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THE JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
VOL. XVIII. 1909.
Illustration
New Plymouth. N.Z.: Printed for the Society by Thomas Avery, Devon Street. 1909. Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 11 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. Berkeley Square House, London, W.1
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First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation

Printed in the United States of America

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CONTENTS OF VOL. XVIII.
    No. 69.—March, 1909.
  • Members of the Society i.
  • List of Exchanges vi.
  • Annual Meeting of the Society viii.
  • Annual Report viii.
  • Balance Sheet xi.
  • History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
  • Chapter XI. 1
  • Chapter XII. 26
  • Appendix to Chapter XII. 42
  • Notes and Queries—197. The Cave-dwellings at Te Pehu 44
  • 198. An Ancient Name of New Zealand 44
  • Transactions and Proceedings 45
  • Notice to members re printing first four volumes 45
    No. 70.—June, 1909.
  • History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
  • Chapter XIII. 47
  • Chapter XIV. 71
  • On Ariki, and incidentally, Tohunga. Hare Hongi 84
  • Ko te tikanga o tenei kupu, o Ariki. H. T. Whatahoro 90
  • Translation of above. By S. Percy Smith 91
  • A Hokianga Incident. A. C. Yarborough 94
  • Approximate Strength of the Maori hapus of Hokianga, circa 1810. A. C. Yarborough 96
  • Notes and Queries—199. Ruins in Guam 97
  • 200. Fornander's “Polynesian Race”—Index 97
  • 201. Tupa 98
  • 202. An ancient name of New Zealand 98
  • Transactions and Proceedings 99
    No. 71.—September, 1909.
  • History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
  • Chapter XIV.—Continued 101
  • Chapter XV. 127
  • The Samoan Version of the Story of Apakura. Dr. E. Schultz 139
  • On Matakite. Lieut.-Col. W. E. Gudgeon 143
  • Notes and Queries—203. Tu-whare—Te Rau-paraha Expedition, 1820 154
  • 204. Iho-rei 154
  • 205. Le ua Niua Island 154
  • Transactions and Proceedings 156
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    No. 72.—December, 1909.
  • History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
  • Chapter XV.—Continued 157
  • Chapter XVI. 183
  • Te Korero mo Kataore. Takaanui Tarakawa 204
  • Translation of the above. S. Percy Smith 210
  • Notes and Queries—206. Origin of the word Kanaka 216
  • 207. Le ua Niua Islands 216
  • 208. Origin of names of Rarotongan Arikis 217
  • 209. The Fale'ula Library 218
  • Transactions and Proceedings 219
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VOL. XVIII.—1909.
MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY, As at 1st January, 1909.

The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.

As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will suppiy any omissions, or notify change of address.

