Volume 11 1902 > Volume 11, No. 1 > Front matter and Contents p i-xiv
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JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
Vol. XI. 1902.
Illustration
WELLINGTON, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY WHITCOMBE AND TOMBS LIMITED, LAMBTON QUAY. AGENT FOR AMERICA: REV. S. D. PEET, EDITOR OF “THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARY,” CHICAGO. 1902.

- ii Page is blank

- iii
CONTENTS OF VOL. XI.
    No. 41.— March, 1902.
  • Constitution of the Society, List of Officers and Members v–ix
  • List of Exchanges x
  • Annual Meeting xii
  • Annual Report of the Council xii
  • Balance Sheet xiv
  • The Polynesian Numerals, “One, Five, Ten.” By John Fraser, LL.D., Sydney. Part II. 1
  • Notes on the Art of War, as conducted by the Maori of New Zealand. By Elsdon Best, of Tuhoe-land. Part I. 11
  • The “Maori Antiquities Act, 1901” 42
  • Notes and Queries.—148, 149 44
  • Proceedings of the Society 5
    No. 42.— June, 1902.
  • Notes on the Art of War, as conducted by the Maori of New Zealand. By Elsdon Best, of Tuhoe-land. Part II. 47
  • Manaia. By Edward Tregear 76
  • Niue Island and its People. By S. Percy Smith. Part I. 80
  • The Polynesian Numerals, “One, Five, Ten.” By John Fraser, LL.D., Sydney. Part III. 107
  • He Tangi—No Ati-Awa 121
  • Notes and Queries.—150, 151, 152 123
  • Proceedings of the Society 125
    No. 43.— September, 1902.
  • Notes on the Art of War, as conducted by the Maori of New Zealand. By Elsdon Best, of Tuhoe-land. Part III. 127
  • Niue Island and its People. By S. Percy Smith. Part II. 163
  • The Whence of the Maori. By Lieut. Col. Gudgeon, C.M.G. Part I. 179
  • Obituary 190
  • Notes and Queries.—153—157 191
  • Proceedings of the Society 193
    No. 44.— December, 1902.
  • Niue Island and its People. By S. Percy Smith. Part III. 195
  • Notes on the Art of War, as conducted by the Maori of New Zealand. By Elsdon Best, of Tuhoe-land. Part IV. 219
  • The Whence of the Maori. By Lieut.-Col. Gudgeon, C.M.G. Part II. 247
  • Ancient Stone Work of the Hawaiians. A Review. By A. Hamilton 257
  • The Vigesimal System of Enumeration. By J. T. Large 260
  • Notes and Queries 262
  • Obituary 264
  • Proceedings of the Society 265

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- v
POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
OFFICERS FOR 1902.

President:

E. Tregear, F.R. Hst. S.

Council:

  • S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
  • M. Fraser.
  • W. L. Newman.
  • W. H. Skinner.
  • W. Kerr.
  • F. P. Corkill.

Joint Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers, and Editors of Journal:

S. Percy Smith and W. H. Skinner.

THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “ The Journal of the Polynesian Society,” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relies, and other illustrations of the history of the Polynesian race.

The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.

Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.

Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, and shall receive a copy of the rules; and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year, or on election.

Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.

The office of the Society is at present at NEW PLYMOUTH, New Zealand.

The price of back numbers of the Journal, to members, is 2s. 6d.

Vols, i, ii, iii, and iv are out of print.

Members and exchanges are requested to note the change in the Society's Office from Wellington to New Plymouth, to which all communications, books, exchanges &c., should be sent, addressed to the Hon. Secretaries.

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MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
1st January, 1902.

The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.

As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any omissions, or notify change of residence.

