Volume 3 1894 > Volume 3, No.1, March 1894 > Front matter
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JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
Vol. iii.
Illustration
WELLINGTON: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY LYON AND BLAIR, LAMBTON QUAY. PUBLISHED BY E. A. PETHERICK, 33 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON. 1894.

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POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.

Patron:

Her Majesty Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii.

President:

His Honor H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.

(Chief Judge of the Native Land Court.)

Council:

  • The Rev. W. J. Habens, B.A.
  • J. H. Baker
  • J. C. Martin
  • Elsdon Best
  • E. Tregear, F.R.G.S., F. R. Hist. S.
  • S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.

Joint Hon. Secretaries, and Treasurers, and Editors of Journal:

Ed. Tregear and S. Percy Smith.

THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “The Journal of The Polynesian Society;” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations.

The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.

Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.

Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, and shall receive a copy of the rules; and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year.

Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.

The office of the Society is at present Box 188, Post Office, Wellington, New Zealand.

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MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.

(A *before a name signifies an original member or founder.)

HONORARY MEMBERS.
Her Majesty the Queen of Hawaii, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
Hon. Sir George Grey, K.C.B., Parnell, Auckland, N.Z.
F. D. Fenton, Auckland, N.Z.
Prof. Horatio Hale, M.A., F.R.S.C., Clinton, Ontario, Canada.
Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D. Wadhurst Rectory, Sussex, England.
Prof. A. H. Sayce M.A. Queen's College, Oxford, England.
Hon. J. G. Ward, Postmaster-General, Wellington, N.Z.
Prof. F. Max Müller, M.A., F.R.S. Oxford, England.
CORRESPONDING MEMBERS.
Professor Otis T. Mason, Smithsonian Institute, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
Major Keepa Te Rangi-hiwi-nui, Putiki, Wanganui, N.Z.
Major Ropata Wahawaha, M.L.C. Waiomatatini, Waiapu, N.Z.
Rev. Hauraki Paora, Reiweti, Kaipara, Auckland.
Hoani Nahe, Omahu, Thames.
Te Aia, Rarotonga Island.
S. H. Peal, Rajmai, Sibsegar, Asam, India.
W. Te Kahui Kararehe, Rahotu, Taranaki, N.Z.
T. R. Rawiri Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
Rev. Mohi Turei, Waiapu, N.Z.
Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
Te Whetu, Onairo, Taranaki, N.Z.
Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, N.Z.
Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.

As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members would supply any omissions, or notify change of residence.

