Volume 54 1945 > Memoirs > No 22. Deuba: Index, p 66-70
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INDEX.
  • adaptation, to western culture, 33, 65.
  • adoption, 59.
  • alcohol, consumption by Fijians, 63.
  • Americans, attitude to Fijians, 64.
  • amusements, nature of, 15-16.
  • ancestor-worship, see vu.
  • animals, treatment of, 23.
  • archaic Fijian, 20 (footnote), 47.
  • Army, effect on Fijians, 62-63; reaction to, 65.
  • avoidance customs, 51.
  • bamboo, for building, 8; for torches, 14; as musical instruments, 16; wounds from, 30.
  • bathing, 27; by bride, 57.
  • Bau, importance of, 36, social organization of, 37; influence on kinship system, 47-48; marriage customs of, 58 (footnote).
  • bavelo, dug-out, 13, 15.
  • birth, absence of, 30; customs, 53.
  • blazers, use of, 6.
  • books, lack of, 16.
  • breakdown of custom, 25, 63, 65; effect of school, 33; influence of Church, 35; in kinship relations, 51; in marriage, 57-58.
  • Buck, Dr. P. H., theory of, 1.
  • bula, exclamation in yaqona ceremony, 19.
  • Buli, district chief, 4; attitude toward, 42, 65.
  • bure, Fijian house, 7.
  • bure kalou, temple, 40.
  • card-playing, 15.
  • Catholic mission, policy in schools, 33.
  • cemetery, attitude toward, 46.
  • census, results of, 59-60.
  • centre-poles, in houses, 8.
  • cession, of Fiji, 1.
  • chants, at yaqona ceremony, 19.
  • chiefs, selection of, 37; power of, 59, 63; attitude toward, 65.
  • children, number in family, 4; games of, 15; stealing by, 22; treatment of, 22-23, 51-52; hours of retiring, 23; sexual relations, 23; effect of divorce of parents, 25; physique and temperament, 25; work, 25; medical inspection, 29; education, 31-34; kinship relations, 51; first-born, 53; distribution of, 60.
  • Chinese, in Navua, 4.
  • choir, practices, 16; functions of, 34-35.
  • Christian religion, attitude toward, 35; reconciled with old concepts, 43-44.
  • Christmas, celebration at, 12, 16.
  • church, description of, 34-35; influence on old concepts, 43; role in marriage ceremony, 54.
  • circumcision, practice of, 53.
  • cleanliness, of Deubans, 27-28.
  • climate, of Deuba, 3; effect on Fijians, 25-26.
  • clothing, description of, 5-6; at school, 6, 31; dampness of, 26; cleanliness of, 27.
  • coconuts, as food, 10.
  • coconut oil, use of, 6; scenting of, 44; in marriage ceremony, 56.
  • colo, hill-country, 27.
  • commercial exploitation, 1.
  • communal society, effect of, 18; in village, 37; decline of, 59.
  • communal work, 12; exemption from, 61; shortage of labour, 62; objection to, 65.
  • compliments, at yaqona ceremony, 18; use of tabua, 47.
  • constable, at Church service, 34.
  • cooking utensils, 11; washing of, 28.
  • cost of marriage, 57-58.
  • cross-cousins, relations between, 51-52.
  • dairy farming, 3; by exempted men, 61-62.
  • Dakuwaqa, shark-spirit, 45.
  • dalo, as food, 9; supplied to Army, 62.
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  • dances, see meke and taralala.
  • death, absence of, 30; of Lauan, 46; use of tabua, 47; customs, 58.
  • Degei, leader of early migration, 1; worship of, 42.
  • democracy, desire for, 65.
  • dengue, fever, 27.
  • dental treatment, 29.
  • Deuba, geographical description, 3-4; district, 4; yavusa, 36, 38.
  • District Commissioner, residence, 4; functions, 5; visit of, 29; message from, 43.
  • division of marriage feast, 56.
  • divorce, frequency and effects of, 24.
  • Dobu, social system, 20.
  • Dravuni, location of old settlement, 4; yavusa, 36, 38.
  • dreams, of turaga-ni-koro, 43; of head of priestly mataqali, 43, 46.