    PATRON:
  • His Excellency the Governor, Government House, Wellington, N.Z.
    HONORARY MEMBERS:
  • Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, 1588, 21st Street, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England.
  • Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England.
  • Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G., P.C., LL.D., M.P., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Professor H. H. Giglioli, Museo Zoologico, 19, via Romana, Florence, Italy.
  • H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Chief Judge N.L. Court of Appeal, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Prof. W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., C.M.G., F.R.S., The University, Melbourne.
  • Prof. A. H. Keane, LL.B., F.R.G.S., “Aram Gah,” 79, Broadhurst Gardens, South Hampstead, London, N.W.
    CORRESPONDING MEMBERS:
  • Prof. Otis T. Mason, A.M., Ph.D., Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. T. G. Hammond, Opunake, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
  • Rev. Mohi Turei, Port Awanui, Waiapu, N.Z.
  • Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
  • Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Aporo Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
  • Hare Hongi, G.P.O., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara, N.Z.
  • Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
  • Rev. J. Egan Moulton, D.D., Lindfield, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Churchill, W., B.A., Fale'ula, East 12th Street, near King's Highway, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
  • Cognet, Rev. Claude, S.M., Otaki, N.Z.
  • Tunui-a-rangi, Major, H. P., Pirinoa, Martinborough, N.Z.
  • Whatahoro, H. T., Makirikiri P.O., Wanganui, N.Z.
  • Christian, F. W.
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    ORDINARY MEMBERS:
  • * Alexander, W. D., F.R.G.S., D.Sc., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
  • Aldred, W. A., Bank of New Zealand, Timaru, N.Z.
  • Aitken, J. G. W., Customs Quay, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Ashcroft, R. H., c/o Taupo Totara Timber Co., Mokai, via Putaruru, N.Z.
  • Atkinson, W. E., Whanganui, N.Z.
  • Atkinson, A. H., Feilding, N.Z.
  • * Birch, W. J., Thoresby, Marton, N.Z.
  • * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Barron, A., Land for Settlement Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Best, Elsdon, Ruatoki, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
  • Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Benn, H. R., Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Buchanan, W. C., Cartertou, N.Z.
  • British and Foreign Bible Society, 146 Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
  • Buick, T. Lindsay, Dannevirke, N.Z.
  • Brown, Prof. J. McMillan, Holmbank, Fendelton, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
  • Buck, Dr. Peter H., Health Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Birks, L., M.I.C.E., Rotorua, N.Z.
  • * Chapman, His Honour F. R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
  • Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, N.Y.
  • Comins, Ven. Archdeacon R. Blundell, Norfolk Island.
  • Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Cooper, His Honour Theo., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Coates, J., National Bank of N.Z., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Corkill, F. P., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Clark, Patrick, c/o Clark & McAra, Rattray Street, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Chatterton, Rev. F. W., Te Rau, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., New Plymouth.
  • Cooke, J. P., c/o Alexander & Baldwin, Honolulu.
  • Coughlan, W. N., Waima, Hokianga, N.Z.
  • Carnegie Public Library, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Denniston, His Honour J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London.
  • Donne, T. A., Tourist Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Dixon, Ronald B. Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. U.S.A.
  • Davies, G. H., “Mamari,” Karori, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Drummond, Jas., “Lyttelton Times” Office, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • * Emerson, J. S., 24 Avenue Dapples, Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • Ewen, C. A., Commercial Union Insurance Co., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Friedlander, R., Karlstrasse 11, Berlin, N.W.
  • Friedlaender, Dr., B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
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  • Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
  • Forbes, E. J., 8, Spring Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Fraser, M., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Fisher, T. W., Native Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Frith, John F., Survey Office, Nelson, N.Z.
  • Fowlds, Hon. G., M.P., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Field Museum of Natural History, The, Chicago, U.S.A.
  • * Grace, L. M., c/o Travers, Russell & Campbell, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., C.M.G., Govt. Resident, Rarotonga.
  • Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., 28, His Majesty's Arcade, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Gurr, E. W., Chief Justice, Pagopago, Samoa.
  • Gill, W. H., c/o C. & A. H. Nicholls, Peninsula Ho, Monument Street, London, E.C.
  • Graham, Geo., c/o Wynyard & Purchase, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Gray, M. H., A.R.S.M., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., etc., Lessness Park, Abbeywood, Kent, England.
  • Govett, C. W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Haddon, A. C., D.Sc., F.R.S., Inisfall, Hills Road, Cambridge, England.
  • * Hursthouse, C. W., Roads Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Hamilton, A., Museum, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Henry, Miss Teuira, 75 Yule Street, Petersham, Sydney.
  • Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., Rarotonga Island.
  • Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London.
  • Hughes, R. C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Hiersemann, Karl W., Königstrasse 3, Leipzig, Germany.
  • Haszard, H. D. M., F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Hilgendorf, F. W., B.A., Lincoln College, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • Hallen, Dr. A. H., Opotiki, N.Z.
  • Hayman, F. T., Oruanui, Taupo, N.Z.
  • Haddon, Rev. Robert, Okaiawa, N.Z.
  • Iorns, William, Masterton, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Otago, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N. L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Jack, J. B., Public Trustee's Office, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • James, H. L., B.A., Khandallah, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Kerr, W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Kelly, Hon. T., M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Katene, Toi, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • * Large, Major J. T., Mangaia Island, Rarotonga.
  • Lambert, H. A., Arranmore, Makirikiri, Whanganui, N.Z.
  • Lethbridge, F. Y., M.P., Feilding, N.Z.
  • Lardelli, Victor S., Whangara, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Lamprecht, Georg, Tahiti Island.
  • Luzac & Co., 46 Great Russell Street, London, W.C.
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  • * Marshall, W. S., Mangaraupi, Rata.
  • * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, Napier, N.Z.
  • * Major, C. E., M.P., Hawera, N.Z.
  • * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D. Efate, New Hebrides.
  • * Mackay, A., Ranfurley Road, Feilding, N.Z.
  • Mitchell, F. J., Home Rule, Mudgee, N.S.W.
  • Mackay, Captain A. W., J.P., c/o W. Walker, Esq., Vickery's Chambers, 82, Pitt Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England.
  • Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton, N.Z.
  • Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton, N.Z.
  • McNab, R., M.A., LL.B., F.R.G.S., Gore, N.Z.
  • Maunsell, R., Eridge, Masterton, N.Z.
  • Martin, Josiah, F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Malone, W. G., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Museum, The, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Maxwell, E., Opunake, N.Z.
  • Minister of Internal Affairs, The Hon., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Samoa.
  • Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
  • New York Public Library, Astor Library Buildings, New York.
  • Newman, W. L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Ngatana, Ratana, Ratana Railway Station, Turakina, N.Z.
  • Newman, Dr. A. K., Hobson Street, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Ngata, A. T., M.A., The Hon., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, N.Z.
  • * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., British Museum, London, England.
  • Pohio, Whetu, Petane, Napier, N.Z.
  • Pomare, Dr. M. H. P. N., Health Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Parker, J. H., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Public Library, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Public Library, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Public Library, Melbourne, Victoria.
  • Public Library, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Philosophical Institute, The, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Postmaster General, The, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
  • * Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Roy, J. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Roberts, W. H. S., Newburgh, Oamaru, N.Z.
  • Robertson, D. E., Plimmerton, N.Z.
  • * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Post Office, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Shand, A., Chatham Islands.
  • * Smith, F. S., Chief Surveyor, Blenheim, N.Z.
  • * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier, N.Z.
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  • * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D, F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
  • Samuel, The Hon. Oliver, M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Solf, His Excellency Dr. W. K., Governor of German Samoa, Apia, Samoa.
  • Schultz, Dr. Erich von, Apia, Samoa.
  • Scholefield, G. H., New Zealand Associated Press Agency, 130 Fleet Street, London, E C.
  • Stewart, Mervyn James, Athenree, via Thames, N.Z.
  • Secretary for Education, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Skinner, J., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Savage, S., Rarotonga Island.
  • * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Turnbull, A. H., F.R.G.S., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Testa, F. J., Honolulu.
  • Way, Right Hon. Sir Samuel James, Bart., P.C., Chief Justice, Adelaide, S. A.
  • * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
  • * Wheeler, W. J., First Avenue, Kingsland, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., D.D., Bishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
  • * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Williams, Archdeacon H. W., M.A., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
  • White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
  • Wilson, A., Hangatiki, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands.
  • Williams, F. W., Napier, N.Z.
  • Wallis, Right Rev. F., D.D., Bishop of Wellington, N.Z.
  • Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
  • Woodworth, W. McM., Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • Webster, W. D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Wilford, T. M., M.P., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Young, J. L., c/o Henderson & Macfarlane, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Yarborough, A. C., Kohukohu, Hokianga, N.Z.
    PRESIDENTS (Past and Present).
  • 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
  • 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
  • 1897-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
  • 1899-1900—J. H. Pope.
  • 1901-1903—E. Tregear, F.R.H.S. etc.
  • 1904-1909—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
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LIST OF EXCHANGES.

