Volume 15 1906 > Volume 15, No. 1 > [Front matter] p i-xvi
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VOL. XV. 1906.
Wellington, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY WHITCOMBE & TOMBS LIMITED 1906 Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. Berkeley Square House, London, W.1
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First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation

Printed in the United States of America

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    No. 57.—March, 1906.
  • Constitution of the Society, List of Officers and Members, etc. v-xii
  • Annual Meeting of the Society and Report xiii
  • The Lore of the Whare-Kohanga. Part II. Elsdon Best 1
  • Tipua-Kura, and other Manifestations of the Spirit World. Lieut.-Col. Gudgeon 27
  • Transactions and Proceedings of the Society 58
    No. 58.—June, 1906.
  • He korero tatai mo Horehore Pa. Tanguru Tuhua 61
  • Translation of the above. S. Percy Smith 69
  • A Maori Teka 94
  • Root Reducibility in Polynesian. W. Churchill, B.A. 95
  • Notes and Queries—(195) Life of Te Rau-paraha; (186) Fanning Island; (187) The Pentalpha; (188) The Plants of New Zealand 125
  • Transactions and Proceedings of the Society 127
    No. 59.—September, 1906.
  • Certain Maori Customs of Old. Major H. P. Tunui-a-rangi (with Translations by S. Percy Smith) 129
  • The Lore of the Whare-Kohanga. Part III. Elsdon Best 147
  • Whakamomore. Lieut-Col. Gudgeon 166
  • Maori Matter at the Cape of Good Hope. Rev. H. W. Williams 175
  • Transactions and Proceedings 181
    No. 60.—December, 1906.
  • The Lore of the Whare-Kohanga. Part IV. Elsdon Best 183
  • Maori Bird Names. Rev. H. W. Williams 193
  • Ruatapu and his Cook Island Descendants (with original text) Major J. T. Large 209
  • Te Atua-hae-roa, at Poverty Bay. Rev. F. W. Chatterton 220
  • Ngati-Awa in the North. A. C. Yarborough 221
  • Transactions and Proceedings 224

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His Excellency, Lord Plunket, Governor of New Zealand.


S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S. (Also Editor of Journal.)


  • M. Fraser.
  • W. Kerr.
  • W. L. Newman.
  • F. P. Corkill
  • W. H. Skinner.
  • J. H. Parker.

Joint Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers :

W. H. Skinner and W. L. Newman

THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “The Journal of the Polynesian Society,” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations of the history of the Polynesian race.

The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.

Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.

Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, together with a copy of the Rules, and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year, or on election.

Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.

The price of back numbers of the Journal, to members, is 2s 6d.

Vols. i, ii, iii, and iv are out of print.

Members and exchanges are requested to note that the Society's Office is at New Plymouth, to which all communications, books, exchanges, &c., should be sent, addressed to Hon. Secretaries.

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VOL. XV.—1906.
as at 1st January, 1906.

The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.

As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any on issions, or notify change of residence.