  • *Atkinson, A. S., F.L.S., Nelson, N.Z.
  • *Adams, C. W., Survey Office, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • *Alexander, Hon. W. D., F.R.G.S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Arthur, A. C., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Barton, Elliott, Le S., Hawera, N.Z.
  • *Broderick, J. N., Timaru, N.Z.
  • *Birch, W. J., Erewhon, Napier, N.Z.
  • *Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Barron, A., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Baker, J. H., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Best, Elsdon, Thorndon Quay, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Byrne, J. W., Hawera, N.Z.
  • *Bishop, Hon. C. R., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Brittain, Rev. A., Norfolk Island.
  • Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Bathgate, A., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Bate, A. T., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Booth, R., Waimanu, Otaki, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Best, Walter, Hadfield, Otaki.
  • Batley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
  • Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Baillie, J., Cuba St., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Chapman, F. R., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • *Cowie, Right Rev. W. G., D.D., Bishops' Court, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Campbell, R. E. M., Wanganui, N.Z.
  • *Campbell, Hon. A. M., Nukualofa, Tonga Islands.
  • *Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., St. Kilda, Kogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • *Chalmers, Rev. James, New Guinea.
  • *Castle, W. N., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Cleghorn, Hon. A. S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Caldwell, R., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Crompton, A., c/o Elder, Smith & Co., Port, Adelaide, S.A.
  • *Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Claxton, Rev. A. E., Apia, Samoa.
  • Cole, W. M., Railway Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Carter, Henry C. 212, West 15th St., New York.
  • Clark, W. M., Woolcombe St., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Davies, G. H., Native Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Denniston, The Hon. J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • *Dole, Hon. Sandford B. Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • - vi
  • Dudley, Ven. Arch. B. T., St. Sepulchre, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Duncan, J., Picton, N.Z.
  • Ellis, J. W., Otorohanga, Auckiand, N.Z.
  • *Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Emerson, Rev. O. P., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • Emerson, Dr. N. B., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • Edwards, Hy., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Fraser, J., LL.D., Randwick, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • *Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Frackleton, Rev. W. S., M.S., B.D., Randwick, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Ford, W., 32, Jamieson Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Fairhall, S., Hawera, N.Z.
  • Foxlee, W. T., M.I.C.E., Chief Engineer N.S. Wales Railways, Sydney.
  • *Gold-Smith, E. C.. Survey Office, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • *Grace, L. M., Taupo, N.Z.
  • *Gudgeon, Judge W. E., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Gill, Rev. Wyatt, LL.D., Perisca, Marrackville, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • *Govett, Ven. H., B.A., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • *Gray, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides.
  • Gunn, Rev. W., Futuna, New Hebrides.
  • Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Mines Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Garnier, J. H., Rarotonga Island.
  • Good, W., Oeo, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • Gray, W. J., Okato, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • *Habens, Rev. W. J., B.A., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Hursthouse, C. W., Te Kuiti, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • *Hamilton, A., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • *Harris, E. F., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • *Hill, Hon. W., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Hyde, Rev. C. M., D.D., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Henry, Miss Teuira, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • Hone Mohi Tawhai, Waima, Hokianga, N.Z.
  • *Hamilton, R. W., Municipal Offices, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Ii, Mrs. Irene, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Johnston, Dr. D. G., Carterton, N.Z.
  • *Johnson, H. Dunbar, N.L. Court, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Judd, Hon. A. F., Chief Justice, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • Jackson, F. Arthur, Jackson Dale, Fiji Islands.
  • Johnston, Ch., Bengal Civ. Ser., 6, Kemplay Road, Hampstead, London.
  • *Kenny, Hon. C W. A. T., M.L.C., Picton, N.Z.
  • *Kensington, C.. W., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Kirk, T. W., F.L.S., F.R.M.S., Agricultural Dept., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Lyons, A. B., M.D., F.C.S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Rarotonga Island.
  • *Large, J. T., Wairoa, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
  • *Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Leefe, H., Res. Comr., Rotuma, Fiji Islands.
  • Lewis, T. H., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula, New Hebrides.
  • *Murray, Rev. C., M.A., Carterton, N.Z.
  • *Marques, A., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Marshall, W. S., Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Moss, F. J., British Resident, Rarotonga Island.
  • Martin, J. C., Res. Mag., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • *Major, C. E., Hawera, N.Z.
  • *Macdonald, Rev. D., Efate, New Hebrides.
  • Macdonald, A., Shannon, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Mc William, Rev. J., Otaki, N.Z.
  • McArthur, J. P., 18 and 19, Silk Street, Cripplegate. London, E.C.
  • Morrison, C. B., Wellington, N.Z.
  • March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., 2, West St., Rochdale, England.
  • Mackay, A. W., Nukualofa, Tonga Island.
  • Moriceau, E, Canala, New Caledonia.
  • Mackay, A., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Nelson, C. E., Rotorua, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Nicholas, H., Rarotonga Island.
  • Nevill, Right Rev. S. T., D.D., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Apia, Samoa.
  • Nicholls, W., Paeroa, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *O'Donahoo, A. O'N., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Oahu College, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
  • Overden, Dr., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • *Proctor, T., Carterton, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Parker, Hon. S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Poutawera, T. G., Native Land Court, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Parfitt, P. J., Bank of N.Z., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Porter, Lieut.-Col. T. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Paige, Rev. W. E., Masterton, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Pinfold, Rev. J. T., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Purchas, Rev. A. G., M.R.C.S.E., Grey Street, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Parker. Thos., Georgetown N., Queensland.
  • Pratt, T., M.H.R., Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
  • Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wellington Road, Eltham, England.
  • *Rutland, Joshua, Canvass Town, Marl-borough, N.Z.
  • *Reid, W. S., Fitzherbert Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Roy, R. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Ross. John, R.M., Levuka, Fiji Islands.
  • Richardson, Ch., Eltham, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • Rendle, J. J., 293, Little Collins Street, Melbourne, V.
  • Russell, N., M.D., Waianae, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Smith, Hon. J. Mott, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • *Smith, W. W., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • *Stack, Rev. J. W., Fendalton, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • *Shand, A., Chatham Islands.
  • *Smith, H. G. Seth, M.A., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Smith, F. S., Cheviot, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • *Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • *Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Skinner, T. K., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • *Smithsonian Institute, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Sinclair, J., Wellington, N.Z.
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  • Sanchez, Domingo, Sanchez y., Manila, Philippines Island.
  • Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Scannell, D., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Smith, T. H., late Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Stainton, G., Mangaone, Eketahuna, N.Z.
  • Skinner, J., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Stevenson, R. L., Apia, Samoa.
  • Smaill, Rev. T., B.A., Nikaura, Epi, New Hebrides.
  • Turnbull, A, H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Tregear, E., F.R.G.S., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Tone, N. J., Pahiatua, Wellington, N.Z.
  • *Turnbull, J., Tahiti Island.
  • *Tuta-Tamati, Native Land Court, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • Te Heuheu-Tukino, Taupo, N.Z.
  • Thompson, Alex., Bond Street, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Thurston, Sir J. B., K.C.M.G., F.L.S., F.R.G.S., Suva, Fiji Islands.
  • Trimble, W. H., Survey Department, Gisbome, N.Z.
  • *Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
  • *Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Wheeler, W. J., Port Awanui, N.Z.
  • *Weetman, S., F.R.G.S., Blenheim, N.Z.
  • *Williams, Ven. W. L., B.A., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Williams, Rev. H. W. Gisborne, N.Z.
  • *Wilson, D. C., Whangarei, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • *Wideman, Hon. H. A., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands.
  • Williams, J. N., Trimley, Hastings, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
  • White, Taylor, Wimbleton, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
  • Wildman, W., Shortland Street, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Wilson, A., Whangarei, N.Z.
  • *Young, J. L., Tahiti Island.
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ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.