THE following is the list of Societies, etc., etc., to which the Journal is sent and from most of which we receive exchanges:—

  • High Commissioner of New Zealand, 13 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S. W.
  • Anthropologische, Ethnographische, etc., Gesellschraft, Vienna, Austria.
  • Anthropologie, Société d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
  • Anthropologia Societa, Museo Nazionale di Anthropologia, via Gino Capponi, Florence, Italy.
  • Anthropological Society, Royal, of Australia, c/o Board of International Exchanges, Sydney.
  • Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, 3 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Anthropologie, Ecole d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
  • Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
  • American Oriental Society, 245 Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
  • Anthropology, Department of, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
  • Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java.
  • Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
  • Ethnological Survey, Manila, Philippine Islands.
  • General Assembly Library, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Géographie, Société de, de Paris, Boulvard St. Germain 184, Paris.
  • Geographical Society, The American, 15 West, 81st Street, New York.
  • Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
  • Institute, The New Zealand, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Indian Research Society, The, 32 Creek Row, Calcutta.
  • Japan Society, 20 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Kongl, Vitterhets Historie och Antiqvitets, Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Koninklijk Instituut, 14 Van Galenstraat, The Hague, Holland.
  • Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji.
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  • Public Library, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Peet, Rev. S. D., Ph.D., Editor of “The American Antiquarian,” 438 Fifty-Seventh Street, Chicago.
  • Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
  • Royal Geographical Society, 1 Savillle Row, London.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70 Queen Street, Melbourne.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide.
  • Royal Society, Burlington House, London.
  • Royal Society of New South Wales, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
  • Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 87 Park Street, Calcutta.
  • Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London.
  • Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Societé Neuchateloise de Geographie, Neuchatel, Switzerland.
  • University of California, Library Exchange Department, Berkeley, California.
  • Wisconsin Academy of Science and Arts, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
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ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
Held at the Library, Technical School, New Plymouth, 2nd February, 1909.

Present—The President, Members of Council, and other gentlemen.

The minutes of the last Annual Meeting were read and confirmed, together with the Report of the Council, and accounts, which were ordered to be printed in the next issue of the Journal.

The resignation of Mr. W. Kerr as a member of Council on his removal to Whanganui was received with regret.

Mr. S. Percy Smith was re-elected President for the ensuing year, as also were Messrs. Fraser and Corkill as members of the Council, and Mr. W. W. Smith was elected to fill Mr. Kerr's place. Mr. W. D. Webster was re-elected Auditor.