    HONORARY MEMBERS.
  • Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
  • Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Wadhurst Rectory, Sussex, England
  • Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
  • Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G., M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Sir James Hector, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Professor H. H. Giglioli, Florence, Italy
  • H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Auckland, N.Z.
    CORRESPONDING MEMBERS.
  • Prof. Otis T. Mason, A.M., Ph.D., Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • W. Te Kahui Kararehe, Rahotu, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
  • Rev. Mohi Turei, Waiapu, N.Z.
  • Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
  • Karipa Te Whetu, Whangarae, Croixelles, Nelson, N.Z.
  • Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Aporo Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
  • F. W. Christian, Tenterfield House, Putney Hill, London, S.W.
  • Hare Hongi, Hawera, N.Z.
  • Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara N.Z.
  • Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
  • Pa-ariki, Ngatangiia, Rarotonga.
  • Rev. J. E. Moultan, Nukualofa, Tonga Island.
  • Churchill, W., 165, Rodney Street, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
    ORDINARY MEMBERS.
  • * Atkinson, A. S., F.L.S., Nelson, N.Z.
  • * Adams, C. W., Survey Office, Blenheim, N.Z.
  • * Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Alexander, Hon. W. D., F.R.G.S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Aldred, W. A., Timaru, N.Z.
  • Aitken, J. G. W., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Atkinson, W. E., Whanganui, N.Z.
  • * Broderick, T. N., Timaru, N.Z.
  • * Birch, W. J., Marton, N.Z.
  • * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Barron, A., Land for Settlement Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Best, Elsdon, Rua-tahuna, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • * Bishop, Hon. C. R., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Bate, A. T., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
  • Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Benn, H. R., Puddleston Court, Leominster, England.
  • Bettany, J. H., Brightwater, Nelson, N.Z.
  • - vii
  • Buchanan, W. C., Carterton, N.Z.
  • Beetham, W., Masterton, N.Z.
  • Billings, Dr. J. S., Director New York Public Library, New York
  • Burnett, Frank, Vancouver
  • Brodwick, W. T., Omaramutu, Opotiki, N.Z.
  • Blackwood, L., Inspector of Machinery, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Brown, Rev. C. Crisp, Te Ngae, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Bennett, Rev. F. A., Bell Block, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • British and Foreign Bible Society, 114, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
  • Browne, A. H., Rarotonga
  • Bleazard, Rev. Colin, West Maitland, N.S.W.
  • Bell, Peter, Whanganui, N.Z.
  • * Chapman, F. R., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Cowie, Right Rev. W. G., D.D., Primate of N.Z., Bishopscourt, Auckland N.Z.
  • * Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., Denbeigh Ho., Koogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • * Crompton, A., Port Adelaide, Adelaide, S.A.
  • * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
  • Claxton, Rev. A. E., Chung King, Hankow, China
  • Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Carter, H. C., 233 Fifth Avenue, New York
  • Comins, Archdeacon R. Blundell, Norfolk Island
  • Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Cooper, Rev. E. V., Leone, Tutuila, Samoa
  • Caddick, Miss H., c/o A. Caddick, Esq., Glenfield, Sutton Coalfield, England
  • Cooper, His Honour Theo., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Castle, G. P., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Compton, Rev. A. W. H., Opunake, N.Z.
  • Cooke, J. P., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Coates, J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Corkill, J. P., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Christian, Eugene, 177, Duane Street, New York.
  • * Denniston, The Hon. J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Davies, Henry, Napier, N.Z.
  • D'Albertis, Captain, E. A., Mortegalleto, Genoa, Italy
  • Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London
  • Drummond, James, “Lyttelton Times” Office, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • * Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Emerson, Dr. N. B., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Ewen, C. A., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Fraser, J., LL.D., West Maitland, N.S.W.
  • * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Friedlander, R., Carlstrasse 11, Berlin, N.W.
  • Friedlaender, Dr. B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
  • Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
  • Forbes, E. J., 8, Spring Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Fraser, M., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Fisher, T. W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Frear, Judge, W. F., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Frith, John F., Survey Office, New Plymouth.
  • * Gold-Smith, E. C., Survey Office, Napier, N.Z.
  • * Grace, L. M., N.L.P. Dept., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., C.M.G., British Resident, Rarotonga
  • Gunn, Rev. W., D.D., Futuna, New Hebrides
  • Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Gully, H. V., Nelson, N.Z.
  • Gurr, C. W., Apia, Samoa Islands.
  • Gill, W. H., Kobe, Japan.
  • Haddon, A. C., D.S.C., F.R.S., Innisfail, Hills Road, Cambridge, England
  • - viii
