THE JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
VOL. XXVII. 1918.
New Plymouth, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY THOMAS AVERY, DEVON STREET. 1918.
CONTENTS OF VOL. XXVII.
No. 105.—MARCH, 1918.
- Annual Meeting of Society i
- Annual Report of Council i
- Balance Sheet iii
- Members of Society iv
- List of Exchanges ix
- Publications received by way of exchange, etc. x
- The Land of Tara, Part II. By Elsdon Best 1
- Traditions of and Notes on the Paumotu Islands. By Rev. Père Audran 26
- Pungatai. By W. H. Skinner 36
- The Ngati-Tuharetoa Occupation of Taupo-nui-a-Tia. By the Rev. Hoeta Te Hara. Translated by the Rev. H. J. Fletcher 38
- Proceedings 47
No. 106.—JUNE, 1918.
- The Land of Tara, Part III. By Elsdon Best 49
- Raivavai and its Statues. By Prof. J. MacMillan Brown 72
- Review. “Fornander's Collection of Hawaiian Antiquities” 78
- “Whakangungu.” By S. Percy Smith 81
- A Legend of Old Mahurangi. By Geo. Graham 86
- Traditions of and Notes on the Paumotu Islands. By Rev. Père Audran 90
- The New Zealand Universities and Ethnological Studies 93
- Notes and Queries—On the name Io, the Supreme God of the Maoris 95
- Mummification among the Polynesians 95
- A New Word in the Maori Language 95
- Did the Maoris of New Zealand use the Sling? 96
- Mummification among the Maoris 96
- Proceedings 97
No. 107.—SEPTEMBER, 1918.
- The Land of Tara, Part IV. By Elsdon Best 99
- Notes on the Mangareva, or Gambier Group of Islands, Eastern Polynesia. By S. Percy Smith 115
- Traditions of and Notes on the Paumotu Islands, Part III. By Rev. Père Audran 132
- Traditions and Legends of Southland, Part VIII. By H. Beattie 137
- On the Greenstone “Tiki.” By Hare Hongi 162
- Proceedings 164
No. 108.—DECEMBER, 1918.
- The Land of Tara, Part V. By Elsdon Best 165
- History and Traditions of Rarotonga, Part III. Translated by Major J. T. Large 178
- On the Greenstone “Tiki.” By Hare Hongi 199
- More about Turi. By A. Leverd 202
- The Kohera, or Evil Omen, and the Fall of Patoka Pa in 1841. By S. Percy Smith 212
- Maki, a Chief of the Wai-o-hua Tribe. By Geo. Graham 219
- An Ancient “Flute Song.” By Hare Hongi 222
- Notes and Queries—
- Bellona and Rennell Islands 225
- The Discovery and Re-discovery of Wellington Harbour 225
- Is “Pihareinga” a Genuine Maori Term 226
- Did the Maoris Use the Sling? 226
- Guiding Stars in Navigation 226
- Social Usages of the Maori 227
- Proceedings 228
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY, FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST DECEMBER, 1917.
THE Meeting took place on the 27th March, at the new rooms of the Society over the new Museum erected by the Borough Council of New Plymouth. There were several members present, the President being in the chair.
After passing of the minutes of the last annual meeting, the report of the Council and the year's accounts were read and ordered to be printed. They will be found below.
Mr. S. Percy Smith was re-elected President, and Messrs. Fraser and W. W. Smith (who had been balloted out) were again elected to the Council.
Mr. W. D. Webster was re-elected Hon. Auditor, and thanked for his previous services.
The following members were elected:—
- Mr. Bernard Chambers, Te Mata, Havelock North.
- Mr. A. F. McDonnell, Queen Street, Auckland.
- Mr. N. V. Hodgson, c/o N. Potts, Esq., Opotiki.
