Volume 73 1964 > Volume 73, No. 1 > Notes and news, p 1 - 6
- 1 Page is blank- 2
FRONTISPIECE A PATAKA KUWAHA, IN THE STAATLICHE MUSEEN BERLIN-DAHLEM, WEST BERLIN.- 3
(Photograph by courtesy of the Museum)
NOTES AND NEWS
This Journal's present cover was designed by Robert Lowry, a distinguished Auckland typographer whose recent untimely death left a noticeable gap in those Auckland cultural circles within which we who produce the Journal often find convivial company. Bob Lowry's original design did not contain the vertical white rule that has run down the left-hand margin of our front cover in recent years. The whim of a former editor, it offended Lowry, who often suggested that we remove it. We very much regret that Bob Lowry did not live to see us restore his original cover design.
Professor Paul Beadle, Professor of Fine Arts at the University of Auckland, who advised us on the typographical changes that we have made in this issue, suggested that new colours might better display the elegant qualities of Bob Lowry's original cover design, and we have therefore changed colour. We thank Paul Beadle for his generous advice on the Journal's typography and lay-out.
The frontispiece for this issue of the Journal was sent to us by Mr. W. J. Phillipps, formerly Ethnologist at the Dominion Museum, who has also supplied the following comment on it:
“During a trip around the world which we made in 1958, my wife and I visited the Staatliche Museen Berlin-Dahlem, West Berlin. The object of our visit was to ascertain whether any of the precious Maori material held by this Museum had suffered war damage. One of the most important items was the Maru pataka already described in my Dominion Museum Monograph No. 8, Maori Houses and Food Stores (1952), at page 134. All items had been carefully preserved through the war period and representative examples of the most striking objects were on display.
“In the Museum's collection there is a pataka kuwaha not mentioned in my monograph (1952). The carving is of the highest type illustrating an ancestor with typical head adorned with rauponga and its body with tara tara o kai. Small human figures which fill spaces at the sides of the head, as well as one on the body, are also so adorned. In all, the carving belongs to the highest order of Maori productions of its kind. It probably dates from last century.”
We welcome fine-quality photographs of ethnological interest for consideration as frontispieces, and we hope to publish a frontispiece with each issue of the Journal in future.- 4
Victoria University of Wellington, soon to establish a Department of Anthropology and Maori Studies, has appointed Dr. Marie Reay, a graduate of Sydney University and recently a Research Fellow at the Australian National University, to the chair. Dr. Reay has done a great deal of ethnographic field-work among Australian aborigines and in New Guinea. We congratulate her on her appointment and express our hope that the new department will in due course contribute greatly to the development of anthropology in New Zealand (and thus to the contents of this Journal).
The Polynesian Society's president, Mr. J. M. McEwen, was recently appointed permanent Secretary of the New Zealand Department of Maori Affairs. We congratulate Mr. McEwen on his appointment, which has gratified all those who appreciate his great knowledge of, and regard for, the peoples of Polynesia. It is rare to find man and job so well suited to each other. Mr. McEwen, formerly Secretary of the Department of Island Territories, has been a life-long scholar of Maori traditions and Maori culture.
Anthropology is developing rapidly at the University of Otago, where Dr. John Harré, who took a doctorate in social anthropology at the London School of Economics and Political Science, has joined archaeologist Peter Gathercole on the staff of the Anthropology Department. We welcome him back to his homeland. Mr. L. M. Groube has also been appointed to the staff of the Anthropology Department at Otago. Professor J. G. Clark, Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at Cambridge University, spent first term this year as Visiting Professor at Otago. He also visited the Anthropology Department at the University of Auckland. Professor Clark has a strong connection with archaeology in New Zealand: three of his students at Cambridge—Mr. Jack Golson, Mr. Peter Gathercole, and Mr. Wilfred Shawcross—have taught archaeology in New Zealand universities.
New Zealand's professional archaeologists and social anthropologists were dispersed widely during the recent summer vacation.
With several assistants Mr. Roger Green, Senior Lecturer in Prehistory at the University of Auckland, conducted excavations in Samoa. Dr. Roger Duff, Director of the Canterbury Museum, directed archaeological field-work in Rarotonga. Mr. Peter Gathercole, from the University of Otago, worked with a team of assistants at Pitcairn Island. These three archaeological research projects were financed by a grant from the United States National Science Foundation, administered through the Bernice P. Bishop Museum.