  • His Excellency the Governor, Government House, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, 1588, 21st Street, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England
  • Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
  • Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G., M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Sir James Hector, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Petone, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Professor H. H. Giglioli, Museo Zoologico, 19, via Romana, Florence, Italy
  • H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Chief Judge N.L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Prof. W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., The University, Melbourne.
  • Prof. A. H. Keane, LL.B., F.R.G.S., “Aram Gah,” 79, Broadhurst Gardens, South Hamstead, London, N.W.
  • Prof. Otis T. Mason, A.M., Ph.D., Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
  • Rev. Mohi Turei, Waiapu, N.Z.
  • Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
  • Karipa Te Whetu, Whangarae, Croixelles, Nelson, N.Z.
  • Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Aporo Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
  • Hare Hongi, Jackson Street, Petone, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara N.Z.
  • Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
  • Pa-ariki, Ngatangiia, Rarotonga.
  • Rev. J. Egan Moultan, D.D., Lindfield, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Churchill, W., B.A., Fale'ula, East 12th Street, near King's Highway, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
  • Cognet, Rev. Claud, S.M., Okato, N.Z.
  • Tunui-a-rangi, Major H. P., Pirinoa, Martinborough, N.Z.
  • * Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Alexander, W. D., F.R.G.S., D.Sc., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Aldred, W. A., Bank of New Zealand, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Aitken, J. G. W., M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Ashcroft, R. H., Esq., c/o Taupo Totara Timber Co., Mokai, via Putaruru, N.Z.
  • Atkinson, W. E., Whanganui, N.Z.
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  • * Birch, W. J., Marton, N.Z.
  • * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Barron, A., Land for Settlement Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Best, Elsdon, Ruatoki, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G.. F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
  • Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Benn, H. R., Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Buchanan, W. C., Carterton, N.Z.
  • Bennett, Rev. F. A., Rotorua, N.Z.
  • British and Foreign Bible Society, 114, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
  • Browne, A. H., Rarotonga
  • Brown, Prof. J. McMillan, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
  • * Chapman, His Honour F. R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., Denbeigh Ho., Koogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
  • Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, New York
  • Comins, Ven. Archdeacon R. Blundell, Norfolk Island
  • Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Cooper, His Honour Theo., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Coates, J., National Bank of N.Z., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Corkill, F. P., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Clark, Patrick, c/o Wilkie & Co., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Chatterton, Rev. F. W., Te Rau, Gisborne
  • Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Calhoun, Major Alfred R., 133, East Sixteenth Street, New York, U.S.A.
  • * Denniston, His Honour J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London
  • Drummond, James, “Lyttelton Times” Office, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Donne, T. A., Tourist Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Dixon, Ronald B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • * Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, 802, Hackfeld Street, Hawaiian Islands
  • Ewen, C. A., N.Z. Insurance Co., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Friedlander, R., Carlstrasse 11 Berlin, N.W.
  • Friedlaender, Dr. B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
  • Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
  • Forbes, E. J., S, Spring Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Fraser, M., New Plymouth, N.Z.,
  • Fisher, T. W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Frear, Chief Judge, W. F., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Frith, John F., Survey Office, New Plymouth
  • Fowlds, G., M.H.R., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Fenwick, Geo., “Otago Daily Times,” Dunedin
  • Field Colombian Museum, The, Chicago, U.S.A.
  • * Grace, L. M., N.L.P. Dept., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., C.M.G., Govt. Resident, Rarotonga
  • Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Gurr, E. W., Chief Judge, Pagopago, Samoa
  • Gill, W. H., Kobe, Japan.
  • Graham, Geo., c/o Wynyard & Purchas, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Gray, M. H., A.R.S.M., F.G.S., &c., Lessness Park, Abbeywood, Kent, England
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  • Haddon, A. C., D.Sc., F.R.S., Inisfail, Hills Road, Cambridge, England
  • * Hursthouse, C. W., Roads Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Hamilton, A., Museum, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Henry, Miss Teuira, Tahiti Island
  • Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., Rarotonga Island
  • Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London
  • Hughes, R. C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Hannon, H., The Hall, West Farleigh, Kent, England
  • Iorns, William, Masterton, N.Z.
  • * Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Whanganui, N.Z.
  • Kühl, W. H., W-Jäger Strasse, 73, Berlin
  • Kerr, W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Kelly, Hon. T., M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Port Moresby, New Guinea
  • * Large, Major J. T., Mangaia Island, Rarotonga
  • * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula, New Hebrides
  • Lambert, H. A., Tane, Pahiatua, N.Z.
  • Leslie, G., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Lethbridge, F. Y., M.H.R., Feilding, N.Z.
  • Lardelli, Victor S., Whangara, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • * Marshall, W. S., Te Hekenga, Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Major, C. E., M.H.R., Hawera, N.Z.
  • * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D., Efate, New Hebrides
  • * Mackay, A., Feilding, N.Z.
  • Mitchell, F. J., Home Rule, Mudgee, N.S.W.
  • Mackay, Captain A. W., J.P., c/o W. Walker, Esq., Vickery's Chambers, 82, Pitt Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
  • Mair, Captain G. W., F.L.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton, N.Z.
  • Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton, N.Z.
  • McNab, R., M.H.R., Gore, N.Z.
  • Maunsell, R., Eridge, Masterton, N.Z.
  • Maclaurin, Professor, Victoria College, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Martin, Josiah, F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Marchant, J. W. A., Surveyor-General of N.Z., Wellington
  • Mackintosh, Rev. Canon A., F.R.G.S., Honolulu. Hawaii
  • Malone, W. G., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Matthews, H. J., Chief Forester of N.Z., Wellington
  • Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Samoa
  • Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
  • Ngata, A. T., M.A., LL.B., M.H.R., Awaroa, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • New York Public Library, Astor Library Buildings, New York
  • Newman, W. L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Ngatana, Ratana, Ratana Railway Station, Turakina, N.Z.
  • Peebles, James M., Glenavy, South Canterbury
  • * Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, N.Z.
  • * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Pritt, Archdeacon, F. G., Gairlock, Brisbane, Queensland
  • Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., British Museum, London, England
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  • Pomare, Dr. M. H. P. N., Health Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Parker, J. H., New Plymouth.
  • Reeve, Wellwood, Tologa Bay, Gisborne N.Z.
  • * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
  • * Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Reweti, Ru, Opua, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Roy, J. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Roberts, W. H. S. Newborough, Oamaru
  • * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
  • * Smith, F. S., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier, N.Z.
  • * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Smith, T. H., Grafton Road, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Stainton, W., Mokoia, Woodville, N.Z.
  • Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Spencer, W. E., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Samuel, Oliver, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Solf, His Excellency Dr. W. K., Governor of German Samoa, Apia, Samoa.
  • Schultz, Dr. Erich von, Apia, Samoa.
  • Smith, William, Railway Department, Aramoho, N.Z.
  • Scholefield, G. H., New Zealand Times Office, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Stewart, Mervyn James, Katikati, N.Z.
  • * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Turnbull, A. H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Tinline, J., Nelson, N.Z.
  • Way, Right Hon. Sir Samuel James, Bart., P.C., Chief Justice, Adelaide, S.A
  • * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
  • * Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Wheeler, W. J., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., D.D., Bishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
  • * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Williams, Rev. H. W., M.A., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • Wilson, A., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
  • Watt, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides
  • Williams, F. W., Napier, N.Z.
  • Wallis, Right Rev. F., D.D., Bishop of Wellington. N.Z.
  • Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
  • Woodworth, W. McM., Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • Webster, W. D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Young, J. L., c/o Henderson & Macfarlane, Auckland, N.Z.
    PRESIDENTS (Past and Present).
  • 1892–1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
  • 1895–1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
  • 1897–1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
  • 1899–1900—J. H. Pope.
  • 1901–1903—E. Tregear, F.R.H.S., &c.
  • 1904–1906—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
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THE following is the list of Societies, &c., &c., to which the Journal is sent, and from most of which we receive exchanges. There is a tacit under-standing that several Public Institutions are to receive our publications free, so long as the New Zealand Government allows our correspondence, &c., to go free by post.

