Volume 89 1980 > Volume 89, No. 1 > Notes and news, p 1-6
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    VOLUME 89 No. 1 MARCH 1980
  • Notes and News 3
  • Culture and Biology among the Sengseng of New Britain Ann Chowning 7
  • Akro and Gagandewa: A Melanesian Myth Dorothy Ayers Counts 33
  • A Culture History of the Chatham Islands Douglas G. Sutton 67
  • Shorter Communications 95
  • Reviews 119
  • Publications Received 135
  • Edited by Judith Huntsman
  • Review Editor Ross Clark
  • Editorial Assistant L. Crothers
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  • Pottery from Nan Madol, Ponape, Eastern Caroline Islands J. Stephen Athens 95
  • Informal Kava Drinking in Tonga Harry Feldman 101
  • Glossary of Turtle Vernacular Names used in the New Guinea Region Anders G.J. Rhodin Sylvia Spring Peter C. H. Pritchard 105
  • Boutilier, James A., Daniel Hughes, and Sharon W. Tiffany (eds), Mission, Church and Sect in Oceania Doug Munro 119
  • Saemala, Francis, J., Our Independent Solomon Islands Hugh Laracy 122
  • Schütz, Albert J. (ed.), The Diaries and Correspondence of David Cargill, 1832-1843 I. C. Campbell 122
  • Schütz, Albert J. (ed.), Fijian Language Studies: Borrowing and Pidginization Ross Clark 125
  • Watson-Gegeo, Karen Ann, and S. Lee-Seaton (eds), Adaptation and Symbolism: Essays on Social Organization Julia A. Hecht 130
  • Papua New Guinea: musiques de Manus et de Bougainville.
  • Papua New Guinea Vol. 1: Chimbu Music Kukane Traditions.
  • Papua New Guinea Vol. 2: Enga Traditional Music. Mervyn McLean 133

Indexed in CURRENT CONTENTS, Behavioral, Social and Managerial Sciences and in INDEX TO NEW ZEALAND PERIODICALS

Copyright © 1980 by the Polynesian Society (Inc.) Wellington

ISSN 0032-4000

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Resignation of Reviews Editor

Dr Ross Clark resigned at the end of 1979 after three-and-a-half years as Reviews Editor. The Editors wish to express their appreciation to him for his many contributions to the Journal. Dr Garth Rogers will become the new Reviews Editor when he returns from field work in the Lau Islands, Fiji, in August 1980. Dr Rogers received his Ph.D. from the University of Auckland in 1976 for a thesis on Tonga, based primarily on ethnographic research in Niuatoputapu. Since then his research has been on Lau ethnohistory and archaeology. He has been a contributor of numerous articles and reviews to the Journal and is presently a Lecturer in Social Anthropology at Auckland. Anne Chambers is interim Reviews Editor from January to August 1980. She has done field work in Tuvalu and her Nanumea Report was published by the Department of Geography, Victoria University in 1975. The Editors are grateful that she was so willing to serve temporarily as Reviews Editor.

The Society's Office Changes its Address

At the March 1980 meeting of Council, it was unanimously decided to shift the Society's official office to Auckland. The matter had been the subject of some discussion at the previous Council Meeting, but further action deferred to give Council members an opportunity to consider the proposal. Both economy and efficiency were major factors influencing the Council's decision. The University of Auckland had agreed to make office space available, and Journals and other publications would no longer have to be shipped from Auckland to Wellington. The savings are considerable. Until 1976, the Society's printer and most of its officers were located in Wellington. Since 1976, the printer and most of the officers have come to be located in Auckland, where the editors have been for some 20 years. The situation of having the office in one place and just about everything else in another was becoming more and more difficult. That communication did not break down completely is a tribute to Mrs Munro's diligence and efficiency. The Council's one regret was that the assistant secretary could not move with the office, for Mrs Munro has worked with uncommon devotion to the interests of the Society and its members for many years.

The new address of the Society's office is:

Department of Anthropology

University of Auckland

Private Bag, Auckland

New Zealand.

The Society's new Assistant Secretary is Hilary Pound.

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New Publications

Three publications have recently been issued by the Polynesian Society. Memoir 42, The Nobility and the Chiefly Tradition in the Modern Kingdom of Tonga by George E. Marcus, is now available as a single volume. It appeared in three instalments as memoir supplements of volume 87 of the Journal in 1978. A table of contents and index have been added. Nga Moteatea Part 3, which had been out-of-print, has been reprinted by the Society assisted by a subsidy from the Maori Purposes Fund Board. This welcome subsidy has substantially reduced the retail price of the volume. The Upraised Hand by W. Greenwood, a study of the Ringatu faith, was first published in volume 51 (1942) of the Journal and then as memoir 17 by mistake and correctly as memoir 21. The volume has long been out of print, although it has remained in considerable demand. The Society has now issued a new edition of Mr Greenwood's study to which he has added an Epilogue. Details of these new publications, as well as of other publications of the Society, are given at the back of the Journal. Prices are for retail sale in New Zealand. All members should send their orders to the Society's office in order to receive their 20 percent discount. Overseas sales are handled by The University Press of Hawaii, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A.