Mr. S. Savage, of Rarotonga, was elected an ordinary member of the Society.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL.
For the year ending 31st December, 1908.

In presenting its sixteenth annual report the Council has pleasure in congratulating members on the continued well-being of the Society. Our work has gone steadily on, in the preservation of original matter relating to the Polynesian race, as in former years. The Journal has appeared with regularity at the end of each quarter; a larger than ordinary space, during the last year, having been devoted to the “History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast,” the material for which has been accumulating for the last twenty-five years. It will take another year to complete it. Mr. Churchill's paper on “Samoan Phonetics in the Broader Sense,” denotes an advance in the science of Philology on original lines, the value of which will be appreciated more and more as time moves on.

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In last annual report, attention was drawn to the offer made by one of our original members to donate £100 on condition that another £400 was raised by the Society, with a view of preserving in print several valuable documents in the possession of the Society, which the limited funds at our disposal did not allow of publication in the pages of the Journal. So far, response to our invitation to aid this fund has not been so liberal as might have been expected. But Parliament at its last Session generously contributed £100 towards it, which, with sums received and promised raises the fund to over £160. The Council would welcome further contributions, which would enable us to make a start on these “Memoirs,” a work that must be undertaken soon, or there will be a danger of its not being done at all.

The Council is pleased to be able to report that our library, for the first time in its existence, is lodged in a practically fire-proof building, and all the books now brought together and properly arranged so that anything wanted can be easily found. A card index, or catalogue, of the whole is also nearly complete. The Library increases with rapid steps through presentations and exchanges, and it has now become a question of whether we should not strictly confine our exchanges to matters more especially connected with the object for which the Society was founded. To this end a Committee of the Council will shortly report. It will not be very many years before the wall space at our command will again be inadequate to hold all our books, if the present rate of increase continues. In the subjects of Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, Geography, etc, our Library is probably ahead of any other in the Dominion. The Council regrets that it is not more frequently used; but the time will yet come when its value to students will be inestimable. The Library is insured for £500.

On the subject of the New Maori Dictionary, Archdeacon W. H. Williams informs us that fair progress has been made in the compilation on to cards of the many contributions from various sources received, and which continue to accumulate. There is yet a good deal of work to be transcribed on to the cards, but Mr. Williams hopes, should his other duties permit, to commence the fair copy for the printer during the year. None but those who have undertaken similar work are aware of the great amount of patient and careful thought involved in the process of incorporating and testing contributions from so many sources, and the translation of the many examples illustrative of the meanings of words and phrases. We have reason to believe this will be the best Dictionary of any of the Polynesian dialects.

The Council is glad to note that there seems to be an awakening in many of the educated classes of this country to the necessity of preserving the Maori language in its purity. The New Zealand University has lately included Maori as one of the subjects for examination, which is a step in the right direction. But it is to be hoped that this may some day merge into a chair of Polynesian Ethnology and Philology, and that funds may be found for the endowment of research in those and cognate matters. The importance of these subjects when studied from the Polynesian basis is as yet hardly appreciated. The light they will yet throw on the early history of mankind is only at present perceived, and that but obscurely, by a small band of Polynesian scholars. In the meantime our Society is preparing the way for this time, by preserving all that is possible of original matter for use in the future.

Our losses by death during the past period, so far as can be ascertained, are limited to an old member and to one of our Life members. Since the end of the - x year there died at Auckland on the 23rd January, one of our original members, Mr. C. E. Nelson, who was, if not the foremost, certainly one of the best Maori scholars in the Dominion. He was not only a first-class Maori scholar, but was acquainted with Hebrew, Sanskrit, most of the European languages, and also nearly all the dialects of Polynesia. His acquaintance with esoteric Maori knowledge was very great; but unfortunately he has—it is believed—left none of this on record. He was at all times most ready to communicate his great knowledge to those who sought it. Mr. Nelson was the son of a Professor of Ethnology in the University of Christiania, Sweden. He had lived in New Zealand nearly sixty years.

There were thirteen new members elected during the year, and three resignations were received, whilst some names were struck off the roll for non-payment of subscriptions. The following are the numbers of members as at the 1st January, 1909:—

Patron 1
Honorary Members 8
Corresponding Members 16
Ordinary Members 174
  199

The above figures show a decrease of one member as compared with last year.

Financially, we end the year satisfactorily, in as much as we have a credit balance. The Treasurer's accounts attached show our position on the 31st December, 1908. The Council regrets to report that there are seventeen members in arrear with their subscriptions for one year, and fifteen for two years or more. Most of these latter will have to be struck off the roll for non-compliance with the rules.

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POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
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