IN accordance with Rule No. 13, the Annual Meeting of the Society was called for the 30th January, 1894, by circulars sent out three months previously, but it was adjourned to the 5th February, when a number of members met in the Lecture Room of the New Zealand Institute, the Rev. W. Habens in the chair.

After the reading of the Annual Report and Accounts—copies of which are appended—the meeting proceeded to the Election of Office-Bearers for the current year.

Mr. H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Chief Judge of the Native Land Court, was re-elected President, and the Rev. W. J. Habens, B.A., who had retired by ballot under Rule 5, was re-elected a member of the Council. Mr. J. C. Martin, Besident Magistrate, Wellington, was also elected a member of the Council in place of Mr. G. H. Davies, who had retired by ballot under the above Rule. Mr. S. Percy Smith was re-elected one of the Secretaries and Treasurers, he having also retired by ballot under the Rule quoted. Mr. A. Barron was re-elected Auditor, and a vote of thanks passed to him for his past services.

The following Corresponding Members were then elected:—Te Kahui Kararehe, Tiwai Paraone, Te Whetu, Rev. Mohi Turei, T. R. Te Mamaru, H. Takaanui Tarakawa, and Te Kumeroa.

It was then moved and carried, “That at the next meeting of the Society Rule No. 16 be amended by reducing the quorum at the Annual Meeting from fifteen to seven.”

A resolution was also carried to the effect “That the Government be asked to reserve from sale all historical places such as noted battle-fields, celebrated old pas, etc., on Crown Lands, and to permanently reserve them.”

The thanks of the Society were rendered to the Governors of the New Zealand Institute and Sir James Hector for the use of the Lecture Room.

REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY, Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society on the 5th February, 1894, in accordance with Rule No. 73.

In presenting to the Society, its Second Annual Report, the Council congratulates the members on the progress made in the objects for which the Society was established. Our membership has increased in numbers, and additional countries have contributed to place the Society on a broader basis. Commencing in January, 1892, with a roll of 102 ladies and gentlemen, our lists now contain 183 names, whilst eight more candidates were elected at a meeting of the Council held since the year closed. The following table shows the different localities in - ix which members reside, and for the sake of comparison the same information is added for previous periods, the first being that at which the Society was founded.

Country. 1892. 1893. 1894.
New Zealand 63 105 118
Sandwich Islands 22 23 24
Norfolk Island 1 1 1
New Hebrides 2 3 4
Tonga Islands 1 1 2
Adelaide, South Australia 1 1 1
Sydney, New South Wales 4 4 6
Rarotonga Island 3 4 4
Chatham Island 1 1 1
Tahiti 2 2 2
America 1 1 2
New Guinea 1 1 1
Fiji 3 3
Samoa 1 3
Manila 1 1
England 3 5
Melbourne, Victoria 2
Rotuma Island 1
New Caledonia 1
Queensland 1
  102 155 183

It will thus be seen that the Society has representatives in 20 different countries and islands, many of whom outside New Zealand have contributed to our Transactions during the past year. The Society commenced with three Honorary and two Corresponding Members, and now includes on its rolls, nine Honorary and eight Corresponding Members, besides six new Corresponding Members whose names will be proposed to the Society for election to-night.