  • Agent-General of New Zealand, 13 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S. W.
  • Anthropologische, Ethnographische, etc., etc., Gesellschraft, Vienna, Austria.
  • Anthropologie, Société d', 15, Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
  • Anthropologia, Museo Zoologica, Florence, Italy.
  • Anthropological Society of Australia, c/o Board of International Exchanges Sydney.
  • Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, 3 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Anthropologie, École d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
  • Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, University, Sydney.
  • Aute (Te) Students Association, The College, Te Aute, Hawke's Bay. N.Z.
  • American Oriental Society, 235, Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
  • Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java.
  • Buddhist Text Society, 86/2 Jaun Bazaar Street, Calcutta.
  • Blenheim Literary Institute, Blenheim, N.Z.
  • Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
  • Canadian Institute, 46 Richmond Street East, Toronto.
  • Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge, England.
  • Ethnological Survey, Manila, Philippine Islands
  • Faculté des Sciences de Marseilles, Marseilles, France.
  • General Assembly Library, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Géographie, Société de, de Paris, Boulvard St. Germain 184, Paris.
  • Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
  • Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Philosophical, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Institute, The New Zealand, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Otago, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Japan Society, 20 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Kongl, Vitterhets Historie och Antiqvitete Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Koninklijk Instituut, 14, Van Galenstraat, The Hague, Holland.
  • Literary and Historical Society, Quebec, Canada.
  • Museum, Christchurch.
  • Museum, The Australian, Sydney.
  • Minister of Education, Wellington.
  • Minister, Right Hon. the Premier, Wellington.
  • Minister, Hon. The Colonial Secretary, Wellington.
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  • Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji.
  • Public Library, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Public Library, Auckland.
  • Public Library, Wellington.
  • Public Library, Melbourne.
  • Public Library, Sydney.
  • Peet, Rev. S. D., Ph.D., Editor of “The American Antiquarian,” 438, Fifty Seventh Street, Chicago.
  • Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
  • Reading Room, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Royal Geographical Society, 1 Saville Row, London.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70 Queen Street, Melbourne.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide.
  • Royal Society, Burlington House, London.
  • Royal Society of New South Wales, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
  • Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 87 Park Street, Calcutta.
  • Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London.
  • Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Secretary, General Post Office, Wellington.
  • Secretary (Under) Colonial Secretary's Department, Wellington.
  • Secretary (Under) Justice (Native), Wellington.
  • University of California, Berkeley, California.
  • Wisconsin Academy of Science and Arts, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
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Held at New Plymouth, N.Z., 30th January, 1906.

