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THE JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
VOL. XIX. 1910.
New Plymouth, N.Z.: Printed for the Society by Thomas Avery, Devon Street. 1910. Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 11 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. Berkeley Square House, London, W.1
First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation
Printed in the United States of America
CONTENTS OF VOL. XIX.
No. 73.—March, 1910.
- Annual Meeting of the Society viii.
- Annual Report of the Society and Accounts viii.
- Members of the Society i.
- List of Exchanges vi.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
- Chapter XVII.—Barrett and Love settle at Nga-Motu 1
- Chapter XVII.—The Defence of Otaka Pa24
- On Ari'i in Tahiti. By Tati Salmon 39
No. 74.—June, 1910.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
- Chapter XIX.—Second Siege of Motutawa 47
- Aryan and Polynesian Points of Contact. By S. Percy Smith 84
- Ruatapu and Uenuku. By Hare Hongi 89
- The Breadfruit-tree in Maori Traditions. James Cowan 94
- Maori Star-names. Elsdon Best 97
- Transactions and Proceedings 100
No. 75.—September, 1910.
- History and Traditions of the Taranaki Coast—
- Chapter XX.—The Wreck of the Harriett 101
- “Unwritten Literature of Hawaii”—a review 137
- The Rarotongan Version of the Story of Rata. S. Savage 142
- Ko Te Are-korero teia no Rata-Ariki 158
- Transactions and Proceedings 169
No. 76.—December, 1910.
- Easter Island (Rapa-nui) and Rapa (Rapa-iti) 171
- The Paumotu Version of the Story of Rata. By A. Leverd 176
- Rata. By Te Aipitaroa-a-nui-a-Parara 186
- The Period of Rata. By S. Percy Smith 195
- Wairangi, he tipuna no Ngati-Raukawa 197
- Wairangi, an Ancestor of Ngati-Raukawa. By Te Rangihiroa, M.P. 201
- The Moriori People of the Chatham Islands. Chapter XV. 206
- On the Whatu-kura. By T. W. Downes 218
- Notes and Queries—
- 210. Occurrence of Moa Bones in Forests. W. W. Smith 222
- 211. The Moa. G. H. Davies 223
- 212. Ancient Inhabitants of New Guinea 223
- 213. The Poe, a name for the Tui. Elsdon Best 223
- 214. The Pump-drill: Was it known to the Maori? Elsdon Best 224
- 215. Did the Maoris permanently occupy Lake Wanaka? 224
- 216. Possible Origin of the Lizard in Maori Carvings. Editor 225
- 217. Possible Origin of the Lizard in Maori Carvings. W. H. Skinner 225
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MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY, As at 1st January, 1910.
The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.
As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any omissions, or notify change of address.
- His Excellency the Governor, Government House, Wellington, N.Z.
- Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, 1588, 21st Street, Washington, U.S.A.
- Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England.
- Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England.
- Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G., P.C., LL.D., M.P., Wellington, N.Z.
- Professor H. H. Giglioli, Museo Zoologico, 19, via Romana, Florence, Italy.
- H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Chief Judge N.L. Court of Appeal, Auckland, N.Z.
- Prof. W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., C.M.G., F.R.S., The University, Melbourne.
- Prof. A. H. Keane, LL.B., F.R.G.S., “Aram Gah,” 79, Broadhurst Gardens, South Hampstead, London, N.W.
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Opunake, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Rev. Mohi Turei, Port Awanui, Waiapu, N.Z.
- Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
- Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
- Aporo Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
- Hare Hongi, 3, Stirling Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara, N.Z.
- Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
- Churchill, W., B.A., Fale'ula, East 12th Street, near King's Highway, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
- Cognet, Rev. Claude, S.M., Otaki, N.Z.
- Tunui-a-rangi, Major H. P., Pirinoa, Martinborough, N.Z.
- Whatahoro, H. T., Makirikiri P.O., Wanganui, N.Z.
- Christian, F. W., 34, York Road, Brentford, Middlesex, England.
- *Alexander, W. D., F.R.G.S., D.Sc., Box 732, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- Aldred, W. A., Bank of New Zealand, Timaru, N.Z.
- Angus and Robertson, 89-95 Castlereagh Street, Sydney.
- Ashcroft, R. H., c'o Taupo Totara Timber Co., Mokai, via Putaruru, N.Z.
- Atkinson, W. E., Wanganui, N.Z.
- Atkinson, A. H., Feilding, N.Z.
- *Birch, W. J., Thoresby, Marton, N.Z.
- *Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- *Barron, A., Land for Settlement Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- *Best, Elsdon, Ruatoki, Rotorua, N.Z.
- Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
- Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
- Benn, H. R., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Buchanan, W. C., Carterton, N.Z.
- British and Foreign Bible Society, 146, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
- Bruce, R. C., Ngaruru, Hunterville, N.Z.
- Buick, T. Lindsay, Dannevirke, N.Z.
- Brown, Prof. J. MacMillan, Holmbank, Fendelton, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
- Buck, Dr. Peter H., M.P., Health Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- Bullard, G. H., Survey Office, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Birks, L., M.I.C.E., Rotorua, N.Z.
- *Chapman, His Honour F.R., Wellington, N.Z.
- *Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
- Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, N.Y.
- Comins, Ven. Archdeacon R. Blundell, Norfolk Island.
- Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
- Cooper, His Honour Theo., Wellington, N.Z.
- Coates, J., National Bank of New Zealand, Wellington, N.Z.
- Corkill, F. P., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Cock, Richard, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Clark, Patrick, c/o Clark & McAra, Rattray Street, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Chatterton, Rev. F. W., Te Rau, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., Bishops Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- Cooke, J.P., c/o Alexander & Baldwin, Honolulu.
- Coughlan, W. N., Waima, Hokianga, N.Z.
- Carnegie Public Library, Dunedin, N.Z.
- *Denniston, His Honour J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
- Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London.
- Dixon, Ronald B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
- Davies, G. H., “Mamari,” Karori, Wellington, N.Z.
- Drummond, Jas., “Lyttelton Times” Office, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Douglass-Scott H., Captain (retired), Drumlanrig, Dumfrieshire, Scotland.
- *Emerson, J. S., 24, Avenue Dapples, Lausanne, Switzerland.
- Ewen, C. A., Commercial Union Insurance Co., Wellington, N.Z.
- *Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
- Friedlander, R., Karlstrasse 11, Berlin, N.W.
- Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
- Forbes, E. J., 8, Spring Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
- Fraser, M., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Fisher, T. W., Native Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Frith, John F., Survey Office, Nelson, N.Z.
- Fowlds, Hon. G., M.P., Auckland, N.Z.
- Field Museum of Natural History, The, Chicago, U.S.A.
- * Grace, L. M., c/o Travers, Russell & Campbell, Wellington.
- Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., C.M.G.
- Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., 28, His Majesty's Arcade, Auckland, N.Z.
- Gurr, E. W., Chief Justice, Pagopago, Samoa.
- Gill, W. H., c/o C. & A. H. Nicholls, Peninsula Ho, Monument Street, London, E.C.
- Graham, Geo., c/o Wynyard & Purchas, Auckland, N.Z.
- Gray, M. H., A.R.S.M., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., etc., Lessness Park, Abbeywood, Kent, England.
- Govett, C. W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Haddon, A. C., D.Sc., F.R.S., Inisfall, Hills Road, Cambridge, England.
- * Hursthouse, C. W., Lower Hutt, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Hamilton, A., Museum, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Henry, Miss Teuira, 1234 Beretania Street, Honolulu
- Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
- Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., c/o London Missionary Society, 16, New Bridge Street, London, E.C.
- Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London.
- Hughes, R. C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Hiersemann, Karl W., Königstrasse 3, Leipzig, Germany.
- Haszard, H. D. M., F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- Hilgendorf, F. W., B.A., Lincoln College, Canterbury, N.Z.
- Hallen, Dr. A. H., Opotiki, N.Z.
- Hayman, F. T., Oruanui, Taupo, N.Z.
- Holdsworth, John, Swarthmore, Havelock, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
- Hannan, The Hon. H., The Hall, West Farleigh, Maidstone, Kent, England.
- Hawkes Bay Philosophical Society, c/o Wilson, Craig, & Co., Napier, N.Z.
- Iorns, William, Masterton, N.Z.
- Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland, N.Z.
- Institute, The Otago, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Ivens, the Rev. W. G., Nelson Street, Kilbirnie, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- Jack, J. B., Public Trustee's Office, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- James, H. L., B.A., Khandallah, Wellington, N.Z.
- Kerr, W., Wanganui, N.Z.
- Kelly, Hon. T., M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- King, Newton, Brooklands, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Large, Major J. T., Mangaia Island, Rarotonga.
- Lambert, H. A., Arranmore, Makirikiri, Wanganui, N.Z.
- Lethbridge, F. Y., M.P., Feilding, N.Z.
- Leatham, Dr. H. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Lardelli, Victor S., Whangara, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Lamprecht, Georg, Tahiti Island.
- Luzac & Co., 46, Great Russell Street, London, W.C.
- *Marshall, W. S., Mangaraupi, Rata.
- Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, Napier, N.Z.
