JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY
VOLUME V. 1896.
Wellington, N.Z. PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY R. COUPLAND HARDING, FARISH-ST. AGENT FOR AMERICA, REV. S. D. PEET, GOOD HOPE, ILL. 1896 Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 Johnson Reprint Company Limited Berkeley Square House, London, W. 1
UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND LIBRARY
MAORI RESOURCE ROOM
First reprinting, 1965, Johnson Reprint Corporation
Printed in the United States of America
CONTENTS OF VOL. V.
No. 17. March, 1896.
- Constitution of Society, List of Officers and Members v
- Annual Meeting, x; Annual Report of the Council, xi; Balance Sheet xii
- The Maori Tribes of the East Coast of New Zealand—W. E. Gudgeon 1
- The Moriori People of the Chatham Islands—Alexander Shand 13
- Jottings on the Mythology and Spirit-Lore of Old Samoa—Rev. J. B. Stair 33
- The Common Origin of the Oceanic Languages—Sidney H. Ray 58
- Notes and Queries. 80—Supposed Samoan Cap. 81—D'Urville's Visit to New Zealand. 82—Tapuika. 83—Traces of Ancient Human Occupation in Pelorus District. 84—The Song of Kualii. 85—The Word Maoli or Maori 69
- Proceedings of the Society 72
No. 18. June, 1896.
- The Moriori People of the Chatham Islands—Alexander Shand 73
- The Malayo-Polynesian Theory—John Fraser, LL.D. Part ii 92
- The Malayo-Polynesian Theory. Comments on Dr. Fraser's Paper. S. E. Peal, F.R.G.S. 101
- On Some Ancient Stone Implements, Pelorus Sound. (Illustrated.) Joshua Rutland 109
- Te Tangi a Te Rangi-Mauri mo Tonga-Awhikau 112
- The Lament of Rangi-Mauri for Tonga-Awhikau—Translation by Hare Hongi 113
- The Maori and the Moa—Elsdon Best 121
- Supposed Early Mention of New Zealand—G. Collingridge 123
- Remarks on the Legend of Honoura—Rev. Wyatt Gill, LL.D. 125
- Notes and Queries. 86—Supposed Samoan Cap. 87—The Word Maori 128
- Proceedings of the Society 129
No. 19. September, 1896.
- The Moriori People of the Chatham Islands—Alexander Shand 131
- The Story of the Visit of Tonga-iti to Rarotonga—By Manuiri. Translated by Arthur W. Browne, of Rarotonga 142
- The Maori Whare: Notes on the Construction of a Maori House—(Illustrated)—Rev. H. W. Williams 145
- The Story of Whaki-tapui, and Tu-taia-roa—Translated by S. Percy Smith 155
- Te Korero mo Whaki-tapui; mo Tu-taia-roa hoki—Na Kerehoma Tu-wha-whakia, i tuhituhi 163
- Some Folk-songs and Myths from Samoa—John Fraser, LL.D., Sydney 171
- Some Recollections of New Guinea Customs—Whitmore Monckton, Feilding 184
- The Language of Makura, New Hebrides—Edward Tregear 187
- Notes and Queries. 88—Supposed Samoan Cap. 89—The Samoan Cap. 90—Reed-throwing. 91—The Malayo-Polynesian Theory 190
- Proceedings of the Society 193
No. 20. December, 1896.
- The Moriori People of the Chatham Islands—Alexander Shand 195
- The Asiatic Origin of the Oceanic Numerals—Rev. Dr. Macdonald, Efate, New Hebrides 212
- Tama-ahua—Hare Hongi 233
- Settlements of Tahitians and Samoans on Mangareva (Gambier Islands)—Rev. S. Ella 237
- Notes and Queries. 92—Pictures of Tasmanian Aborigines. 93—The Reinga, or Place of Departed Spirits. 94—The Man in the Moon. 95—Polynesian Occupation of Norfolk Island 240
- The late Rev. W. Wyatt Gill, LL.D. 240
- Proceedings of the Society 242
- iv Page is blank
OFFICERS FOR 1896.
Liliuokalani, Ex-Queen of Hawaii.
The Right Rev. W. L. Williams, B.A.
(Bishop of Waiapu).
- The Rev. W. J. Habens, B.A.
- H. Dunbar Johnson.
