JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
Vol. VII. 1898.
WELLINGTON, N. Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY WHITCOMBÉ AND TOMBS LIMITED, LAMBTON QUAY. AGENT FOR AMERICA: REV. S. D. PEET, EDITOR OF “THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARY,” CHICAGO. 1898. Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 Johnson Reprint Company Limited Berkeley Square House, London, W. 1
UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND LIBRARY
MAORI RESOURCE ROOM
First reprinting, 1965, Johnson Reprint Corporation
Printed in the United States of America
CONTENTS OF VOL. VII.
No. 25.—March, 1898.
- Constitution of Society, List of Officers and Members i-vi
- Annual Meeting and Annual Report of the Council vii
- Balance-Sheet ix
- The Malayo-Polynesian Theory. John Fraser, LL.D., Sydney. Part iii 1
- Folk-Songs and Myths from Samoa. John Fraser, LL.D., Sydney. XIX.—Legends about Sangatea. XX.—O le Solo ia Sagatea (ii). XXI.—Lau-ti-o-vunia. XXII.—Lau-ti-vunia. XXIII.—Lau-ti-vunia 15
- He kupu mo runga i ta T. Tarakawa korero nei, “Te Haerenga mai o Mata-atua i Hawaiki.” Na Tutaka Ngahau, of Maunga-pohatu 30
- Notes on T. Tarakawa's “The Coming of the Mata-atua Canoe.” Translation by Elsdon Best 32
- Concerning Whare-kura : its Philosophies and Teachings. Hare Hongi 35
- Governor King's Visit to New Zealand, 1793. F. R. Chapman 42
- Notes on the Palolo. Benedict Friedlaender, Ph.D., of Berlin 44
- The Kiore Maori or Native Rat. Elsdon Best 47
- The Names and Movements of the Heavenly Bodies, as looked at from a Samoan Point of view. Rev. J. B. Stair 48
- Notes and Queries. 111—Maori Burial. 112—Old Samoa. 113—Funafuti Atoll. 114—Rarotonga Papers. 115—Maori Dictionary 50
- Proceedings of the Society 52
No. 26.—June, 1898.
- Te Tatau-o-te-Po. Na W. Te Kahui Kararehe 55
- Te Tatau-o-te-Po (The Door of Hades or Death). W. Te Kahui Kararehe, of Taranaki. Translated by S. Percy Smith 59
- Table of Letter-changes in the Dialects of Ponape and Kusaie (Eastern Carolines). F. W. Christian, B.A. 64
- The Moriori People of the Chatham Islands. Alexander Shand. Chap. xiv.: Tawhaki 73
- Maya and Malay. Professor Cyrus Thomas, Bureau of Ethnology, Washington, U.S.A. 89
- Notes on Maya and Malay. Edward Tregear 101
- The Origin of the name Tahiti: As related by Marerenui, a native of Faaiti Island, Paumotu Group. J. L. Young 109
- Kiwa, the Navigator (collected from Wi Pere). Edward Tregear 111
- Koruru, the Maori game of “Knuckle-bone.” F. R. Chapman 114
- Notes and Queries. 116—The Karaka Tree. 117—The Pukatea. 118—The Aute. 119—Ti-tawhiti. 120—Kowhai-ngutu-kaka (parrot-beak) 115
- Proceedings of the Society 118
No. 27.—September, 1898.
- Omens and Superstitious Beliefs of the Maori. Elsdon Best 119
- Hawaiki: The Whence of the Maori. S. Percy Smith 137
- Te Reinga. Taylor White 178
- The History of Tahiti. Miss Teuira Henry 182
- Proceedings of the Society 184
No. 28.—December, 1898.
- Hawaiki: The Whence of the Maori. Part ii. S. Percy Smith 185
- Nuku-oro Vocabulary 224
- Omens and Superstitious Beliefs of the Maori. Part ii. Elsdon Best 233
- Spurious Stone Implements. W. W. Smith 244
- Notes and Queries. 121—The Samoan Taumua-lua 122 - Birds of Rarotonga 247
- Proceedings of the Society 248
OFFICERS FOR 1898.
Liliuokalani, Ex-Queen Of Hawaii.
The Rev. W. J. Habens, B.A.
- J. H. Pope
- C A. Ewen.
- R. B. Roy.
- N. J. Tone.
- E. Tregear, F.R. Hist. S.
- S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
Joint Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers, and Editors of Journal:
Ed. Tregear and S. Percy Smith.
THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Pilology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “The Journal of the Polynesian Society;” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations.
The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.
Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.
Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, and shall receive a copy of the rules; and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year.
Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.
The office of the Society is at present Government Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand.
The price of back numbers of the Journal, to members, is 2s. 6d.
MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
1st of January, 1898.
The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.
As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any omissions, or notify change of residence.
- Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Right Hon. Sir George Grey, K.C.B., P.C., London
- F. D. Fenton, Auckland, N.Z.
- Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Wadhurst Rectory, Sussex, England
- Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
- Hon. J. G. Ward, M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
- Prof. F. Max Müller, M.A., F.R.S., Oxford, England
- Prof. Otis T. Mason, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Major Keepa Te Rangi-hiwi-nui, Putiki, Wanganui, N.Z.
- W. Te Kahui Kararehe, Rahotu, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Rev. Mohi Turei. Waiapu, N.Z.
- Takaanui-Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
- Karipa-Te-Whetu, Tikorangi, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
- Aporo-Te-Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
- F. W. Christian, Tenterfield House, Putney Hill, London, S.W.
- Hare Hongi, Hawera, N.Z.
- Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara, N.Z.
- Rev. J. B. Stair, St. Arnaud, Victoria
- Rev. Samuel Ella, Rathmore, Petersham, Sydney
- Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti. (Elected 31/1/98.)
- Pa-ariki, Ngatangiia, Rarotonga. (Elected 31/1/98.)
- Rev. J. E. Moultan, Newington College, Stanmore, Sydney. (Elected 31/1/98.)
- * Atkinson, A. S., F.L.S., Nelson, N.Z.
- * Adams, C. W., Survey Office, Blenheim, N.Z.
- * Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Alexander, Hon. W. D., F.R.G.S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Aldred, W. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- Atkinson, Ronald, Wellington, N.Z.
- Aitken, J. G. W., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Broderick, J. N., Timaru, N.Z.
- * Birch, W. J., Erewhon, Napier, N.Z.
- * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Barron, A., Survey Department, Wellington, N,Z.
- * Baker, J. H., London
- * Best, Elsdon, Rua-tahuna, Rotorua, N.Z.
- * Bishop, Hon. C. R., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- * Brittain, Rev. A., 119, Cambridge Gardens, N. Kensington, London
- Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- Bate, A. T., Wellington, N.Z.
- Best, Walter, Te Horo, Wellington, N.Z.
- Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
- Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
- Benn, H. R., Galatea, N.Z.
- Bettany, J. H., Marton, N.Z.
- * Chapman, F. R., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Cowie, Right Rev. W. G., D.D., Primate of N.Z., Bishopscourt, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., St. Kilda, Koogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
- * Chalmers, Rev. James, F.R.G.S., New Guinea
- * Crompton, A., Port Adelaide, Adelaide, S.A.
- * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
- Claxton, Rev. A. E., Chung King, Hankow, China
- Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Carter, H. C., 233 Fifth Avenue, New York
- Carroll, Hon. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Comins, Rev. R. Blundell, Norfolk Island
- Carrick, R., Invercargill, N.Z.
- Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
- Cooper, Rev. E. V., Leone, Tutuila, Samoa
- Caddick, Miss H., c/o A. Caddick, Esq., West Bromwich, England
- Carnachan, F. M., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Cooper, Theo., Auckland, N.Z.
- Castle, G. P., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Churchill, W., Denver, Col., U.S.A. (Elected 25/1/98.)
- Davies, Henry, Napier, N.Z.
- * Denniston, The Hon. J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
- D'Albirtis, Captain, E. A., Genoa, Italy
- Doty, W. Lamb, U.S. Consul, Tahiti. (Elected 25/1/98.)
- Dufaur, E. T,, Auckland, N.Z. (Elected 25/1/98.)
- * Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Emerson, Dr. N. B., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Ewen, C. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Fraser, J., LL.D., Newland St., Waverley, N.S.W.
- * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
- Friedlander, R., Carlstrasse 11, Berlin, N.W.
- Freedlaender, Dr. B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
- Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
- * Gold-Smith, E. C., Survey Office, Napier, N.Z.
- * Grace, L. M., Taupo, N.Z.
- * Gudgeon, W. E., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Govett, Ven. H., B.A., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Gunn, Rev. W., D.D., Futuna, Hew Hebrides
- Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
- Garnier, J. H., Rarotonga Island
- Gully, H. V., Nelson, N.Z.