- Major, C. E., Hawera, N.Z.
- Mitchell, F. J., Home Rule, Mudgee, N.S.W.
- Mackay, Captain A. W., J.P., c/o W. Walker, Esq., Vickery's Chambers, 82, Pitt Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
- March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England.
- Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton, N.Z.
- Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton, N.Z.
- McNab, R., M.A., LL.B., F.R.G.S., Gore, N.Z.
- Martin, Josiah, F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
- Malone, W. G., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Museum, The, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Maxwell, E., Opunake, N.Z.
- Minister of Internal Affairs, The Hon., Wellington, N.Z.
- Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Samoa.
- Nairn, F. E., Hastings, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
- New York Public Library, Astor Library Buildings, New York.
- Newman, W. L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Ngatana, Ratana, Ratana Railway Station, Turakina, N.Z.
- Newman, Dr. A. K., Hobson Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- Ngata, A. T., M.A., The Hon., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
- *Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, N.Z.
- *Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., British Museum, London, England.
- Pohio, Whetu, Petane, Napier, N.Z.
- Parker, J. H., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Public Library, The Carnegie, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Public Library, Auckland, N.Z.
- Public Library, Wellington, N.Z.
- Public Library, Melbourne, Victoria.
- Public Library, Sydney, N.S.W.
- Philosophical Institute, The, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Postmaster General, The, Hon., Wellington, N.Z.
- *Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
- Roy, J. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Roberts, W. H. S., Newburgh, Oamaru, N.Z.
- Robertson, D. E., Plimmerton, N.Z.
- *Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Post Office, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- *Shand, A., Chatham Islands.
- *Smith, F. S., Chief Surveyor, Blenheim, N.Z.
- *Smith, M.C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- *Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier, N.Z.
- *Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington, N.Z.
- *Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Sandford, Major F. W., Vogeltown, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- Samuel, The Hon. Oliver, M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Solf, His Excellency Dr. W. K., Governor of German Samoa, Apia, Samoa.
- Schultz, Dr. Erich von, Apia, Samoa.
- Scholefield, G. H., New Zealand Associated Press Agency, 130, Fleet Street, London, E.C.
- Secretary for Education, Wellington, N.Z.
- Skinner, J., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Savage, S., Rarotonga Island.
- *Tregear, E., F.R. Hist. S., Wellington, N.Z.
- Turnbull, A.H., F.R.G.S., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- Testa, F. J., Honolulu.
- Way, Right Hon. Sir Samuel James, Bart., P.C., Chief Justice, Adelaide, S.A.
- *Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
- *Williams, Rev. W. L., D.D., Napier, N.Z.
- *Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- Williams, Archdeacon H. W., M.A., Gisborne, N.Z.
- Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
- White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawkes Bay, N.Z.
- Wilson, A., Hangatiki, Auckland, N.Z.
- Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands.
- Williams, F. W., Napier, N.Z.
- Wallis, Right Rev. F., D.D., Bishop of Wellington, N.Z.
- Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
- Woodworth, W. McM., Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
- Webster, W. D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Wilford, T. M., M.P., Wellington, N.Z.
- *Young, J. L., c/o Henderson & Macfarlane, Auckland, N.Z.
- Yarborough, A. C., Kohukohu, Hokianga, N.Z.
PRESIDENTS (Past and Present).
- 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
- 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
- 1897-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
- 1899-1900—J. H. Pope.
- 1901-1903—E. Tregear, F.R.H.S., etc.
- 1904-1910—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
LIST OF EXCHANGES.
THE following is the list of Societies, etc., etc., to which the Journal is sent and from most of which we receive exchanges:—
- High Commissioner of New Zealand, 13 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S.W.
- Anthropologische, Ethnographische, etc., Gesellschraft, Vienna, Austria.
- Anthropologie, Société d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
- Anthropologia Societa, Museo Nazionale di Anthropologia, via Gino Capponi, Florence, Italy.
- Anthropological Society, Royal, of Australia, 289 Pitt Street, Sydney.
- Anthropological Institute, The Royal, of Great Britain, 50 Great Russell Street, London, W.C.
- Anthropologie, Ecole d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
- Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
- American Oriental Society, 245 Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
- Anthropology, Department of, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
- Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java.
- Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
- Ethnological Survey, Manila, Philippine Islands.
- General Assembly Library, Wellington, N.Z.
- Géographie, Société de, de Paris, Boulvard St. Germain 184, Paris.
- Geographical Society, The American, 15 West, 81st Street, New York.
- Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
- Institute, The New Zealand, Wellington, N.Z.
- Indian Research Society, The, 32 Creek Row, Calcutta.
