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THE JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
VOL. XVII. 1908.
New Plymouth, N.Z.: Printed for the Society by Thomas Avery, Devon Street. 1908. Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. Berkeley Square House, London, W.1
First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation
Printed in the United States of America
CONTENTS OF VOL. XVII.
No. 65.—March, 1908.
- List of Members and Exchanges of the Society i-vii.
- Annual Meeting, Report and Accounts of the Council vii-xi.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—Chapter VII. 1
- Transactions and Proceedings 48
- Circular re Memoir Fund 49
No. 66.—June, 1908.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—Chapter VIII. 51
- Samoan Phonetics in the Broader Relation. By W. Churchill 79
- The Story of Takitimu Canoe—Part II. By Tuta Nihoniho 93
- The Story of Takitimu Canoe. Translation by Hare Hongi. 99
- Notes and Queries—192 Hawaiian Annual, 1908 108
- 193 Rongo-ma-Tane 108
- Transactions and Proceedings 109
No. 67.—September, 1908.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—Chapter IX. 111
- Samoan Phonetics in the Broader Relation—Part II. By W. Churchill 149
- The Tohunga Maori. By Rev. T. G. Hammond. 162
- Notes and Queries.—194 Rongo-ma-Tane 166
- 195 The word tupa 167
- Transactions and Proceedings, Notices to Members re back volumes 168
No. 68.—December, 1908.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—Chapter X. 169
- Samoan Phonetics in the Broader Relation—Part III. By W. Churchill 209
- The Cave Dwellings at Te Pehu. By J. Cowan 222
- The Story of Te Pehu Pa. By Waharoa 227
- Notes and Queries—196 The Maori God Ha 229
- Transactions and Proceedings 230
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MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY, as at 1st January, 1908.
The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.
As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any omissions, or notify change of address.
- His Excellency the Governor, Government House, Wellington, N.Z.
- Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, 1588, 21st Street, Washington, U.S.A.
- Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England.
- Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England.
- Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G., LL.D., M.P., Wellington, N.Z.
- Professor H. H. Giglioli, Museo Zoologico, 19, via Romana, Florence, Italy.
- H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Chief Judge N.L. Court of Appeal, Auckland, N.Z.
- Prof. W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., C.M.G., F.R.S., The University, Melbourne.
- Prof. A. H. Keane, LL.B., F.R.G.S., “Aram Gah,” 79, Broadhurst Gardens, South Hampstead, London, N.W.
- Prof. Otis T. Mason, A.M., Ph.D., Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Rev. Mohi Turei, Port Awanui, Waiapu, N.Z.
- Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
- Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
- Aporo Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
- Hare Hongi, G.P.O., Wellington, N.Z.
- Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara, N.Z.
- Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
- Rev. J. Egan Moulton, D.D., Lindfield, Sydney, N.S.W.
- Churchill, W., B.A., Fale'ula, East 12th Street, near King's Highway, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
- Cognet, Rev. Claude, S.M., Otaki, N.Z.
- Tunui-a-rangi, Major H. P., Pirinoa, Martinborough, N.Z.
- Whatahoro, H. T., Makirikiri P.O., Wanganui, N.Z.
- Christian, F. W.
- * Alexander, W. D., F.R.G.S., D.Sc., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Aldred, W. A., Bank of New Zealand, Timaru, N.Z.
- Aitken, J. G. W., M.P., Customs Quay, Wellington, N.Z.
- Ashcroft, R. H., Esq., c/o Taupo Totara, Timber Co., Mokai, via Putaruru, N.Z.
- Atkinson, W. E., Whanganui, N.Z.
- * Birch, W. J., Marton, N.Z.
- * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Barron, A., Land for Settlement Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Best, Elsdon, Ruatoki, Rotorua, N.Z.
- Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
- Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
- Benn, H. R., Rotorua, N. Z.
- Buchanan, W. C., Carterton, N.Z.
- British and Foreign Bible Society, 146 Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
- Buick, T. Lindsay, Dannevirke, N.Z.
- Brown, Prof J. McMillan, Holmbank, Fendelton, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
- Buck, Dr. Peter H., Health Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Chapman, His Honour F. R., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Carrol, A., M.A., M.D., “Eblana,” 98 Bondi Road, Waverley, Sydney, N.S.W.
- * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
- Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, N.Y.
- Comins, Ven. Archdeacon R. Blundell., Norfolk Island
- Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
- Cooper, His Honour Theo., Wellington, N.Z.
- Coates, J., National Bank of N.Z., Wellington, N.Z.
- Corkill, F. P., New Plymouth, N. Z.
- Clark, Patrick, c/o Clark & McAra, Rattray Street, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Chatterton, Rev. F. W., Te Rau. Gisborne, N.Z.
- Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R.H., D.C.L., Bishops Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- Cooke, J. P., c/o Alexander & Baldwin, Honolulu
- Colonial Secretary, Honourable The, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Denniston, His Honour J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
- Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London
- Donne, T. A. Tourist Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Dixon, Ronald B. Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
- Davies, G. H., “Mamari,” Karori, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Emerson, J. S., c/o Thos. Cook & Son, 41, Rue de la Madeline, Brussels
- Ewen, C. A., Commercial Union Insurance Co., Wellington, N.Z.
- Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
- Friedlander, R., Karlstrasse 11 Berlin, N.W.
- Friedlaender, Dr. B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
- Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
- Forbes, E. J., 8, Spring Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
- Fraser, M., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Fisher, T. W., Native Department, Wellington, N.Z
- Frith, John F., Survey Office, Nelson, N.Z.
- Fowlds, Hon. G., M.P., Auckland, N.Z.
- Field Museum of Natural History, The, Chicago, U.S.A.
- * Grace, L. M., c/o Travers, Russell & Campbell, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., C.M.G., Govt. Resident, Rarotonga
- Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., 28, His Majesty's Arcade, Auckland, N.Z.
- Gurr, E. W., Chief Justice, Pagopago, Samoa
- Gill, W. H., c/o C. & A. H. Nicholls, Peninsula Ho, Monument Street, London, E.C.
- Graham, Geo., c/o Wynyard & Purchase, Auckland, N.Z.
- Gray, M. H., A.R.S.M., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., etc., Lessness Park, Abbeywood, Kent, England
- Govett, C. W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Haddon, A. C., D.Sc., F.R.S., Inisfall, Hills Road, Cambridge, England
- * Hursthouse, C. W., Roads Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Hamilton, A., Museum, Wellington, N.Z.
- Henry, Miss Teuira, Tahiti Island
- Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
- Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., Rarotonga Island
- Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London
- Hughes, R. C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Hannan, the Hon. H., The Hall, West Farleigh, Kent, England
- Hiersemann, Karl W., Königstrasse 3, Leipzig, Germany
- Haszard, H. D. M., F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- Hilgendorf, F. W., B.A., Lincoln College, Canterbury, N.Z.
- Hallen, Dr. A. H., Opotiki, N.Z.
- Iorns, William, Masterton, N.Z.
- Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland, N.Z.
- Institute, The Otago, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- Jack, J. B., Public Trustee's Office, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Kerr, W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Kelly, Hon. T., M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Port Moresby, New Guinea
- * Large, Major J. T., Mangaia Island, Rarotonga
- * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Lambert, H. A., c/o John Mason, Victoria Avenue, Whanganui, N.Z.
- Lethbridge, F. Y., M.P., Feilding, N.Z.
- Lardelli, Victor S., Whangara, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Lamprecht, George, Tahiti Island
- * Marshall, W. S., Te Hekenga, Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Major, C. E., M.P., Hawera, N.Z.
- * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D. Efate, New Hebrides
- * Mackay, A., Feilding, N.Z.
- Mitchell, F. J., Home Rule, Mudgee, N.S.W.
- Mackay, Captain A. W., J.P., c/o W. Walker, Esq., Vickery's Chambers 82, Pitt Street, Sydney, N.S.W
- March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
- Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton, N.Z.
- Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton, N.Z.
- McNab. R., M.A., LL.B., M.P., Gore, N.Z.
- Maunsell, R., Eridge, Masterton, N.Z.
- Martin, Josiah, F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
- Malone, W. G., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Museum, The, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Maxwell, E., Opunake, N.Z.
- Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Samoa
- Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
- New York Public Library, Astor Library Buildings, New York
- Newman, W. L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Ngatana, Ratana, Ratana Railway Station, Turakina, N.Z.
- Newman, Dr. A. K., Hobson Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, N.Z.
- * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wymondley, Stevenage, England
- Pohio, Whetu, Petane, Napier, N.Z.
- Pomare, Dr. M. H. P. N., Health Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Parker, J. H., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Public Library, Auckland, N.Z.
- Public Libray, Wellington, N.Z.
- Public Library, Melbourne, Victoria
- Public Library, Sydney, N.S.W.
- Philosophical Institute, The, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Postmaster General, The, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
- * Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
- Roy, J. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Roberts, W. H. S., Newburgh, Oamaru, N.Z.
- Ryan, Captain Thomas, Taupo, N.Z.
- * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Post Office, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
- * Smith, F. S., Chief Surveyor, Blenhiem, N.Z.
- * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier, N.Z.
- * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Spencer, W. E., M.A., B.S., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Samuel, The Hon. Oliver, M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Solf, His Excellency Dr. W. K., Governor of German Samoa, Apia, Samoa
- Schultz, Dr. Erich von, Apia, Samoa
- Scholefield, G. H., New Zealand Times Office, Wellington, N.Z.
- Stewart, Mervyn James, Athenree, via Thames, N.Z.
- Secretary for Education, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
- Turnbull, A. H., F.R.G.S., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- Testa, F. J., Honolulu
- Way, Right Hon. Sir Samuel James, Bart., P.C., Chief Justice, Adelaide, S.A.
- * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
- * Wheeler, W. J., First Avenue, Kingsland, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., D.D., Bishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
- * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- Williams, Archdeacon H. W., M.A., Gisborne, N.Z.
- Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
- White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
- Wilson, A., Hangatiki. Auckland, N.Z.
- Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
- Williams, F. W., Napier, N.Z.
- Wallis, Right Rev. F., D.D., Bishop of Wellington, N.Z.
- Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
- Woodworth, W. McM.. Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
- Webster, W. D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Young, J. L., c/o Henderson & Macfarlane, Auckland, N.Z.
- Yarborough, A. C., Kohukohu, Hokianga, N.Z.
PRESIDENTS (Past and Present).
- 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
- 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
- 1897-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
- 1899-1900—J. H. Pope
- 1901-1903—E. Tregear, F.R.H.S., etc.
- 1904-1908—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
LIST OF EXCHANGES.
THE following is the list of Societies, etc., etc., to which the Journal is sent and from most of which we receive exchanges:—
- High Commissioner of New Zealand, 13 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S.W.
- Anthropologische, Ethnographische, etc., Gesellschraft, Vienna, Austria.
- Anthropologie, Sociétéd', 15, Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris
- Anthropologia Societa, Museo Zoologica, Florence, Italy
- Anthropological Society, Royal, of Australia, c/o Board of International Exchanges, Sydney
- Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, 3 Hanover Spuare, London, W.
- Anthropologie, Ecole d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris
- Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney
- American Oriental Society, 245 Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
- Anthropology, Department of, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, U.S.A
- Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java
- Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
- Ethnological Survey, Manila, Philippine Islands
- General Assembly Library, Wellington, N.Z.
- Géographie Société de, de Paris, Boulvard St. Germain 184, Paris
- Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Institute, The New Zealand, Wellington, N.Z.
- Indian Research Society, The, 32 Creek Row, Calcutta
- Japan Society, 20 Hanover Square, London, W.
- Kongl, Vitterhets Historie och Antiqvitets, Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden
- Koninklijk Instituut, 14, Van Galenstraat, The Hague, Holland
- Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji
- Museum, Australian. The, Sydney
- Public Libray, New Plymouth, N Z.
- Peet, Rev. S. D., Ph.D., Editor of “The American Antiquarian,” 438 Fifty Seventh Street, Chicago
- Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
- Royal Geographical Society, 1 Saville Row, London
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70 Queen Street, Melbourne
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide
- Royal Society, Burlington House, London
- Royal Society of New South Wales, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney
- Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 87 Park Street, Calcutta
- Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London
- Smithsonian Institution, Washington
- Societé Neuchateloise de Geographie, Neuchatel, Switzerland
- University of California, Library Exchange Department, Berkeley, California
- Wisconsin Academy of Science and Arts, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
Held at New Plymouth, N.Z., 21st February, 1908.
The annual meeting was held as above, at the Borough Council Offices. The President (in the chair) and Messrs. M. Crompton Smith, W. L. Newman, W. Kerr, J. B. Roy, R. C. Hughes, J. H. Parker, and M. Fraser, being present.
The minutes of the last annual meeting were read and confirmed; and the annual report and balance sheet for 1907 were then passed, and ordered to be printed in the next number of the Journal.
The usual ballot, under Rule 5, was then taken, and the names of Messrs. Fraser, Newman, and Corkill were drawn for retirement from the Council, but—as will be seen below—were re-elected.
The following officers for the year were then re-elected:—
President—S. Percy Smith.
Council—Messrs. Fraser, Newman, and Corkill.
Auditor—W. D. Webster.
A hearty vote of thanks was passed to the original member for his very liberal offer, referred to in the annual report, and the Council were requested to take such steps as seemed best to endeavour to carry out the conditions under which the offer was made.
ANNUAL REPORT OE THE COUNCIL.
For the year ending 31st December, 1907.