The members present then viewed the Library now in course of arranging.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL, FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST DECEMBER, 1917
IN presenting to the Annual Meeting its Twenty-fifth Annual Report the Council has little to record, for our work has not been marked by any abnormal features. The objects for which the Society was founded in 1892 have been kept in view, and our ‘Journal’ has appeared regularly, forming the twenty-sixth volume. This has been accomplished by the continuous assistance of authors who have supplied an abundance of original material, so much so that with our limited means we have experienced a difficulty in finding space for the articles supplied. During the twenty-six years of the Society's existence many of our early contributors have, only naturally, ceased to be very active in writing, but happily a younger generation is coming to the fore and taking their place.
It is to be regretted that more of the native inhabitants of the islands do not take advantage of our ‘Journal’ to record their histories, &c., or indeed, to assist us by becoming members. Many of them can write very well, and generally there is not much difficulty in getting translators. It is, however, but few of the Polynesian race who see the importance of recording their histories—the people of the present generation are generally too indolent for sustained effort. There is still lots of information stored in the minds of the old men which only requires a little effort and energy to bring forth, and it is feared much of this will be lost with the generation now passing away.
We are glad to welcome a new Society, to be run on much the same lines as our own, viz., ‘La Société Oceanienne de Tahiti,’ and we wish them every success. There are now four Societies devoting their efforts to recording the traditions, history and customs of the peoples of the Pacific: The Historical Society of Hawaii, the Tahitian Society mentioned above, The Fijian Society, and our own. To which must be added the important publications of the Bishop Museum of Honolulu.
It is to be hoped that the ensuing year will see further instalments of the Rarotonga traditions appearing in the ‘Journal,’ of which a good deal is already translated and ready for the printer.
Referring to our ‘Journal,’ members will notice that for the last three years it has decreased in size or number of pages in each quarterly issue. The war has made some difference, but the principal reason is the delay on the part of the members in forwarding their subscriptions, so that the executive, on that account, never feel certain of what funds will be received, and thus have to curtail the pages of the ‘Journal,’ to ensure being on the safe side. Take as an illustration the balance we have on hand at the end of the year. If these subscriptions had come in earlier, the ‘Journal’ might have been increased some 15 or 20 pages each number. All but a small proportion of our annual income is devoted to the ‘Journal.’ indeed it may be said that few Societies are carried on with so few expenses devoted to management, our work being all voluntary.
Although this report deals nominally with the period ending 31st December, 1917, the postponement of the annual meeting till March enables us to announce to members, that our library has been moved since the former date into commodious and fire-proof quarters in two rooms above the new Museum, erected by the Borough Council of New Plymouth. We have ample room for expansion, and the arrangement of the books will now allow of easy access to them, which was not the case so long as they were stored in locked cupboards. This excellent arrangement for us has been brought about by the generosity of a lady of this town, who, desiring to honour her father, decided to take advantage of the building of the new Museum, by finding a considerable sum of money to be devoted to building a room to be called “The Hempton Room,” and then allowed the Polynesian Society the perpetual use of it as a library—while a smaller room furnishes us with a Council room and office.
Needless to say, how much the Society owes to the generosity of this lady in providing us with a home in which to carry on our work. We may esteem ourselves extremely fortunate in thus early in the career of the Society finding a fulfilment of the hopes of most of us, to the effect that some day in the future we should possess a permanent home. But it has come sooner than any of us could have anticipated thanks to the generosity of this lady.
With regard to our financial position, the Treasurer's balance sheet shows in sufficient detail the state of our funds—notwithstanding the calls due to the terrible war that is raging on the other side of the world, there are fewer members in arrear with their subscriptions than usual. Of members one year behindhand there are 14, two years 7, and 4 years 6, which last number will have to be struck off our roll. Our numbers stand thus.—
This number is less by four than for last year; but the following members have died during the year: Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, R. T. Batley, D. Fraser and F. J. Testa, besides one other member, Mr. F. J. Green since the 31st December.
There are on the roll of members only nineteen names of those who assisted in the formation of the Society in 1892.