- Japan Society, 20 Hanover Square, London, W.
- Kongl, Vitterhets Historie och Antiqvitets, Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Koninklijk Instituut, 14 Van Galenstraat, The Hague, Holland.
- Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji.
- National Museum Library, Washington.
- Peet, Rev. S. D., Ph.D., Editor of “The American Antiquarian,” 10 Lincoln Avenue, Salem, Mass., U.S.A.
- Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
- Royal Geographical Society, 1 Savile Row, London.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70 Queen Street, Melbourne.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide.
- Royal Society, Burlington House, London.
- Royal Society of New South Wales, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
- Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 87 Park Street, Calcutta.
- Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London.
- Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
- Societé Neuchateloise de Geographie, Neuchatel, Switzerland.
- University of California, Library Exchange Department, Berkeley, California.
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
THE annual meeting of the Society took place at the Library, Technical School, on February 25th, when the Annual Report and Accounts were read, passed, and ordered to be printed (see below).
In accordance with the Rules, a ballot took place for the three members who annually retire from the Council, when Messrs. Parker, W. W. Smith, and Newman were drawn, but were re-elected.
- S. Percy Smith was re-elected President.
- Mr. W. D. Webster was re-elected Auditor, with thanks for previous services in that capacity.
The following new members were elected:—
- R. C. Bruce, Ngaruru, Hunterville.
- The Hawkes Bay Philosophical Society.
- The New Plymouth Public Library.
- Dr. H. B. Leatham, New Plymouth.
- Major F. W. Sandford, Vogeltown, New Plymouth.
- Newton King, New Plymouth.
- Richard Cock, New Plymouth.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL.
For the year ending 31st December, 1909.
THE Council has pleasure in presenting to the annual meeting of the Society its seventeenth annual report, which will be found to be brief, for there is little to record beyond the continued steady progress towards carrying out the object for which the Society was founded—namely, the preservation in print of all that can be obtained relating to the Polynesian race. Our Journal has appeared with great regularity at the end of each quarter. It contains two hundred and thirty pages of matter, besides a larger number of illustrations and maps than in any previous volume; the maps being due to the liberality of the Government, who have had them drawn and printed without cost to the Society. The usual number of three hundred copies have been struck off, which, after supplying our members and exchanges, leaves us from fifty to sixty copies for future disposal.
During the year arrangements have been made with Karl Heirssemann of Leipzig to reproduce the four first volumes of the Journal by the anastatic process, as those volumes have long been out of print, and many inquiries are made for them.
The “Memoir Fund” referred to in the last two annual reports now stands as follows: Cash in hand, £151 3s. 8d.; promises, £114 2s.; total, £265 5s. 8d.—out of which the Government contributed £100. The fund is to be used in printing a - ix number of papers in the hands of the Society, which our ordinary funds will not allow us to accomplish. During the coming winter, it is hoped, a start will be made with the publication.
Our library, now safely housed at the Technical School, continues to increase. It is fairly well indexed up to date. More shelving has been supplied, which will meet our wants for a couple of years. The Council regrets that the library is not made more use of, for it is probably the best ethnological and philological collection in the Dominion, and will yet—as interest increases in these studies—be more and more appreciated.
Archdeacon W. H. Williams reports that the new Maori Dictionary—which is to be published under our auspices—is progressing fairly well; two important additional list of words having been incorporated. It is hoped that the fair copies for the printer will be commenced this year. They are to be typewritten. But the Archdeacon is a very busy man.
Our membership does not increase as it should do, and during the year we have lost several members through death and resignation, whilst others have been struck off through non-payment of their subscriptions. Amongst the deaths are: Prof. Otis. T. Mason of the Smithsonian Institute; the Rev. Dr. J. E. Moultan of Tonga; Mr. F. H. Edger, late judge of the Native Land Court; Mr. A. Mackay, also a judge of the same Court; Mr. R. Maunsell of Masterton; and Dr. B. Friedlaender of Berlin. There were only six new members elected during the year, a less number than in any previous period. On the 31st December our members were as follows:—
Which shows a decrease of eight members during the year. (The election of seven members at the annual meeting brings up the number to only one less than last year.) Of the original members and founders of the Society there are now only 35 left on the roll.
In financial matters we end the year with a small balance of £8 2s. 0d., rather less than last year, as will be seen by the Treasurer's accounts attached.
The Council regrets to report that on the 31st December there were 19 members in arrear for one year, 12 for two years, and 21 for longer periods—many of these will have to be struck off the roll for non-compliance with the Rules. Were the names of those in arrear published, it would cause considerable surprise to members. Their default means that the Journal contains fewer pages than it otherwise would do.
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