The Council has pleasure in presenting to the annual meeting its fifteenth annual report on the proceedings of the Society for the last twelve months. The past period has not been marked by any very noticeable features. Our work of collecting and publishing original matter connected with the Polynesian Race has gone steadily forward, and our Journal in which such matter appears has been issued with greater regularity than heretofore. It was deemed advisable to change the locality where the Journal is published, after the issue of the first number for last year—not through dissatisfaction with our late publishers, who have always turned out excellent work, but on account of the greater ease of managing the issue when Editor and Publisher are in telephonic communication. Hence arrangements were made with Mr. Thos. Avery of New Plymouth, who now prints and publishes the Journal in a satisfactory manner. This change has been a great relief to the Editor.
At the beginning of last year we received notice from the Government that in pursuance of a general policy, the postal facilities hitherto accorded to us in the free transmission of our correspondence, etc., would cease. Nor, on representation, did the Government see its way to issue to us official stamps. This meant a considerable increase in our expenditure, but this was mitigated somewhat by several of the Government Departments, Public Libraries, etc., agreeing to subscribe to the Society's publication, through which means and strict economy, we have come out at the end of the year on the right side of the balance-sheet. Our appeal to the Government to grant free postage was based on the fact that the work our Society is doing is of a similar public character to that performed by Government Departments, and at Government expense in most other countries. Unfortunately, New Zealand, which is in the fore front of progress in so many things, is distinctly backward in the encouragement given to Ethnology and kindred subjects. Failing this encouragement, we must do our best without it, in the certainty that our efforts are appreciated outside these lands, by those who are competent to judge. The cessation of free postage has obliged us to discontinue the gratuitous distribution of the Journal to several Institutions, Public Libraries, Government Departments, etc.
The amount of original matter forthcoming and on hand still increases, and for lack of funds to publish it, remains in manuscript. The valuable MSS. left by the late Dr. W. Wyatt Gill, Mr. Ferguson's papers, Mr. Elsdon Best's Urewera history (over seven hundred foolscap pages), the valuable collections of Rarotongan traditions, the Marquesan traditions, and numerous other papers on Maori subjects, must remain until funds can be provided for their publication. In this connection a most important and liberal offer has been made to the Society by one of our original members, which, if the conditions can be complied with, will greatly relieve this stress. The offer is to the effect that this gentleman, will give the sum of £100 to aid in publishing the above MSS. if a further sum of £400 is raised by the members of the Society or others, to be devoted to the same purpose. Here is a chance for many of our New Zealand Colonists, who are well able to afford it, to assist in the National work of preserving the old records of a race that is rapidly passing away—at any rate those who are able to supply information so often required when the details of these manuscripts come to be studied. The liberal offer now made is one that, on no account should be allowed to fall through, for a similar one may never be repeated.
The Maori Dictionary, to be published by the Government under the auspices of the Society, has made fair progress under its enthusiastic editor, the Venerable Archdeacon H. W. Williams, M.A. But it is scarcely probable that the coming year will see its conclusion in a form sufficient for the printer. The compilation and arrangement of such a work involves a vast amount of labour and research, which none but an enthusiast like the compiler would ever contemplate.
The Niuē Vocabulary, referred to in former reports, was published by the Government Printer in the early part of the year. It is clearly and carefully printed, and contains one hundred and seventy-nine pages. We may be thankful that this further contribution to the languages of Polynesia has been preserved in print.
The arrangements made last year with the Board of Education to house our library in the fire-proof Technical School building has not yet eventuated, for the simple reason that it was thought advisable to allow the walls to become thoroughly dry before removing the books there. It is anticipated the removal will take place within the next month or so.
Our losses by death, during the twelve months under review, have not been so considerable as last year. Amongst them may be named Sir James Hector, F.R.S., Mr. John Tinline, of Nelson, and Mr. T. H. Smith, late judge of the Native Land Court, and a first-rate Maori scholar.
Through deaths, resignations, and names struck off the roll for non-payment of subscriptions, we lost several members, but our numbers on the 1st of January, 1908, through election of new members, are rather more than those of the previous year. We commence the year 1908 with the following numbers;—
The above figures show an increase of thirteen members.
Owing to the increase in our membership and sale of the Journal, we are enabled to show a credit balance at the end of the year, which otherwise would not have been the case. as we now defray the cost of postage.
There are thirty-four members in arrear with their subscriptions, some of whom will have to be struck off the roll as defaulters; for requests for payment of their dues have no effect on them. Our total income for the year was £189 19s. 10d., the expenditure £177 5s. 5d., leaving a balance of £12 14s. 6d. to go against the liability for printing the December Journal, which properly belongs, however, to the year 1908.
One of our Secretaries, Mr. W. H. Skinner, will be absent from New Zealand during the current year. Mr. Newman and the President will carry on his duties in the meantime.
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