- Gurr, C. W., Samoa. (Elected 21/1/98.)
- * Habens, Rev. W. J., B. A., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Hursthouse, C. W., Te Kuiti, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Hamilton, A., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Harris, E. F., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Hyde, Rev. C. M., D.D., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- * Henry, Miss Teuira, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
- Harris, Christopher, Auckland, N.Z.
- Haggard, F. C. D., London, E.C.
- Heatly, F. J., Dunedin, N.Z.
- Hislop, J., Hawera, N.Z.
- Harper, W. R., Ashfield, Sydney
- Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., Rarotonga. (Elected 25/1/98.)
- * Johnston, Dr. D. G., Carterton, N.Z.
- * Johnston, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- Jackson, F. Arthur, M.B.A.Asso., F.I.Inst., Jackson Dale, Fiji Islands
- * Kenny, Hon. C. W. A. T., M.L.C., Picton, N.Z.
- * Kensington, W. C., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
- Kühl, W. H., W.Jäger Strasse, Berlin
- * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Aitutaki Island
- * Large, J. T., Lower Matakana, N.Z.
- * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula. New Hebrides
- Lambert, H. A., Mangaone. Eketahuna, Wellington, N.Z.
- Lee. J. B., Waipiro Bay, N.Z.
- Lamb, Rev. R., M.B., B.D., Ambrym, New Hebrides
- Lambert, J. S., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Murray, Rev. C., M.A., Carterton, N.Z.
- * Marshall, W. S., Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Moss, F. J., British Resident, Rarotonga Island
- * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Major, C. E., Hawera, N.Z.
- * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D., Efate, New Hebrides
- Maxwell, E. F., Auckland, N.Z.
- Martin, Dr. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- Mitchell, F. T., Home Rule, N.S.W.
- McArthur, J. P., McArthur & Co., Sydney, N.S.W.
- * Mackay, A., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
- Mackay, A. W., Newington College, Stanmore, Sydney
- March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
- Meeson, J. T., Fendalton, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Mair, Captain G. W., F.L.S., Thames, N.Z
- Monckton, W., New Guinea
- Maginnis, C., Tonga Island
- McCullock, W. F., Hawthorne, Melbourne
- Marshall, J. W., Marton, N.Z.
- Marshall, H. H., Marton, N.Z.
- * Nelson, C. E., Rotorua, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Nicholas, H., Rarotonga Island
- Nevill, Right Rev. S. T., D.D., Bishop of Dunedin, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Apia, Samoa
- Nicholls, W. G., Paeroa, Auckland, N.Z.
- Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
- Ngata, A. T., M.A., LL.B., Auckland, N.Z.
- * O'Donahoo, A. O'N., Wellington, N.Z.
- Oahu College, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- O'Keefe, D. D., Yap, Caroline Islands
- * Proctor, T., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Phillips, Coleman, Featherstone, N.Z.
- * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Parfit, P. J., Bank of N.Z., Sydney, N.S.W.
- Porter, Lieut.-Col. T. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
- Purchas, Rev. A. G., M.R.C.S.E., Grey Street, Auckland, N.Z.
- Parker, Thos., Georgetown, N. Queensland
- Pratt, T., M.H.R., Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Pritt, Rev. F. G., Gairlock, Brisbane, Queensland
- Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wellington Road, Eltham, England
- Pratt, R. C., Wellington, N.Z.
- Parsons, J. A., Christchurch, N.Z.
- * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
- * Reid, W. S., Fitzherbert Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Roy, R. B., Wellington, N.Z.
- Redwood, J. H., Blenheim, N.Z.
- * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Stack, Rev. J. W., Fendalton, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
- * Smith, H. G. Seth, M.A., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Smith, F. S., Kaikoura, N.Z.
- * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Skinner, J., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Saxon, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Scannell, D., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- Smith, T. H., Grafton Road, Auckland, N.Z.
- Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Stainton, G., Rongomai, Pahiatua, N.Z.
- Swanwick, S., sen., Picton, N.Z.
- Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Skertchley, E., Hong Kong
- Turnbull, A H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tone, N. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Trimble, W. H., Survey Department, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Tinline, J., Nelson, N.Z.
- Turner, A., Chatham Islands
- Tait, P. W., Wellington, N.Z. (Elected 25/1/98.)
- Valentine, H. S., Riversdale, N.Z.
- Valder, H., Hunterville, N.Z.
- * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
- * Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wheeler, W. J., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Weetman, S., F.R.G.S., Christchurch, N.Z.
- * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., B.A., Rishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
- Williams, Rev. H. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Wilson, D. C., Whangarei, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wideman, Hon. H. A., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
- White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
- Wilson, A., Whangarei, N.Z.
- Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
- Watt, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides
- Wake, R., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Watt, F. F., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Williams, F. W., Napier, N.Z.
- * Young, J. L., Tahiti Island
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
THE usual Annual Meeting of the Society was held in the Lecture Room of the New Zealand Institute, Wellington, N.Z., on the 31st January, 1898, Mr. J. H. Pope, a member of the Council, in the chair.
The Annual Report of the Council and the Accounts for the year 1897 were read, passed, and ordered to be printed in the March number of the Journal. They will be found below.
The Rev. W. J. Habens, B.A., was re-elected President for the year 1898, and Messrs. N. J. Tone, E. Tregear, H. B. Roy, and C. A. Ewen elected Members of the Council; Mr. E. Tregear was re-elected one of the Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers.
Mr. Alex. Barron was re-elected Hon. Auditor, and thanked for his past services.
Votes of thanks to the Chairman and Hon. Secretaries concluded the business of the meeting.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL.
Presented at the Annual Meeting, January 31, 1898, in terms of Rule No. 13.
NO very special features have marked the proceedings of the Society during the past twelve months; matters have gone on smoothly through the willing co-operation of members of the Council. At the end of the sixth year of its existance, the Council may fairly congratulate the members, on having passed through the difficulties incident to the establishment of a new Scientific body, and we may now reasonably look forward to a career of continued usefulness in the future. One of the main objects with which the Society was founded, was the collection and publication of original matter pertaining to the Polynesian Race. This has been kept in view, and the Council thinks that a perusal of the six volumes of the Society's Transactions will warrant any unbiassed mind in acknowledging that the existence of the Society has been justified. It is clear that a large amount of original matter—not, of course, of equal value—has been rescued from oblivion and made available to students, which otherwise would have been lost. But more remains to be done. The amount of original matter remaining in the hands of the Society is large, and most of it, as yet, not translated from the Polynesian dialects in which it is expressed. To enable this to be accomplished, a larger membership is necessary. It will be seen from the following figures that our progress in that direction is not so great as could be wished.
On the 31st December there were—
The figures for the previous year were 206, of whom 182 were ordinary members.
Death has been busy amongst our members this last year. We have to deplore the loss of three ordinary members, one honorary, and three corresponding members. Amongst these are some well known names: Sir John Thurston, Governor of Fiji; Prof. Horatio Hale, the well-known Ethnologist of the United States Exploring Expedition; T. G. Poutawera, a member of the Council; S. E. Peal, an ardent Ethnologist and the author of several papers in our Journal; and the Hon. Major Ropata Wahawaha, M.L.C., our staunchest ally in the Maori war.
The Journal has been published with tolerable regularity at the end of each quarter; it forms the largest volume yet issued, there being—including supplement—339 pages as against 300 pages in Volume IV.
One of our Secretaries has lately returned from a six months visit to several of the Islands of the Pacific, a voyage which was undertaken specially with the object of obtaining information as to several points in Polynesian history which required clearing up. A very considerable measure of success was the result, and the Society will in consequence be the richer by the publication in its Journal of much new and valuable matter. The loan was obtained of two valuable MSS., the one relating to the history of the Rarotongan—and with them the Maori—occupation of the Central and Western Pacific, and their subsequent migrations, for which we are indebted to the Rev. J. J. K. Hutchin of Rarotonga; the other is the collection of ancient chants of the Marquesans, made by Mr. Lawson many years ago, lent to the Society for publication by our respected member, Prof. W. D. Alexander, F.R.G.S., of Honolulu. These, with other matter, and the views formed by our Secretary resulting from his enquiries will be duly published in the Journal during the coming year.
Financially, the Society is sound, but the Council regrets that there are more arrears of subscriptions than there ought to be. On the 31st December, 1897, there were 18 members in arrear for one year, and 9 members for two years. These last will be dealt with by the Council at their next meeting. In this latter class are some members who, from their position, should be the last to allow their names to appear in a defaulter's list. We commenced the year with a balance of £21 16s. 6d. and end with a credit of £11 16s. 11d., against which there are liabilities that about cover it.
The capital account now amounts to £52 18s. 10d.
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