  • * Hursthouse, C. W., Roads Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Hamilton, A., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Henry, Miss Teuira, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Harris, Christopher, Wyndham St., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Hislop, J., Hawera, N.Z.
  • Harper, W. R., Holden St., Ashfield, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., (of Rarotonga), 3, Audley Villa, Saffron Walden, Kent, England.
  • Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London
  • Hutton, Capt. F. W., F.R.S., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Hughes, R. C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Hoby, A., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Iorns, William, Masterton, N.Z.,
  • * Johnston, Dr. D. G., Carterton, N.Z.
  • * Johnston, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Jackson, F. Arthur, M.B.A.Asso., F.I.Inst., Jackson Dale, Fiji Islands
  • Jollie, Mrs., Edinboro Road, Riccarton, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • * Kenny, Hon. C. W. A. T., M.L.C., Picton, N.Z.
  • * Kensington, W. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Kühl, W. H., W-Jäger Strasse, 73, Berlin
  • King, John, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Kerr, W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Kelly, Hon. T., M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Aitutaki Island, Rarotonga
  • * Large, J. T., Aitutaki Island, Rarotonga
  • * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula, New Hebrides
  • Lambert, H. A., Tane, Pahiatua, N.Z.
  • Leslie, G., Government Insurance Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Lethbridge, F. Y., M.H.R., Feilding, N.Z.
  • * Marshall, W S., Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Moss, F. J., c/o E. B. Moss, Paeroa, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Major, C. E., Hawera, N.Z.
  • * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D., Efate, New Hebrides
  • * Mackay, A., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Mitchell, F. J., Home Rule, Mudgee, N.S.W.
  • McArthur, J. P., McArthur & Co., Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Mackay, Captain A. W., Goulburn, N.S.W.
  • March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
  • Mair, Captain G. W., F.L.S., Thames, N.Z.
  • Maginnis, Craig, 29, Caerwys, Putney Common, Putney, London, S.W.
  • McCullock, W. F., Fairmount Park, Hawthorne, Victoria
  • Marshall, J. W., Marton, N.Z.
  • Marshall, H. H., Marton, N.Z.
  • McNab, R., M.H.R., Gore, N.Z.
  • Maunsell, R., Masterton, N.Z.
  • Maclaurin, Professor, Victoria College, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Mahupuku, Hamiora, Papawai, Wairarapa, N.Z.
  • Martin, Josiah, F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Mackintosh, Rev. A., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • McKenzie, Rev. J., St. Andrew's Manse, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Martin, —, Tax Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • McIntesh, D. T., Res. Eng., Whanganui
  • * Nelson, C. E., Rotorua, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Samoa.
  • Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
  • - ix
  • Ngata, A. T., M.A., LL.B., Te Aute College, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • Newman, E., Cheltenham, England
  • Newman, W. L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Oahu College, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • * Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, N.Z.
  • * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Pratt, T., M.H.R., Waikouaiti, Otago, N.Z.
  • Pritt, Archdeacon, F. G., Gairlock, Brisbane, Queensland
  • Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., British Museum, London, England
  • Pomare, Dr. H. P. N., Health Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Parker, J. H., New Plymouth.
  • * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
  • * Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Redwood, J. H., Blenheim, N.Z.
  • Reweti, Ru, Whanganui, N.Z.
  • * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
  • * Smith, F. S., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Scannell, D., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Smith, T. H., Grafton Road, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Stainton, W., Wairima, Pahiatua, N.Z.
  • Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Spencer, W. E., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Tone, N. J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Turnbull, A. H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Trimble, W. H., Survey Department, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Tinline, J., Nelson, N.Z.
  • Turner, G. D., 97, George Street, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
  • * Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Wheeler, W. J., Whanganui, N.Z.
  • * Weetman, S., F.R.G.S., c/o Bank of N.Z., 1 Queen Victoria Street, London
  • * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., B.A., Bishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
  • * Wilson, D. C., Whangarei, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Williams, Rev. H. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • Wilson, A., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
  • Watt, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides
  • Watt, F. F., Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Williams, F. W., Napier, N.Z.
  • Wallis, F., Right Rev., Bishop of Wellington, N.Z.
  • Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
  • Wilkinson, Percy, R., c/o. Climie & Fairhall, Hawera, N.Z.
  • Woodworth, W. McM., Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • * Young, J. L., Lingwood, Strathfield, Sydney, N.S.W.
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LIST OF EXCHANGES.