THE usual annual meeting was held as above at the Borough Council office, the President (Mr. S. Percy Smith) in the chair, the following members being present:—Messrs. J. B. Roy, R. C. Hughes, O. Samuel, M. Fraser, F. P. Corkill, W. Kerr, W. L. Newman, and W. H. Skinner.

The minutes of the last annual meeting, together with the annual report and balance-sheet, were read and confirmed, and ordered to be printed in the next Journal.

A ballot was taken for three members of the Council who retire under Rule 5, which resulted in Messrs. Kerr, Parker, and Skinner retiring.

The following officers for the ensuing year were elected:—

  • President—S. Percy Smith.
  • Council—W. Kerr, J. H. Parker, and W. H. Skinner.
  • Secretary—W. H. Skinner.
  • Auditor—W. D. Webster.

On the motion of Mr. Samuel, seconded by Mr. Roy, the Council were instructed to communicate with the authorities of the proposed Technical School, with a view of trying to arrange for a room for the library.

A vote of thanks to the officers of the Society terminated the proceedings.

Presented at the Annual Meeting, 30th January, 1906, in terms of Rule No. 31.

THE Council of the Society has pleasure in reporting to the annual meeting for the fourteenth time since the foundation of the Society. Nothing very prominent has marked the year just passed, except the loss of some prominent members through death. Amongst these must be mentioned Captain F. W. Hutton, F.R.S., Curator of the Canterbury Museum, who died on the voyage out from England, on his return from a well-deserved holiday. Not only the Society, but New Zealand at large, loses in him a man who occupied the highest rank on the roll of our scientific men. The Hon. Captain C. W. A. T. Kenny, M.L.C., also passed away during the year after a lengthened period of ill-health. He was one of our original members, and a genial, kindly gentleman of a high stamp. We have also had four resignations during the year, three of whom were original members. It is of course natural that our original members must in process of time disappear from our roll. Out of the 110 original members who formed the Society in 1892 there are only 46 now left. Some members names have also been - xiv struck off for non-payment of their subscriptions, so that on the 1st January, 1906, our members stood as follows:—

Patron 1
Honorary members 9
Corresponding members 16
Ordinary members 166
Total 192

This shows an increase of only three members during the year, which is not, we think, as it should be, when it is considered that this Society is really doing what in most other countries is done by their Governments—i.e., the preservation and publication of original documents connected with the history of the country and with the race which preceded our occupation. In the publication of our quarterly Journal, and the incidental expenses connected with the carrying on of the Society since its foundation, we have expended a sum of £2145 (including about £90 paid to Capital Account). For this expenditure we have published fourteen volumes of “Transactions and Proceedings,” the value of which are acknowledged, more particularly by the societies with which we exchange publications. It is obvious this could not have been accomplished without the aid of many writers, who, together with the officers of the Society, have given their services gratuitously. The only assistance the Society has had has been the concession made by the New Zealand Government in allowing our postal matter to go free to all parts of the British Empire. Without this concession our balance-sheet for the last twelve months would have been on the wrong side.

A subject that causes the Council some anxiety is our library. Through the kindness of the Borough Council of New Plymouth the larger part of our books, &c., are given free storage; but they increase in volume so rapidly that there is no longer space for them in the Borough Council Chamber, and all the later additions to the library are stored with the President or Secretaries, and are therefore not available for reference. What the Council would be glad to see is a room provided in which all our books and documents could be placed in proper order, with accommodation for those who might wish to avail themselves of the many valuable works the library contains. During the last year Mr. Harry Skinner has rearranged part of the books and commenced a catalogue of them.

The supply of original papers continues, many of them in Maori, which require translation. These latter are of especial value. It is to be regretted, however, that we receive so few papers from outside New Zealand, for the Council does not desire to see our Transactions become of too local a character. There are many gentlemen within the area defined by the term “Polynesia” in our rules who are quite capable of adding largely to our Journal.

The treasurer's accounts attached hereto show the total receipts (inclusive of balance brought forward) to be £203 11s 3d, and the expenditure to be £193 5s 7d, leaving a balance in hand of £10 5s 9d towards next year's expenditure. The Capital Account now stands at £106 17s 5d. This fund has only once been drawn on during the past fourteen years—viz., in copying Mr. Christian's long list of words in several dialects of Indonesia and Polynesia, and part of the sum spent in this work has been refunded to the Capital Account. It was originally started to provide means for publishing special memoirs.

We are, as usual, indebted to Mr. R. Coupland Harding for the compilation of the index to the last volume, and also to Mr. W. D. Webster for auditing our accounts.

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