We have to thank Mr. W. H. Skinner for preparing the Index to Volume XXVI., and Mr. W. D. Webster for auditing the accounts.
MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY. AS FROM 1ST JANUARY, 1918.
The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder. As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would be obliged if members will supply any omission, or notify change of address
- The Right Hon. Baron Plunket, K.C.M.G., K.C.V.O., ex-Governor of New Zealand, Old Connaught, Bray, County Wicklow, Ireland.
- The Right Hon. Baron Islington, K.C.M.G., D.S.O., ex-Governor of New Zealand, Government Offices, Downing Street, London.
- His Excellency The Right Hon. The Earl of Liverpool, M.V.O., G.C.M.G., Governor General of New Zealand.
- Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England
- Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
- Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, Bart., K.C.M.G., P.C., LL.D., M.P., Wellington
- H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., c/o W. T. Williams, 7, St. Helens Place, Bishopsgate Street, London, E.C.
- Prof. Sir W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., C.M.G., F.R.S., The University, Melbourne
- *Edward Tregear, I.S.O., Wellington
- Dr. A. C. Haddon, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., 3, Cranmer Road, Cambridge, England
- Churchill, W., B.A., F.R.A.I., Yale Club, 30, West Forty-fourth Street, New York
- Sir J. G. Fraser, D.C.L., LL.D., Litt. D., Brick Court, Middle Temple, London, E.C.
- Elsdon Best, Dominion Museum, Wellington
- Chas. M. Woodford, C.M.G., The Grinstead, Partridge Green, Sussex, England
- S. H. Ray, M.A., F.R.A.I., 218, Balfour Road, Ilford, Sussex, England
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Rotorua
- Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago
- Takaanui Tarakawa, Rotorua
- Major J. T. Large, Rarotonga
- Hare Hongi, 3, Stirling Street, Wellington
- Tati Salmon, Papeete, Tahiti
- Tunui-a-rangi, Major H. P., Pirinoa, Martinborough
- Whatahoro, H. T. Putiki, Whanganui
- Christian, F. W., New Plymouth
- The Rev. C. E. Fox, San Christobal; viâ Ugi, Solomon Islands
- Skinner, H. D., B.A., D.C.M., 35, Rustat Road, Cambridge, England
- Rev. Père Hervé Andran, Fakahiva, Tuamotu, Tahiti
- M. Julien, His Excellency, Governor of French Oceania, Tahiti
- 1894 Aldred, W. A., Bank of New Zealand, Wellington
- 1899 Atkinson, W. E. Whanganui
- 1916 Avery, Thos., New Plymouth
- 1892 *Birch, W. J. Thoresby, Marton
- 1892 *Barron, A., Macdonald Terrace, Wellington
- 1894 Bamford, E., Arney Road, Auckland
- 1896 British and Foreign Bible Society, 146, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
- 1898 Buchanan, Sir W. C., Tupurupuru, Masterton
- 1902 Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
- 1907 Buick, T. Lindsay, F.R.Hist.S., Press Association, Wellington
- 1907 Brown, Prof. J. McMillan, M.A., L.L.D., Holmbank, Cashmere Hills, Christchurch
- 1909 Bullard, G. H., Chief Surveyor, New Plymouth
- 1910 Burnet, J. H. Virginian Homestead, St. John's Hill, Whanganui
- 1910 Burgess, C. H. New Plymouth
- 1911 Bird, W. W., Inspector of Native Schools, Napier
- 1913 Buddle, R., H.M.S. “Northampton,” e/o General Post Office, London
- 1914 Brooking, W. F., Powderham Street, New Plymouth
- 1914 Beattie, Herries, P.O. Box 40, Gore
- 1916 Bottrell, C. G., High School, New Plymouth
- 1918 Beyers, H. Otley, Professor Department of Anthropology, University of the Philippines, Manilla
- 1892 *Chapman, The Hon. F. R. Wellington
- 1892 Chambers, W. K., Fujiya, Mount Smart, Penrose, Auckland
- 1893 Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, N.Y.