THE following is the list of Societies, &c., &c., to which the Journal is sent, and from most of which we receive exchanges. There is a tacit understanding that several Institutions are to receive our productions free, so long as the New Zealand Government allows our correspondence, &c., to go free by post.

  • Agent-General of New Zealand, 13 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S. W.
  • Anthropologische Geseltschraft, Vienna, Austria.
  • Anthropologie, Société d', Paris.
  • Anthropologia, Museo Zoologica, Florence, Italy.
  • Anthropological Society of Australia, c/o Board of International Exchanges, Sydney.
  • Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, 3 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Anthropologie, École d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
  • Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, University, Sydney.
  • Aute (Te) Students Association, The College, Te Aute, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java.
  • Buddhist Text Society, 86/2 Jaun Bazaar Street, Calcutta.
  • Blenheim Literary Institute, Blenheim, N.Z.
  • Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
  • Canadian Institute, 46 Richmond Street East, Toronto.
  • Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge, England.
  • Faculté des Sciences de Marseilles, Marseilles, France.
  • General Assembly Library, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Géographie, Société de, de Paris, Boulvard St. Germain 184, Paris.
  • Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
  • Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Philosophical, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Philosophical, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Otago, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Japan Society, 20 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Kongl, Vitterhets Historie och Antiqvitete Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Literary and Historical Society, Quebec, Canada.
  • Luzac & Co., publishers of Oriental Text, 46 Great Russell St., London, W.C.
  • Museum, Christchurch.
  • Museum, The Australasian, Sydney.
  • Minister of Education, Wellington.
  • Minister, Right Hon. the Premier, Wellington.
  • Minister, Hon. The Colonial Secretary, Wellington.
  • Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji.
  • New York Public Library, c/o Stevens & Brown, 4 Trafalgar Square, London, W.C.
  • Public Library, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Public Library, Auckland.
  • Public Library, Wellington.
  • Public Library, Melbourne.
  • Public Library, Sydney.
  • Peet, Rev. S. D., Ph.D., Editor of “The American Antiquarian,” Chicago.
  • Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
  • - xi
  • Reading Room, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Royal Geographical Society, 1 Saville Row, London.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70 Queen Street, Melbourne.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide.
  • Royal Society, Burlington House, London.
  • Royal Society of New South Wales, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
  • Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 87 Park Street, Calcutta.
  • Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London.
  • Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Société Neuchateloise de Géographie, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
  • Secretary, General Post Office, Wellington.
  • Secretary (Under) Colonial Secretary's Department, Wellington.
  • Secretary (Under) Justice (Native), Wellington.
  • Wisconsin Academy of Science and Arts, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
- xii
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY

Held at New Plymouth, New Zealand, March 6th, 1902.

THE Meeting was presided over by Mr. W. Kerr, in the absence of the President. The annual report and balance-sheet were read and passed (they will be found printed in this number of the Journal).

The following officers were elected for the year 1902:—President: Edward Tregear; Council: M. Fraser, F. P. Corkill, and W. H. Skinner (the latter also elected one of the Secretaries); H. W. Saxton re-elected Hon. Auditor.

H. G. Seth-Smith, Esq., M.A., was elected an honorary member of the Society, he having been its first President, and a liberal donor to the Society's funds and to the library.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL

For the Year ending December 31st, 1901.

Presented to the annual meeting of the Society March 6th, 1902, in terms of Rule 13.

THE Council has much pleasure in presenting this, their tenth report, to the annual meeting. In so doing the Council congratulates members on the Society having completed its first decade, and arrived at an age that denotes its continued existence so far as can be foreseen. Many were the prognostications of failure on our first starting, but we have outlived those, and have had a successful career so far.

It will be remembered that the last annual meeting decided, on the recommendation of the Council, to remove the headquarters of the Society to New Plymouth. This was effected early in the year, and a new Council of local members was elected, only one of the former Council retaining a place at the board. The reason of this change was that, it was found to be very inconvenient having the Council in one place and the secretarial and editorial business of the Society conducted in another. So far, the change has been found to work very well.

Through the courtesy of the Mayor and Councillors of the Borough of New Plymouth, our library has been placed in the Municipal Chambers, where it is available to members on applying to the Secretaries. Book cases have been provided, and the classification of the works commenced. It is hoped that from time to time the funds will admit of some of the exchanges being bound—at present, many valuable pamphlets and other works are not readily accessible for want of binding.

So far as known at present, our losses by death during the last twelve months are two—the Rev. James Chalmers, F.R.G.S., who was killed in New Guinea, and Mr. H. Nicholas, one of our corresponding members, who died at Rarotonga, in April last.

- xiii

On the 1st January, 1902, our members stand as follows:—

Ordinary Members 189
Life Members 6
Honorary Members 6
Corresponding Members 15
  216

The above figures show an increase of 12 members over the numbers for the previous years, the increase being in the ordinary members.

The tenth volume of our transactions will be somewhat smaller than usual, the absence of our Translator having prevented the preparation of many of the original papers awaiting publication. We have in hand for the next volume a valuable series of papers on “War Customs of the Maoris” by Elsdon Best, and are promised by Lieut.-Col. Gudgeon, C.M.G., a contribution of the History of the Maoris dating from long before their appearance in New Zealand. The results of the observations made by one of our Secretaries during a residence in Niuē Island, accompanied by original papers written by natives of that island, will also appear during the course of the ensuing year.

In financial matters, we hold our own, though the Council regret to report so many members in arrear with their subscriptions. On the 31st of December there were 9 members owing for two years, and 37 owing for one year. Had these subscriptions been paid when due, it would have enabled the Council to have had many volumes in the library bound, and also to have refunded to capital account the amount borrowed to defray cost of copying the Micronesian vocabularies.

The total amount received, including balance from last year of £44 12s. 0½d., was £191 7s. 6½d., the disbursements equalled £146 13s. 4d., leaving a balance of £44 14s. 2d., which will just about defray the amounts payable. The capital account now stands at £63.

S. PERCY SMITH, Hon. Secretaries.
W. H. SKINNER, Hon. Secretaries.
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POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
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