Whilst congratulating the Society on the increase of its membership, the Council has to report the loss by death of one of our Honorary Members—Dr. Ed. Shortland, M.A., who died at Portsmouth, July 23, 1893, at the advanced age of 81. Dr. Shortland did not live to receive the notice of his appointment as an Honorary Member of the Society—had he done so we may be sure that we should have had his sympathy in our work which he has proved to be one in which he felt a deep interest and in which he has distinguished himself by his writings. His books will ever remain standards of reference on the subject of the Maori race. We have also to regret the loss of one of our early ordinary members, the Hon. C. N. Spencer, of Honolulu.

During the past year the Council held seven meetings for the purpose of discussing the papers received, the election of new members, directing answers to correspondents, and generally to conduct the business of the Society. Brief statements of the proceedings at each meeting of the Council have been published in the Journal from time to time. We have been deprived of the advantage of the presence of the President at our meetings, his absence being due to illness which involved a visit to England for medical advice. During the year, 38 original papers have been received from members most of which have been published in the quarterly Journal, whilst others will find a place in ensuing numbers. It is always to be feared in a young Society like ours that the material necessary for keeping a quarterly journal going, might fail. Hitherto the Council has not felt this want, for the supply has been equal to the demand, and so far as can be anticipated there will be no lack of either authors or papers in the future. From the number of papers which we know to be in preparation—some of them of high value in connection with the special subjects which it is the object of this Society to deal with, and which embody the results of many years of study—it would appear that the Journal might with profit be enlarged.

The “Journal of the Polynesian Society” has been issued during the past year in four quarterly parts, and appeared in the months of March, June, September, and December. Together they form Volume No. II. of the Transactions and Proceedings and contain 282 pages, in addition to which authors have been supplied with extra copies of their own papers in accordance with our Rules. Each issue of the Journal consisted of about 300 copies; these have been distributed to members, to Societies with which we exchange publications, and to Public Libraries, etc., etc. - x The number of Societies, etc., to which the Journal is sent is about sixty. There remain in stock for new members a few copies of all back numbers but No. 2 of Vol. II., which latter is out of print.

A large number of publications have been received from other Societies and from individuals to whom the thanks of the Society are due. The Library is in charge of the Secretaries, and is open for reference to any member of the Society. We are indebted to the President for a valuable gift of the Scriptures and parts of Scriptures, printed in twenty-eight different languages of Polynesia, Melanesia, Malaysia, Micronesia, and Madagascar, which will prove invaluable to students engaged in linguistic studies.

The Society will be glad to learn that the finances are in a satisfactory condition, notwithstanding that we suffer in common with many other Societies from a disinclination on the part of some of the members to pay their dues. From the appended statement of accounts it will be seen that we have a balance in hand of £64 12s. 7d., against which there are liabilities of about £40, leaving a credit of about £24 12s. 7d. to commence the new year with. During the year another gentleman has become a life member, making two in all, and his commutation fee has been paid to capital account as required by Rule No. 24, so that the sum to the credit of that fund now amounts to £25 15s., plus some small amount for interest to date.

As in the previous year, so in that just past, the Council has with great pleasure received the aid of several members of the Native Races, who have contributed original papers to the Journal. By the publication of these in the Native languages a considerable interest has been awakened among the Maoris of New Zealand, numbers of whom have expressed their approval of the objects of the Society, and aided us by obtaining information which, without their help, it would have been difficult to secure. The Council is of opinion that the aid of the Native Races in the work we have taken in hand is of great importance, and should be encouraged to the full extent of our power. By their aid it is hoped that one of the prime objects of the Society will be secured—viz., the material for a comprehensive history of the races of the Pacific. However rough and unpolished these contributions (and their translations) may appear, they contain valuable information which the future historian will be able to work up into a form more compatible with our ideas of literary elegance. Had such a Society as ours been initiated fifty years ago, the results must have been of far greater value, but such as our collections are they still have a very great importance, and it should be our endeavour to add to them and, while we may, rescue from oblivion the large mass of information still to be obtained.

In conclusion, the Council feels that the success of the Society so far, the steady increase of members, and general interest taken in our proceedings have fully warranted the establishment of the Society.

S. Percy Smith, Hon. Secretaries.
Ed. Tregear, Hon. Secretaries.
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POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
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ERRATA.

In paper on “Genealogy of the Mamaru Family”:—

Page 9, line 11, read “Rakaihaitu,” not “Raikaihaitu.”

Page 13, line 10 from bottom, read “Waitaha,” not “Waitahanui.”

Page 14, last and preceding line, read “Paikea,” not “Pakea.”