- 1894 Chapman, M. Wellington.
- 1896 Cooper, The Hon. Theo., Wellington
- 1900 Cooke, J. P., c/o Alexander and Baldwin, Honolulu
- 1903 Chatterton, Rev. F. W., Te Rau. Gisborne
- 1903 Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., Parnell, Auckland
- 1908 Coughlan, W. N., Omaio, Opotiki
- 1908 Carnegie Public Library, Dunedin
- 1908 Carnegie Public Library, New Plymouth
- 1910 Cock, R., New Plymouth
- 1917 Cowley, Mark, P.O. Box 72, Auckland
- 1918 Chambers, Bernard, Te Mata, Havelock North
- 1892 *Denniston, The Hon. Sir J. E., Christchurch
- 1902 Dulau & Co., 38, Soho Square, London
- 1902 Drummond, Jas., “Lyttelton Times” Office, Christchurch
- 1903 Dixon, Roland B., Ph. D., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A
- 1910 Downes, T. W., P.O. Box 119, Whanganui
- 1911 Drew, C. H., New Plymouth
- 1917 Dominion Museum, Wellington
- 1892 *Emerson, J. S., 802, Spencer Street, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- 1904 Ewen, C. A., Commercial Union Insurance Co., Wellington
- 1896 Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo
- 1900 Forbes, E. J., 5, Hamilton Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
- 1901 Firth, John F., Survey Office, Nelson
- 1902 Fraser, M., New Plymouth
- 1902 Fisher, T. W., P.O. Box 102, Whanganui
- 1903 Fowlds, Hon. G., Auckland
- 1906 Field Museum of Natural History, The, Chicago, U.S.A.
- 1912 Fisher, Mrs. Lillian S., 560, Hancock Street, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.
- 1912 Fisher, F. Owen, c/o Credit Lyonaise, Biarritz, B.P., France
- 1913 Fildes, H., Box 740 Chief Post Office, Wellington
- 1892 *Gudgeon, Lieut-Col. W. E., C.M.G., 39, King's Parade, Devonport, Auckland.
- 1902 Gill, W. H. Marunouchi, Tokio, Japan
- 1902 Graham, Geo., c/o Commercial Union, P.O. Box 166, Auckland
- 1910 Golding, Fred W., U.S. Consul General, Guayaquil, Ecuador
- 1898 Hastie. Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London
- 1908 Hallen, Dr. A. H. Clevedon, Auckland
- 1909 Holdsworth, John, Swarthmoor, Havelock, Hawkes Bay
- 1910 Hawkes Bay Philosophical Society, c/o Wilson, Craig & Co., Napier
- 1910 Hocken, Mrs. T. M., Hocken Library, Dunedin
- 1910 Home, Dr. George, New Plymouth
- 1911 Heimbrod, G., F.R.A.I., Lautoka, Fiji
- 1911 Henniger, Julius, Motuihi Island, Auckland
- 1915 Hornblow, John K., Foxton
- 1917 Hocken Library, Dunedin
- 1918 Hodgson, N. V., c/o Norman Potts, Opotiki
- 1907 Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland
- 1907 Institute, The Otago, Dunedin
- 1892 Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L.C., 151, Newton Road, Auckland
- 1900 Kerr, W., S.M., Masterton
- 1902 Kelly, Thomas, New Plymouth
- 1910 King, Newton, Brooklands, New Plymouth
- 1894 Lambert, H. A. Belmont, Tayforth, Whanganui
- 1910 Leverd, A., Papeete, Tahiti Island
- 1911 Lysnar, W. D., Gisborne
- 1913 List, T. C., New Plymouth
- 1913 Lysons, E. W. M., New Plymouth
- 1916 Leatham, H.B., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond., New Plymouth
- 1917 Ledingham, T. J., “Montecute,” St. Kilda, Melbourne
- 1917 List, C. S., Rata Street, Inglewood
- 1892 *Major, C. E., 22, Empire Buildings, Swanson Street, Auckland
- 1893 March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
- 1897 Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton
- 1897 Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton
- 1907 Minister for Internal Affairs, The Hon., Wellington
- 1912 Marsden, J. W., Isel, Stoke, Nelson
- 1915 Mahoney, B. G., c/o C. Mahoney, Esq., Ruatoki, Tanoatua
- 1916 Mitchell, Library, The, Sydney
- 1917 Marshall, P., M.A., D.Sc., F.G.S., Collegiate School, Whanganui
- 1918 McDonell, A. F., Queen Street, Auckland
- 1895 Ngata, A. T., M.A., M.P., Parliamentary Buildings, Wellington
- 1900 Newman, W. L., New Plymouth
- 1902 New York Public Library, Astor Buildings, New York
- 1906 Newman, Dr. A. K., Hobson Street, Wellington
- 1894 Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wyngates, Burke's Road, Beaconsfield, England.
