Volume 86 1977 > Volume 86, No. 1 > Notes and news, p 3-6
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The December 1976 Issue: A Second Edition

In the early morning of Saturday, April 23, 1977, the Wellington premises of the Journal printer were almost completely destroyed by fire. The December 1976 issue of the Journal, ready for delivery to the Society's office for mailing, went up in smoke. During the following week, production began again. The fire has been a severe setback to efforts by the printer and the editor to get the publication of the Journal on schedule.

A Note from the Archive of Maori and Pacific Music

Professor Bruce Biggs has provided the following information:

“Mr Joe Karetai has recently made available to the Archive of Maori and Pacific Music, for copying, a tape-recording of an informal talk by Sir Apirana Ngata on the traditions regarding migrations to New Zealand, and the Io cult. The surface noise on the tape suggests that it was itself copied from a discrecording, though it is known that the talk was originally recorded on a tape-recorder (see below).

In JPS 59:335-48 under the title “The Io Cult — Early Migration — Puzzle of the Canoes” was published a transcript, abridged and adapted, of a taperecording of an unrehearsed talk by Sir Apirana Ngata made by Mr, now Sir, John te Herekiekie Grace. The recording seems to have been made just months before Sir Apirana's death in 1950. The tape under discussion is a copy of the original recording. It contains some material not in the published transcription. On the other hand, the last five pages of the published version do not appear on our tape. The published version was republished in Sir Apirana Ngata Memorial Tribute, The Polynesian Society, Wellington, 1951, pp. 69-80.

This acquisition to the Archive is of particular value, not only because it is perhaps the longest sound recording we have of Sir Apirana's voice, but also because it contains his rendering of a number of Maori proper names whose pronunciation was hitherto unknown, or in dispute because of the unsatisfactory nature of an orthography which does not mark vowel quantity. Among these words, which are given here in double-vowel orthography and in accordance with Ngata's pronunciation, are Aarai-te-uru, Mata-whao-rua, Maahanga-a-tuamatua, Raa-wheoro, Mataora, Pani-tiinaku, Kupe, Ngahue, Maaui-tikitiki-a-Taaranga, Raakai-hau-tuu, Te Huri-puurei-ata, Nuku-tere, Maangaarara, Porou-rangi, Tahu, Tootoo (daughter of Turi), Kura-maro-tini (wife of Kupe), Taakitimu, Raataa-nui (the point at Cape Runaway where the canoes landed), Te Ririno, Poo-toru.

It should be noted that in the published transcript of this talk not only are all Maori forms given without any indication of vowel quantity, but a number of them are rendered quite incorrectly, for example waka tau for waka taurua, Rakeiora for Raa-wheoro, Purumaruwhenua for Kura-maro-tini, Matahourua for Mata-whaorua.”

(The reference number of the Archive copy of this tape is 77/005.)

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Supplying Offprints to Authors

The Journal policy regarding free offprints to authors was announced in March 1976 “Notes and News”: five free copies to authors of shorter communications and reviews, 20 free copies to authors of main articles and review articles. The policy is still in effect and seems to be satisfactory. The situation with regard to additional offprints beyond the gratis ones — for which the author is billed — has not been very clear for a number of reasons and this is not satisfactory. Therefore, the editor has decided to make the policy explicit. Authors of main articles and review articles may order additional offprints. The present rates appear in December 1975 “Notes and News”, but due to rising costs these will probably have to be increased in the near future. Authors of shorter communications, reviews and correspondence will not have the opportunity of ordering additional copies of their contributions. This restriction is primarily to protect unwitting authors from unexpected charges — 20 copies of a two-page review or a half-page letter will cost the author $18.00. There are cheaper ways of getting additional copies! Also, for the Society, arranging and processing offprint requests taxes the limited staff; therefore, the procedures must be simplified. We cannot meet requests for additional copies.

Illustrative Material for Journal Contributions

During the past year, the Journal has been printed by offset rather than by letterpress. Using this method, significant savings are made in reproducing illustrative material because no blocks are needed. Even photographs, which previously had to be printed on special glossy paper and then inserted by hand into each copy, can now be printed together with the text. In any case, costs now make such special handling of illustrative material impossible. Therefore, authors are requested to submit all photographs, figures and maps in the form they wish them to appear in the Journal. All such materials should be submitted as glossy photographs of the appropriate size. Journal page size is 7½ inches by 4¼ inches; space should be allowed for captions. Photographs of poor quality will not reproduce well and will not be used.

Pacific Manuscript Bureau Activities Curtailed

The October-December 1976 newsletter Pambu announced that the “ . . . Bureau will operate on only a modified scale from mid-February 1977 to mid-February 1979 because of the award of a two-year research fellowship . . . to the Bureau's executive officer”. During this period, Pambu will not be published, and active search and microfilming activities will be suspended. However, indexing work will continue and limited funds will be available for the microfilming of documents brought to the Bureau's attention. Distribution of films to member libraries and to other libraries on request will also continue.

New Director of Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research in Papua New Guinea

On April 1 of this year Dr John Conroy will replace Dr R. J. May as Director of the Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research, which took over from the Australian National University's New Guinea Research Unit in early 1976. - 5 Dr Conroy has been involved in Papua New Guinea research since 1970, mostly in the fields of education and migration, and is a senior lecturer in the Department of Economics at UPNG. Dr May, who will be returning to ANU worked to establish the Institute, and appreciation of his contribution was expressed at the time his successor was announced.

At a seminar held in March 1976, the needs and priorities in social and economic research were discussed, which led to the formulation of a programme for the future. This programme concentrates on four areas: assessment of government services, population policy, migration and urbanisation, economic policies with respect to trade and stabilisation. “In addition to the recruitment of a small number of experienced research staff from overseas, the Institute is concerned with the establishment of local research capacity and also hopes to be able to employ officers from within the public service and the Universities for short periods on a secondment basis.”

Contributors of Articles to this Issue

Emily Ross Mulloy is a graduate student in anthropological linguistics at the University of Wyoming. She first visited Easter Island for a year in 1960 with her husband, a teacher of anthropology at the above University, and their three children. She has visited Easter Island three times since 1972 and is studying the effects of culture change on the Rapanui language.

Sergio Alejo Rapu, an Easter Islander, has been curator of the Easter Island Museum since 1970. He obtained degrees in teaching and museology in Santiago, Chile, has studied anthropology at the Universities of Wyoming and Hawaii, and has been an informant for classes in linguistics. Presently, he is a degree student in the East-West Center Population Institute and a graduate student in anthropology at the University of Hawaii. His primary fields of interest are human adaptation to island ecosystems and land tenure in Oceania. He is currently working on an Easter Island dictionary.

Per Hage received his Ph.D from the University of Washington in 1972 and is presently an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Utah. His research interests include Oceanic ethnology, cognitive anthropology and the study of social networks. He is especially concerned with the application of graph theory to interpersonal and intergroup structures, such as kinship, alliance, trade, influence and communication.

Peter F. J. Coutts is State Archaeologist in Victoria, Australia, and is currently conducting research on a mound culture in the north and western region of Victoria extending into New South Wales. He is part of the Victoria Archaeological Survey staff, the members of which are engaged in site surveying projects and educational programmes. Other projects of the Survey include studies of rock art, development of means for protecting coastal archaeological sites, and a summer school in archaeology.

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