  • dress, of women, 7; in dances, 16; in marriage ceremony, 54; new tastes in, 62; see also clothing.
  • dug-out, see bavelo.
  • education, progress in, 33; effect of, 63; see also school.
  • eels, spearing of, 14.
  • elders, at yaqona ceremony, 18-19; attitude to school, 34; quarrels with younger men, 38.
  • elephantiasis, 27.
  • endogamy, of yavusa, 36.
  • English, teaching in schools, 31-33; knowledge of school-teacher, 31; use in village, 33.
  • Europeans, 2; influence of, 25 (foot-note), 47, 63; attitude of Fijians toward, 63-65.
  • evil spirits, see tevoro.
  • exemption, from communal duties, 61-62.
  • exogamy, of yavusa and mataqali, 36.
  • family-groups, see mataqali.
  • fathom, as unit of measurement, 8.
  • Fijians, physical characteristics, 1; physique of, 25.
  • fish, as food, 10, 13; colour of, 14; as totem, 44; shortage of, 62.
  • fish-hooks, use of, 13.
  • fishing, methods of, 13-15; by marriage parties, 57.
  • food, place of consumption, 9; description of, 9-11; method of eating, 28; for Army, 62; new tastes in, 62.
  • fortress, at Dravuni, 39-41.
  • foster-parents, 24.
  • freedom, in sexual relations, 25; of children, 25.
  • gardens, description of, 12; at school, 31; increase in size, 62.
  • girls, at yaqona ceremony, 19; as tribute, 39.
  • goggles, use in fishing, 14.
  • gossip, absence of, 21.
  • Government station, at Naitonitoni, 4.
  • Gusuidelana, ancestor-spirit, 43.
  • half-castes, position of, 2.
  • head, of priestly mataqali, 35, 38, 43, 46; of pig, 40.
  • health, of Deubans, 25-30, 59; effect of school, 34.
  • history, of mataqali, 37-38; of yavusa, 38-42.
  • honesty, of Deubans, 22.
  • hotel, at Navua, 4.
  • houses, description of, 7; size of, 8; furnishings of, 9; names of 9; building of, 12; cleanliness of, 27-28; deserted, 60; of exempted men, 61.
  • hurricane, effect on village, 8.
  • illegitimacy, 24; effect on offspring, 37.
  • improvidence, revealed at Church, 34.
  • income, amount of, 6; of exempted men, 62.
  • indentured labour, 2, 8.
  • Indians, indentured, 2; population, 2; intermarriage with Fijians, 2; in Navua, 4; effect of yaqona on, 17; dominating economic life, 33.
  • individualism, growth of, 63; in western world, 65.
  • iron roofs, value for prestige, 7.
  • ivi (Tahitian chestnut), grove at Dravuni, 4, 35, 46; nuts as food, 10.
  • jealousy, of Europeans, 6; within village, 21.
  • Kadavu island, connection with Deuba, 38.
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  • kadivuka, flying ant, 43, 45.
  • kakana, as totem, 44.
  • kalou vu, ancestor-spirit, 42-43.
  • kikau, as manifestation of vu, 43.
  • kinship, effect of, 39, 41; system of, 47-51; attitudes, 51-52.
  • Korolevu, conflicts with, 38-42.
  • land ownership, 12, 37, 62.
  • lavatories, 28.
  • leaving-age of school children, 31.
  • leisure, employment of, 15.
  • lemons, use of leaves, 10; as food, 10.
  • Lutunasobasoba, leader of later migration, 1; worship of, 42.
  • luve, children, 24, 49.
  • magiti, feast, 39.
  • maia, as omen, 46.
  • makasoi, as totem, 44.
  • manifestations of vu, 43-44.
  • marbles, 15.
  • Mariner, mention of Fiji, 1; mention of whales' teeth, 47.
  • market, at Navua, 12.
  • marriage, following sexual intercourse, 24; infidelity, 24; as linking groups, 38; between cross-cousins, 51-52; within mataqali, 53; ceremonies, 53-58; resulting in population interchange, 60.
  • masi, as clothing, 5; at dances, 6; in houses, 9; presentation of, 41; as marriage costume, 54-56; as mosquito net, 56.