Dr. Ralph Bulmer, Dr. Bruce Biggs, and Mr. Andrew Pawley, all from Auckland University, worked among the small-statured Karam people of the Kaironk Valley, in the interior of New Guinea. Dr. Jeremy Beckett, Lecturer in Social Anthropology at Auckland University, made a brief return visit to the half-caste aboriginal people of western New South Wales among whom he worked some years ago. Dr. Murray Groves, Associate Professor in Social Anthropology at Auckland University, paid a brief visit to Noumea and then spent some weeks among the Motu people in the vicinity of Port Moresby on the south-eastern coast of New Guinea, where he has done field-work on several previous occasions. Mr. Wilfred Shawcross, Lecturer in Prehistory at Auckland University, went less far from home: he conducted excavations at Ongare Point in the Auckland Province.- 5
Contributions to the Journal are not arriving as often as we wish, and we are anxious to receive many more than we do. This is one of the oldest predominantly anthropological journals in the world, and it is by many years the longest-established journal publishing material on the peoples of Oceania. A good proportion of our 1,100 subscriptions come from overseas universities and scholars interested in the Polynesians and other peoples of the South Pacific, but we also have many non-professional subscribers in New Zealand and other parts of Polynesia who have a keen and informed interest in the peoples of the Pacific. We seek contributions that will interest either or both kinds of reader, and we welcome contributions from professional and amateur scholars equally. At the moment we are able to offer almost immediate publication of the manuscripts that we accept. We like to maintain a balance, if possible, between contributions on Polynesians and contributions on other peoples of the Pacific; between history, social anthropology, linguistics, archaeology, and other related disciplines; and between the interests of our amateur and professional readers.
We also hope to deal in each issue with topical issues (in the “Commentary” section of the Journal) and to provide notes and news of interest to our members (in this new editorial section, “Notes and News”), in addition to maintaining a steady flow of major scholarly papers, shorter communications, and book reviews. To achieve the editorial perfection that we seek, we need more contributions, and therefore urge those who read this Journal to write for it too. We shall be grateful for anything that we receive, be it a small item of personal news for this section of the Journal or a fifty-page scholarly paper.
We wish to revive “Commentary”, a section of the Journal which has recently lapsed and for which again we have received no suitable material from contributors. In “Commentary” we present topics that are contemporary, or contentious, or both. For our next issue we have been promised a New Zealand politician's discussion of his recent trip to Samoa and the Cook Islands, some accounts of the first large-scale national election in Papua and New Guinea, and some comments on Fiji's political future. We urgently require other contributions for future issues.
Though Australia and South-east Asia commanded more attention than New Zealand and Oceania in the Anthropology Section's programme at the recent Congress of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Canberra from 19th to 23rd January, there were several symposia of interest to our readers. “Polynesian Populations in New Zealand and the South Seas” contained papers entitled “Current trends in Polynesian populations” (Norma McArthur), “The Maori population boom and its implications” (D. I. Pool), and “Social and personal factors in Maori migration” (J. E. Ritchie). Under the heading “Malayo-Polynesian Linguistics”, there were papers entitled “Lexicostatistic analysis of the languages of Choiseuil, B.S.I.” (A. Capell), “Tagalog verbal affixes -um and -mag” (R. S. Pittman), and “Motu and police Motu: typological contrasts” (S. A. Wurm). Among the individual papers, F. W. Shawcross read one entitled “The analysis of flake industries in New Zealand”. B. L. Verma discussed “Social change among the Mailu, south-east Papua”.
A number of New Zealand academics—past, present, or future—were among those who contributed to the final symposium of the week, “Political Development in Australia's Near North”. (We were tempted to wonder whether - 6 this was why a number of the host university's experts on government in New Guinea and the South Pacific stayed away.) F. J. West, formerly lecturer at the Victoria University of Wellington, introduced the symposium; M. C. Groves, from the University of Auckland, spoke on “Politics in Port Moresby”; P. Lawrence, Senior-Lecturer at the University of Sydney, read a paper on “Coastal Melanesia”; Marie Reay, recently appointed to the chair of anthropology at Victoria University of Wellington, dealt with recent political developments in the Highlands of Australian New Guinea; and J. R. Beckett, Lecturer at the University of Auckland, discussed “The Torres Straits Islands”.
Notes on some of the contributors to this issue: T. BARROW is Curator of Ethnology at the Dominion Museum, Wellington, New Zealand; LINCOLN H. DAY is an American demographer who spent some time last year at the Australian National University as Visiting Fellow in Demography; ROGER DUFF is Director of the Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand; SAMUEL H. ELBERT, Professor of Anthropology in the University of Hawaii, is a linguist with an interest in folklore; NIEL GUNSON is Research Fellow in Pacific History at the Australian National University; JOHN HARRÉ is Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Otago; BRETT HILDER, gregarious and red-bearded captain of Burns Philp's passenger liner “Bulolo”, is also an artist, writer and scholar, with a wide firsthand knowledge of the South Seas; ALAN HOWARD is on the staff of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii; WILLIAM A. LESSA is Professor of Anthropology on the Los Angeles campus of the University of California; M. N. LOVEGROVE is a Lecturer in the Education Faculty at the University of Auckland; KENNETH MADDOCK, who recently graduated M.A. with First Class Honours in Anthropology from the University of Auckland, is now working among aboriginal Australians on a grant from the Australian Aboriginal Institute; BRUCE PALMER is Director of the Fiji Museum, Suva; RALPH PIDDINGTON, who occupies the foundation chair of Anthropology at the University of Auckland, studied psychology before he took up anthropology; WILFRED SHAWCROSS is Lecturer in Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Auckland; PHILIP SNOW has retired from the Government Service in Fiji and now teaches at a school in England; F. H. A. G. ZWART, Lecturer in Geography at the University of Auckland, was formerly on the staff of the Department of Native Affairs in Netherlands New Guinea (as it then was).