- 1907 Public Library, Auckland
- 1907 Public Library, Wellington
- 1907 Public Library, c/o G. Robertson & Co., Melbourne, Victoria
- 1907 Public Library, Sydney, N.S.W.
- 1907 Philosophical Institute, The, Christchurch
- 1907 Postmaster General, The Hon. The, Wellington
- 1913 Potts, Norman, Opotiki
- 1914 Parliamentary Library (the Commonwealth), Melbourne
- 1917 Patuki, J., Topi, Ruapuke Island, Invercargill
- 1917 Platts, F. W., Resident Commissioner, Rarotonga Island
- 1892 *Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington
- 1903 Roy, J. B., New Plymouth
- 1918 Rylands, John, Library, Manchester University, England
- 1892 *Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Pukekura Park, New Plymouth
- 1892 *Smith, F. S., Blenheim
- 1892 *Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington
- 1892 *Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth
- 1892 *Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington
- 1892 *Skinner, W. H., Chief Surveyor, Christchurch
- 1896 Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- 1904 Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier
- 1904 Samuel, The Hon. Oliver, M.L.C., New Plymouth
- 1905 Schultz, Dr. Erich von, late Imperial Chief Justice, Motuihi Island, Auckland
- 1907 Secretary of Education, Wellington
- 1910 Savage, S., Rarotonga Island
- 1914 Spence, J. R., Blenheim
- 1915 Smith, Alex., c/o W. W. Smith, New Plymouth
- 1916 Shalfoon, G., Opotiki
- 1893 Turnbull, A. H., F.R.G.S., Bowen Street, Wellington
- 1913 Tribe, F. C., Vogeltown, New Plymouth
- 1915 Thomson, Dr. Allan, M.A., D.Sc., F.G.S., A.O.S.M., Museum, Wellington
- 1916 Toylor, E. Grant, Chatham Islands
- 1916 Te Anga, Hone Tukere, N.L. Court Office, Whanganui
- 1917 Tarr, W., Government Printing Office, Nukualofa, Tonga Islands
- 1911 Vibaud, Rev. J. M., Hiruharama, Whanganui
- 1892 Williams, Archdeacon H. W., Gisborne
- 1894 Wilson, A., Hangatiki, Auckland
- 1896 Williams, F. W., Napier
- 1896 Wilcox, Hon. G. A., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
- 1898 Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
- 1902 Webster, W. D., New Plymouth
- 1903 Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth
- 1910 Wilson, Sir J. G., Bulls
- 1911 Wilson, T. H., Judge N.L. Court, Disraeli Street, Mount Eden, Auckland
- 1912 Westervelt, Rev. W. D., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- 1914 Waller, Captain W., Moturoa, New Plymouth
- 1915 Williams, H. B., Turihaua, Gisborne
- 1915 Wilson, Thos., Captain, New Plymouth
- 1916 Welsh, R. D., Hawera
- 1916 White, Percy J. H., New Plymouth
- 1917 Wheeler, W. J., Inspecting Surveyor, Gisborne
- 1917 Wilkinson, C. A., M.P., Eltham
- 1892 *Young, J. L., c/o Henderson and Macfarlane, Auckland
PRESIDENTS—Past and Present:
- 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
- 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
- 1896-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
- 1901-1903—E. Tregear, I.S.O., etc.