Elsdon Best Memorial Award

The Council of the Polynesian Society invites members to forward suggestions of the names of scholars who might be appropriate recipients of the Elsdon Best Memorial Award. This award, consisting of a medal and a cash prize of $20, is considered, though not necessarily awarded, annually for outstanding work on the New Zealand Maori. The research for which the medal and prize are awarded may be in the fields of Maori ethnology, social anthropology, archaeology, prehistory or linguistics. Suggestions should be sent to the Honorary Secretary (Department of Anthropology, University of Auckland). Selections are normally made at the mid-year meeting of the Council and announced at the Annual General Meeting thereafter. The recipient is asked to present a paper at the Annual General Meeting in the following year, at which time the award is presented.

The Skinner Fund for Physical Anthropology, Archaeology and Ethnology

The Skinner Fund Committee considers applications for small grants in aid of anthropological research in March and September of each year. The Fund is sponsored jointly by the Royal Society of New Zealand, the Polynesian Society and the New Zealand Archaeological Association. Annual income is allocated to applicants on the Committee's recommendation. Because there have been few applications in recent years, considerable funds have accumulated and are available for worthy research projects.

Applications should be sent to:

The Executive Secretary

The Royal Society of New Zealand

P.O. Box 12249, Wellington.

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Request to Readers

“Notes and News” is intended to keep readers informed about events and developments within the Society and in the areas and fields with which the Society is concerned. The Editors welcome notices and reports of meetings, conferences and festivals, news of departments, associations and institutions, and notes on other activities relevant to the study of Oceanic people past and present. To keep all readers informed, we need news from informed readers. Inclusion of items submitted is, of course, subject to editorial discretion.

New Hebrides National Arts Festival

The first National Arts Festival of New Hebrides was held in Port-Vila December 1-8, 1979. Over 2000 people from all parts of the group, from Torres Islands in the north to Aneityum in the south, took part. The Festival was organised by a council of customary chiefs under the chairmanship of Godwin Ligo (on secondment from Radio New Hebrides) and was held within a budget of 9.000.000 FNH (about $NZ150,000). Originally planned for early November, the dates of the festival were put back because of the pre-independence elections, won by the Vanuaaku Pati under Fr. Walter Lini. The next festival is planned for September 1982 at Lugainville, Espiritu Santo.

The main spectacular events of the festival were customary dances, usually held from dusk onwards under floodlights. Daytime events included demonstrations of customary cooking, kava preparation, manufacturing skills (weaving, carving, house-building), sand-drawing, games and pastimes, “private” music-making (e.g., musical-bow playing from Ambrym, panpipe playing from Tanna), slit-gong drumming and so on.

Cultural Centre field workers James Gwero of Aoba and Jeffry Uli of Maewo recorded some 48 hours of tape which the Festival Committee wishes to edit into a cassette for commercial release. The Committee intends to publish a book about the festival as well. Ross Clark, former Review Editor of this Journal, who is in New Hebrides for the first half of 1980 to investigate central district languages, will assist the Festival Committee's editorial board with preparation of manuscripts for this book. Dr Clark flew to Vila in early December especially to see the festival. The customary chiefs held a meeting to assess the festival in January 1980, declared it a significant success, and proceeded to define future policies for cultural development. Among their proposals were: the creation of a Department for Cultural Development, a research centre, and decentralisation of the Vila Cultural Centre.

Contributors of Articles to this Issue

Ann Chowning first visited Papua New Guinea in 1954, to do research among the Lakalai of New Britain for her Ph.D. (1958, University of Pennsylvania). Since then she has re-visited Lakalai four times, conducted long-term field work - 6 in three other Papua New Guinea societies, and participated in archaeological expeditions in Mexico and Guatemala. She has taught at Bryn Mawr College, Barnard College (Columbia University), and the University of Papua New Guinea. She also spent several years as Senior Research Fellow in Social Anthropology at the Australian National University. Currently she is Professor of Anthropology at Victoria University of Wellington. Her interests include social organisation, culture change, the history of Melanesian languages, and the anthropology of Oceanic as a whole.

Dorothy Ayers Counts received her Ph.D. in 1968 from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. She is now Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Her Pacific research has been concentrated in north-west New Britain where she has studied social, political, and religious change, and oral literature. She is currently translating and editing a collection of legends and folk tales from the Kaliai area of West New Britain. The collection, to be titled The Stories of Laopu, will be in both English and New Guinea Pidgin. It is intended for publication in Papua New Guinea.

Doug Sutton's article was written while he was a Senior Tutor in the Prehistory section of the Anthropology Department at Auckland and finishing his Ph.D. thesis on the cultural ecology of the Moriori. Since then he has received his Ph.D. at the University of Otago for his thesis entitled “Polynesian Coastal Hunters in the Sub-antarctic Zone: . . . .” He is now a research fellow in archaeology at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. His research interests are palaeophysical anthropology, prehistoric economy and ecology, and the evolution of social systems.