- J. H. Pope.
- N. J. Tone.
- E. Tregear, F.R.G.S., F.R. Hist. S.
- S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
Joint Hon. Secretaries, and Creasurers, and Editors of Journal:
Ed. Tregear and S. Percy Smith.
THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “The Journal of the Polynesian Society;” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations.
The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.
Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.
Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, and shall receive a copy of the rules; and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year.
Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.
The office of the Society is at present Government Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand.
MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY. 1st January, 1896.
The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.
As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members would supply any omissions, or notify change of residence.
- Liliuokalangi, ex-Queen of Hawaii, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Hon. Sir George Grey, K.C.B., Parnell, Auckland, N.Z.
- F. D. Fenton, Auckland, N.Z.
- Prof. Horatio Hale, M.A., F.R.S.C., Clinton, Ontario, Canada
- Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Wadhurst Rectory, Sussex, England
- Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
- Hon. J. G. Ward, Postmaster-General, Wellington, N.Z.
- Prof. F. Max Müller, M.A., F.R.S., Oxford, England
- Prof. Otis T. Mason, Smithsonian Institute, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Major Keepa Te Rangi-hiwi-nui, Putiki, Wanganui, N.Z.
- Major Ropata Wahawaha, M.L.C., Waiomatatmi, Waiapu, N.Z.
- Rev. Hauraki Paora, Reiweti, Kaipara, Auckland
- Te Aia, Rarotonga Island
- S. H. Peal, Rajmai, Sibsegar, Asam, India
- W. Te Kahui Kararehe, Rahotu, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Rev. Mohi Turei, Waiapu, N.Z.
- Takaanui-Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
- Karipa-te-Whetu, Tikorangi, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
- Aporo-te-Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
- F. W. Christian, Marquesas Islands
- Hare Hongi, Hawera, N.Z.
- Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara, N.Z.
- * Atkinson, A. S., F.L.S., Nelson, N.Z.
- * Adams, C. W. Survey Office, Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Alexander, Hon. W. D., F.R.G.S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- * Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- Aldred, W. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Broderick, J. N., Timaru, N.Z.
- * Birch, W. J., Erewhon, Napier, N.Z.
- * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Barron, A., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Baker, J. H., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Best, Elsdon, Galatea, Auckland, N.Z.
- Barton, Elliott, Le S., Hawera, N.Z.
- * Bishop, Hon. C. R., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- * Brittain, Rev. A., Norfolk Island
- Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- Benn H. R., Galatea, N.Z.
- Bate, A. T., Wellington, N.Z.
- Best, Walter, Otaki, Wellington, N.Z.
- Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
- Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
- Baillie, J., Cuba Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- Beck, Louis, Canala, 75 Phillip Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
- *Chapman, F. R., Dunedin, N.Z.
- *Cowie, Right Rev. W. G., D.D., Bishopscourt, Auckland, N.Z.
- *Campbell, R. E. M., Wanganui, N.Z.
- *Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., St. Kilda, Kogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
- *Chalmers, Rev. James, New Guinea
- *Crompton, A., Port Adelaide, Adelaide, S.A.
- *Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, Wellington, N.Z.
- Claxton, Rev. A. E., Chung King, Hankow, China
- Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Carter, H. C., 212 West 15th Street, New York
- Clark, W. M., Wellington, N.Z.
- Carroll, Hon. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Comins, Rev. R. Blundell, Norfolk Island
- Chambers, T. M., Taunui, Havelock, H.B., N.Z.
- Carrick, R., Invercargill, N.Z.
- Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
- Cooper, Rev. E. K., Leone, Tutuila, Samoa
- Caddick, Miss H., c/o A. Caddick, Esq., West Bromwich, England
- *Davies, G. H., Native Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- *Denniston, The Hon. J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
- Dudley, Ven. Arch. B. T., St. Sepulchre, Auckland, N.Z.
- *Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Emerson, Dr. N. B., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Ewen, C. A., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- *Fraser, J., LL.D., Randwick, Sydney, N.S.W.
- *Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
- Frackleton, Rev. W. S., M.S., B.D., Ranwick, Sydney, N.S.W.
- *Gold Smith, E. C., Survey Office, Gisborne, N.Z.
- *Grace, L. M., Taupo, N.Z.
- *Gudgeon, Judge W. E., Auckland, N.Z.