- 1904-1918—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
LIST OF EXCHANGES.
THE following is the List of Societies, etc., etc., to which the JOURNAL is sent, and from most of which we receive exchanges:—
- Anthropologie, Société d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris
- Anthropologia, Societa, Museo Nazioale di Anthropologia, Via Gino, Capponi, Florence, Italy
- Anthropologie, Ecole d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris
- Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney
- American Oriental Society, 245, Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
- American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
- American Museum of Natural History, Washington
- Anthropology, Department of, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
- Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1, Park Street, Calcutta
- Anthropological Department, University of The Philippines, Manilla.
- Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java
- Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institute, Washington
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
- Canadian Institute, Ottawa, Canada
- Canadian Department of Mines, Ottawa, Canada
- Dominion Museum, Wellington
- Ethnological Survey, Manilla, Philippine Islands
- Fijian Society, The, Suva, Fiji Islands
- General Assembly Library, Wellington (two copies)
- Géographie. Société de, de Paris, Boulevard St. Germain, 184, Paris
- Geographical Society, The American, Broadway, at 156th Street, New York
- High Commissioner of New Zealand, 13, Victoria Street, Westminster, London
- Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Institute, The New Zealand, Wellington
- Indian Research Society, The, 32, Creek Row, Calcutta
- Japan Society, 20, Hanover Square, London, W.
- Kongl, Vitterhets Historie, och Antiqvitets, Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden
- Koninklijk Instituut, 14, Van Galenstratt, The Hague, Holland
- Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji
- National Museum Library, Washington, U.S.A.
- Peabody Museum of Archæology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
- Philippines, Bureau of Science, Manilla
- Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland
- Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S. W.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W.
- Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70, Queen Street, Melbourne
- Royal Society, Burlington House, London
- Royal Society of New South Wales, 5, Elizabeth Street, Sydney
- Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London
- Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, The, 50, Great Russell Street, London, W.C.
- Smithsonian Institute, Washington
- Société Neuchateloise de Geographie, Neuchatel, Switzerland
- Société d'Etudes Oceanienne, Tahiti Island
- University of California, Library Exchange Department, Berkeley; California
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED BY WAY OF EXCHANGE, GIFT, &C., DURING THE YEAR 1917.
From the following Societies, Universities, Departments, etc.:—
Royal Colonial Institute, Royal Geographical Society, Royal Society of New South Wales, Royal Geographical Societies of Australasia (Queensland, South Australia and Victoria) Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, American Philosophical Society, La Société Neuchateloise de Geographie, Koninklijk Instituut Voor de Taal-land-en Volkenkunde, 'S-Gravenhage, Societa Italiana D' Anthropologia, Department of Mines, Canada, American Geographical Society, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Philippine Bureau of Science, American Oriental Society, American Museum of Natural History, Fijian Society, Bataviaasch Genotschap, Peabody Museum of American Archæology, Kungl Vetterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademen, Sweden, Geological Survey of Canada, Société D' Anthropologie de Paris, Société d'Etudes Oceanienne de Tahiti, Smithsonian Institute of Washington, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum, Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, The Dominion Museum, Wellington New Zealand, Commissioners of Agriculture and Forests, Hawaii, The Universities of Minnesota, Pensylvania, California, Tokyo, and Philippines.
From Authors and Editors:—
Revue Anthropologique de Paris, Na Mata, Fiji, W. Churchill, W. D. Westervelt, Prof. G. Elliot Smith, Prof. H. Otley Beyers.
By Authority: Marcus F. Marks. Government Printer Wellington.