  • matanivanua, spokesmen, 37.
  • mataqali, as land-owning body, 12, 62; as social group, 36-37, 53-58; history, 38; priestly, 42-43; demands of, 62; offences against, 63.
  • mats, size of, 8; sleeping, 9; in houses, 27; presentation of, 41, 53, 55, 58.
  • meals, description of, 9-10.
  • meke, native dance, 16.
  • Melanesian, elements in Fijian culture, 1; features, 7.
  • Methodist mission, 34.
  • Micronesia, origin of fish-hooks, 13.
  • migrations, of early Fijians, 1.
  • milk, use of, 11.
  • minister, 34; presentation to, 54.
  • missionary influence in Deuba, 1, 63.
  • mobilization of Fijians, 63, 65.
  • modesty, 23.
  • moli, exclamation at yaqona ceremony, 19.
  • mosquitoes, prevalance of, 27.
  • mosquito-nets, use of, 9, 27, 56; as gifts, 56.
  • motor-cars, as children's game, 15.
  • music, nature of, 16.
  • Nakauvadra, landing place of migration, 1, 42, 43.
  • nakedness, of children, 6.
  • names, of houses, 9; of mataqali in ceremony, 38; of totems, 44-45.
  • Namosi, conflicts with, 38, 39-41.
  • native magistrate, 5.
  • native medical practitioner, 28-29.
  • Navua, description of township, 4; visited by marriage party, 54.
  • nets, use of, 13, 14, 57.
  • nurse, child-welfare, 29.
  • obedience, of children, 22.
  • officers, in Army, 64.
  • order of serving yaqona, 18, 20.
  • paddy fields, 3.
  • pain, withstood by Fijians, 27.
  • paper-mulberry, for making bark-cloth, 5.
  • payment, in Army, 12; by tabua, 46.
  • paw-paw, as food, 10.
  • perspiring, by Fijians, 26.
  • personal relations, 20.
  • pig's head, as chiefly dish, 40.
  • pillows, use of, 9; tabua as, 47; as marriage-gifts, 56.
  • poisoning, by tuva, 14.
  • political organization, 4-5, 63.
  • Polynesian, elements in Fijian culture, 1; kinship system, 47.
  • population, of group by races, 2; of Deuba, 4; decline in, 59-60; age of, 60-61.
  • pottery, use of, 11; as gifts, 55, 57.
  • prohibition, on mention of totems, 44-45.
  • propaganda, effect of, 64.
  • punts, use of, 13, 15.
  • quarrels, nature of, 21-22; within mataqali, 38; with Korolevu, 39; with Namosi, 39-42; following elopement, 57.
  • racial relations, 63.
  • radio, 22, 64.
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  • rara, courtyard, 55.
  • ratu, as title, 51.
  • reeds, as building material, 7.
  • river, use in sanitation, 28.
  • Rivers, on totemism, 44.
  • roko, Provincial chief, 4; functions of, 5; visits of, 29; attitude toward, 42, 65.
  • roti, unleavened scone, 9-10.
  • sago-palm, see soga.
  • salt, as gift, 53, 55, 57, 58.
  • sawaqa, as totem, 44-45.
  • school, description of, 31-34; influence on Fijian culture, 33.
  • Seniyale, history of mataqali, 38.
  • Serua, political organization of Province, 5; home of yavusa korolevu, 38-39; kinship link with, 53.
  • sevusevu, presentation of yaqona, 20.
  • sex, relations, 23-25; virginity, 23, 56-57; division at Church service, 34; looseness, 63.
  • sickness, attitude toward, 29.
  • sitting, method of, 10; at dances, 16.
  • skin diseases, 26.
  • sleep, hours of, 15.
  • soga, as building material, 7-8.
  • solevu, presentation of gifts, 39.
  • Solomon islanders, at Sadro, 8.
  • songs, description of, 16.
  • smoking, of houses, 7; by young men, 18.
  • soccer, played by children, 15.
  • social organization, 36-37.
  • soups, use of, 11.
  • span of life, 25.
  • spearing, for fish, 14; as game, 15.
  • spitting, 26; in houses, 28.
  • spokesmen, see matanivanua.