- *Gill, Rev. W. Wyatt, L.L.D., Perisca, Marrackville, Sydney, N.S.W.
- *Govett, Ven. H., B.A., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- *Gray, Rev. W., Mt. Barker, S.A.
- Gunn, Rev. W., D.D., Futuna, New Hebrides
- Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Mines Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Garnier, J. H., Rarotonga Island
- Gray, W. J., Okato, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Gomez, W. H., Makirikiri-Whanga-nui, N.Z.
- * Habens, Rev. W. J., B.A., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Hursthouse, C. W., Te Kuiti, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Hamilton, A., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Harris, E. F., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Hyde, Rev. C. M., D.D., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- * Henry, Miss Teuira, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- * Hamilton, R. M., Christchurch, N.Z.
- Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Johnston, Dr. D. G., Carterton, N.Z.
- * Johnston, H. Dunbar, N.L. Court, Wellington, N.Z.
- Jackson, F. Arthur, M.B.A.Asso., F.I.Inst., Jacksondale, Fiji Islands
- * Kenny, Hon. C. W. A. T., M.L.C., Picton, N.Z.
- * Kensington, W. C., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
- Kirk, T. W., F.L.S., F.R.M.S., Wellington, N.Z.
- Kühl, W. H., W-Jäger Strasse, Berlin
- Lyons, Curtis J., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Rarotonga Island
- * Large, J. T., Mahurangi, N.Z.
- * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Leefe, H., Resident Commissioner, Rotuma, Fiji Islands
- Lewis, T. H., Hastings, N.Z.
- Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula, New Hebrides
- Lambert, H. A., Mangaone, Eketahuna, Wellington, N.Z.
- Lee, J. B., Waipiro Bay, N.Z.
- Lemon, Dr. C., Palmerston N., N.Z.
- Lamb, Rev. R., M.B., B.D., Ambrym, New Hebrides
- * Murray, Rev. C., M.A., Carterton, N.Z.
- * Marshall, W. S., Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Moss, F. J., British Resident, Rarotonga Island
- Martin, J. C., S.M. Court, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Major, C. E., Hawera, N.Z.
- * MacDonald, Rev. D., Efate, New Hebrides
- Maxwell, C. F., Auckland, N.Z.
- Martin, Dr. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- Mitchell, F. T., Home Rule, N.S.W.
- McArthur, J. P., McArthur & Co., Sydney, N.S.W.
- Morrison, C. B., Wellington, N.Z.
- Mackay, A., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
- Moriceau, E., Canala, New Caledonia
- Mackay, A. W., Tonga Island
- March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
- Meeson, J. T., Fendalton, Christchurch, N.Z.
- * Nelson, C. E., Rotorua, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Nicholas, H., Rarotonga Island
- Nevill, Right Rev. S. T., D.D., Dunedin, N.Z.
- Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Apia, Samoa
- Nicholls, W. E., Paeroa, Auckland, N.Z.
- Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
- Ngata, A. T., Auckland, N.Z.
- * O'Donahoo, A. O'N., Wellington, N.Z.
- Oahu College, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- * Proctor, T., Carterton, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Poutawera, T. G., Native Land Court, Wellington, N.Z.
- Parfit, P. J., Bank of N.Z., Sydney, N.S.W.
- Porter, Lieut.-Col. T. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
- Paige, Rev. W. E., Masterton, Wellington, N.Z.
- Purchas, Rev. A. G., M.R.C.S.E., Grey Street, Auckland, N.Z.
- Parker, Thos., Georgetown N., Queensland
- Pratt, T., M.H.R., Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Pritt, Rev. F. G., Gairlock, Brisbane, Queensland
- Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wellington Road, Eltham, England
- Pratt, R. C., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
- * Reid, W. S., Fitzherbert Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- Roy, R. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Ross, John, R.M., Levuka, Fiji Islands.
- Rendle, J. J., 293 Little Collins Street, Melbourne, Vic.
- * Smith, W. W., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Stack, Rev. J. W., Fendalton, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
- * Smith, H. G. Seth, M.A., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Smith, F. S., Waiau, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Skinner, T. K., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Skinner, J., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Smithsonian Institute, Washington, U.S.A.
- Saxon, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Scannell, D., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- Smith, T. H., Grafton Road, Auckland, N.Z.
- Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Stainton, G., Mangaone, Eketahuna, N.Z.
- Swanwick, S., sen., Picton, N.Z.
- Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Turnbull, A. H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tregear, E., F.R.G.S., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tone, N. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tuta-Tamati, Native Land Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Te Heuheu-Tukino, Taupo, N.Z.
- Thompson, Alex., Bond Street, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Thurston, Sir J. B., K.C.M.G., F.L.S., F.R.G.S., Suva, Fiji Islands
- Trimble, W. H., Survey Department, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Tinline, J., Nelson, N.Z.
- Te Tau, T. Masterton, N.Z.
- Valentine, H.S., Riversdale, N.Z.
- Valder, H., Hunterville, N.Z.
- * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
- * Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wheeler, W. J., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Weetman, S., F.R.G.S., Blenheim, N.Z.
- * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., B.A., Napier, N.Z.
- Williams, Rev. H. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Wilson, D. C., Whangarei, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wideman, Hon. H. A., Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
- White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
- Wilson, A., Whangarei, N.Z.
- Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Honolulu. Hawaiian Islands
- Watt, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides
- * Young, J. L., Tahiti Island
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
ON the 22nd January, 1896, the Annual Meeting of the Society took place in the Lecture Room of the New Zealand Institute, Wellington, the Rev. W. J. Habens, B.A., in the chair.
The Annual Report of the Council and the Accounts for the year 1895 were read, passed, and ordered to be printed in the March number of the Journal. They will be found on the following pages.
The Right Rev. W. Leonard Williams, B.A., Bishop of Waiapu, was re-elected President for the year 1896, and Messrs. J. H. Pope, N. J. Tone, and S. Percy Smith elected Members of the Council; the latter gentleman being also re-elected one of the Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers.
Mr. Alex. Barron was re-elected Hon. Auditor, and thanked for his past services.
A vote of thanks to the Chairman and Secretaries concluded the meeting.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY FOR 1895.
THE Council has much pleasure in presenting to the Annual Meeting of the Society its fourth Report on the doings of the Society, for the twelve months ended the 31st December, 1895.
During the period under consideration our membership has fallen off slightly, but not to any great extent. Ten members resigned, the reasons stated being their inability to continue their subscriptions, whilst ten members have been struck off the roll for non-payment of their subscriptions. On the other hand, eleven new members have been elected. The following is therefore the statement of our strength on the 31st December, 1895:—
Our total membership at the end of the previous period was 209. We are happy to state that we have suffered no loss through death during the past year.
The officers of the Society remain as at the date of the Annual Meeting held on the 21st February, 1895, with the exception that Mr J. H. Baker retired from the Council, and Mr H. Dunbar Johnson was elected by the Council in his place. The Council held eight meetings during the past period for the election of members and consideration of other business of the Society. The Council regrets much that they have been deprived of the countenance and assistance of the President at its meetings. His residence in a part of the country distant from the head quarters, precluded his attendance.
The supply of original papers—many of them of great value—continues to be greater than can be published in the pages of the Journal. During the last year, 33 papers were received, besides notes, which is the same number as for the year previous. Many of these have been published already; the rest remain for future production, or for translation. During the four years of our existence the Council has received 135 original papers on subjects connected with our objects.
The Journal has been published with tolerable regularity at the end of each quarter. The four numbers forming the fourth volume of the Society's Transactions and Proceedings contain 300 pages, being 54 more than in the previous volume. The exchanges with other Societies, and the copies sent to public institutions, numbered 52, being somewhat less than for the previous year. In exchange, we have received a large number of publications, many of them of great value in connection with our special studies.
The Council are glad to report that the finances are fairly satisfactory, though, owing to several members being in arrear with their subscriptions, the sum total received is less by £40 than it should be. It will be observed from the attached accounts that the expenses amounted to £223 12s 6d, as against £268 2s 5d received, leaving a balance of £44 9s 11d, in hand, against which there are libilities amounting to about £40. The capital amount stands at £38 9s 4d, which is invested at 5 per cent. It is hoped that this fund will go on increasing until the interest on it can be made available for the publication of special papers. The capital itself, according to the rules of the Society, cannot be touched.
S. PERCY SMITH, Hon. Secretaries.
Ed. TREGEAR, Hon. Secretaries.
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