, W.C.
- Royal Society of New South Wales, 5, Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
- Royal Colonial Institute, The, Northumberland Avenue, London.
- Smithsonian Institute, Washington.
- Société Neuchateloise de Geographie, Switzerland.
- Société d' Etudes Oceanienne, Tahiti Island.
- Tokyo Imperial University, Tokyo, Japan.
- University of California, Library Exchange Department, Berkley, California.
- University Museum, 33d and Spence Streets Philadelphia, Pensylvania, U.S.A.
- United States National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
- University of Chicago Library, Chicago, U.S.A.