  • stamina, of Deubans, 26.
  • status, at yaqona ceremony, 18; of mataqali, 37; of first-born, 53; of Europeans, 63-64.
  • stealing, 22, 63.
  • stone-throwing, as sport, 15; as oath, 40 (footnote).
  • sugar, establishment of industry, 1; presents by company, 7; fondness for, 10.
  • sulu, native dress, 5-6; -ni-vaka-mau, 55.
  • summons, frequency of, 22.
  • Sundays, occupation on, 34.
  • superstition, 46.
  • Suva, population of, 61.
  • swimming, by children, 15.
  • tabua (whale's tooth), carried by messenger, 39; use and origin of, 46-47; in birth-ceremonies, 53; in marriage ceremony, 53; in death ceremonies, 47, 58.
  • taboos, decay of, 23, 63.
  • Tahitian chestnut, see ivi.
  • tank, in village, 28.
  • tanoa, yaqona bowl, 18.
  • tapa, see masi.
  • tapioca root, cassava, 9.
  • taralala, native dance, 16; association of sexes at, 23; during marriage celebrations, 56.
  • taro, see dalo.
  • tauvu rights, nature of, 38.
  • taxes, amount of, 5; earning of, 12; on exempted men, 61.
  • tea, use of, 10, 56.
  • tevoro, evil spirits, 46.
  • tevutevu, spreading of bridal couch, 56-58.
  • tinned foods, 10; popularity of, 62.
  • tokatoka, kinship group, 36.
  • Tongans, trade with Fijians, 47; avoidance customs of, 51 (foot-note).
  • totems, of Deubans, 44-45.
  • towels, as clothing, 6; use when bathing, 27.
  • towns, effect on girls, 24; drift to, 60, 62; attraction of, 60.
  • tracks, condition of, 3-4.
  • traps, for fish, 15.
  • tribute, extorted by Namosi 39.
  • tuberculosis, among Deubans, 26.
  • Tui Namosi, actions of, 39-42.
  • tuva, vine used for poisoning fish, 14.
  • turaga-ni-koro, chief of village, 4; functions of, 12; work of wife, 29; at Church service, 34; dream of, 43; marriage of daughter, 53.
  • turaga-ni-vanua, hereditary chief, 5.
  • ulumatua, first-born, 53.
  • unity, resulting from group organization, 21; totem as symbol of, 45; racial, 64.
  • unu, yaqona strainer, 18.
  • vakalolo, vegetable pudding, 11.
  • vale, thatched house, 7.
  • vasu relationship, 50.
  • vau, forest vine, 13.
  • virginity, of unmarried women, 23-24; of bride, 56-57.
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  • vu, ancestor-spirit, 29, 38, 42-45; physical characteristics, 43; of other mataqaui, 45.
  • Vuanisaqiwa, chiefly mataqali, 37-38.
  • Vunibau, location of settlement, 4; diet at, 11; dances at, 16; yaqona drinking at, 18; ill-feeling toward, 42; medium at, 45.
  • vunivalu, war-chief, 40.
  • vuvula, as totem, 44.
  • war, effects of, 59, 62; on racial relations, 63-65.
  • war-effort, of Fijians, 65.
  • Wainivalau, original home of mataqali, 38; sawaqa at, 44.
  • wells, for bathing, 27.
  • whale's tooth, at yaqona ceremony, 19; see also tabua.
  • whitebait, 15.
  • work, attitude toward, 2, 65; nature of, 12; effect on physique, 26; of exempted men, 62-63.
  • women, work of, 12; fishing by, 13; yaqona drinking by, 18, 55; attitude to totems, 44-45; attitude to husbands, 51; care of new-born child, 53; role in marriage ceremony, 54-57.
  • yaqona (kava), cultivation of, 12, 61; effect of, 17; price of, 18; as offering to vu, 29, 44; in marriage ceremony, 54.
  • yaqona drinking, in houses, 9; during work, 12; at dances, 16; description of, 17-20; effect on society, 20; in honour of vu, 40; in birth ceremonies, 53; in marriage ceremony, 55-57.
  • yavusa, social group, 36, 42.
  • yaws, in Deuba, 27, 30.