JOURNAL OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY
CONTAINING THE TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
VOL. VIII. 1899
WELLINGTON, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY WHITCOMBE AND TOMBS LIMITED, LAMBTON QUAY. AGENT FOR AMERICA: REV. S. D. PEET, EDITOR OF “THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARY,” CHICAGO. 1899. Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LIMITED Berkeley Square House, London, W. 1
UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND LIBRARY
MAORI RESOURCE ROOM
First reprinting, 1965, Johnson Reprint Corporation
Printed in the United States of America
CONTENTS OF VOL. VIII.
No. 29.—March, 1899.
- Constitution of Society, List of Officers and Members i - vi
- Annual Meeting vii
- Annual Report of the Council vii
- Balance-Sheet ix
- Hawaiki: The Whence of the Maori. Part III. S. Percy Smith 1
- Rarotongan Genealogies (facing page) 48
- Ko Hape-Tu-ma-ki-te-Rangi. Na Tamarau i korero, raua ko Tutaka Ngahau 49
- The Story of Hape, the Wanderer. Translated by Elsdon Best 51
- Te Umu-ti, or Fire-Walking Ceremony. Colonel Gudgeon 58
No. 30.—June 1899.
- History and Traditions of Rarotonga. Te Ariki-tara-are. Translated by S. Percy Smith 61
- Atua Maori. Rev. T. G. Hammond. 89
- Notes on Maori Mythology. Elsdon Best 93
- Mahu Raua ko Taewa. Na T. Tarakawa raua ko Paora Ropiha. Translated by S. Percy Smith 122
- Notes and Queries. 123 Work of the Old Stone Axe. 124 Hawaiki 135
- Obituary. The Rev. Samuel Ella 136
- Proceedings of the Society 137
No. 31.—September, 1899.
- Wars of the Northern against the Southern Tribes of New Zealand. By S. Percy Smith 141
- Polynesian Native Clothing. By the late Rev. Samuel Ella 165
- History and Traditions of Rarotonga. Te Ariki-tara-are. Translated by S. Percy Smith 171
- Nga Mahi a Te Wera, me Nga-Puhi, ki Te Tai-rawhiti. Na Takaanui Tarakawa i tuhituhi 179
- Fire-Walking in Fiji, Japan, India, and Mauritius 188
- Notes and Queries. 125 Work of the Old Stone Axe. 126 Haraiti 197
- Proceedings of the Society 199
No 32.—December, 1899.
- Wars of the Northern against the Southern Tribes of New Zealand. By S. Percy Smith 201
- The War of Tonga and Samoa and Origin of the Name Malietoa. Translation by the late Rev. S. Ella 231
- Nga Mahi a Te Wera, me Nga-Puhi Hoki, ki Te Tai-rawhiti. Na Takaanui Tarakawa i tuhituhi 235
- Extracts from the Diary of Dr. Samwell. By J. Edge Partington 250
- Names of the Paumotu Islands. By J. L. Young, of Tahiti 264
- Notes and Queries. 127 The Polynesian Fire Ceremony. 128 Did the Maori Possess the Yam 269
- Proceedings of the Society 270
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OFFICERS FOR 1899.
Liliuokalani, Ex-Queen of Hawaii.
J. H. Pope.
- S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
- C. A. Ewen.
- R. B. Roy.
- N. J. Tone.
- E. Tregear, F.R. Hist. S.
- R. Coupland Harding.
Joint Don. Secretaries and Treasurere, and Editors of Journal:
S. Percy Smith and Ed. Tregear.
THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “The Journal of the Polynesian Society;” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations.
The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.
Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.
Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, and shall receive a copy of the rules; and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year.
Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.
The office of the Society is at present Government Buildings, Wellington New Zealand.
The price of back numbers of the Journal, to members, is 2s. 6d.
Vols. i, ii, and iii are out of print.
MEMBERS OF THE POLYNESIAN SOCIETY.
1st of January, 1899.
The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.
As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any on issions, or notify change of residence.
- Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Wadhurst Rectory, Sussex, England
- Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
- Hon. J. G. Ward, M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
- Right Hon. Prof. F. Max Müller, M.A., P.C., F.R.S., Oxford, England
- Sir James Hector, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Wellington, N.Z.
- Prof. Otis T. Mason, A.M., Ph.D., Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
- Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
- W. Te Kahui Kararehe, Rahotu, Taranaki, N.Z.
- Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Rev. Mohi Turei, Waiapu, N.Z.
- Takaanui-Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
- Karipa-Te-Whetu, Whangarae, Nelson, N.Z.
- Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
- Aporo-Te-Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
- F. W. Christian, Tenterfield House, Putney Hill, London, S.W.
- Hare Hongi, Hawera, N.Z.
- Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara, N.Z.
- Rev. Samuel Ella, Rathmore, Petersham, Sydney
- Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
- Pa-ariki, Ngatangiia, Rarotonga.
- Rev. J. E. Moultan, Newington College, Stanmore, Sydney.
- * Atkinson, A. S., F.L.S., Nelson, N.Z.
- * Adams, C. W., Survey Office, Blenheim, N.Z.
- * Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Alexander, Hon. W. D., F.R.G.S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Aldred, W. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- Atkinson, Ronald, Wellington, N.Z.
- Aitken, J. G. W., Wellington, N.Z.
- Atkinson, W. E., Naikorokoro, Fiji
- * Broderick, J. N., Timaru, N.Z.
- * Birch, W. J., Erewhon, Napier, N.Z.
- * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Barron, A., Survey Department, Wellington, N,Z.
- * Best, Elsdon, Rua-tahuna, Rotorua, N.Z.
- * Bishop, Hon. C. R., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- * Brittain, Rev. A., 119, Cambridge Gardens, N. Kensington, London
- Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G. F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- Bate, A. T., Wellington, N.Z.
- Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
- Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
- Benn, H. R., Galatea, N.Z.
- Bettany, J. H., Marton, N.Z.
- Buchanan, W. C., M.H.R., Brandspeth, N.Z.
- Beetham, W., Masterton, N.Z.
- Bonar, W., Surprise Island
- Billings, Dr. J. S., Director New York Public Library, New York
- * Chapman, F. R., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Cowie, Right Rev. W. G., D.D., Primate of N.Z., Bishopscourt, Auckland N.Z.
- * Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., St. Kilda, Koogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
- * Chalmers, Rev. James, F.R.G.S., New Guinea
- * Crompton, A., Port Adelaide, Adelaide, S.A.
- * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
- Claxton, Rev. A. E., Chung King, Hankow, China
- Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Carter, H. C., 233 Fifth Avenue, New York
- Carroll, Hon. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Comins, Rev. R. Blundell, Norfolk Island
- Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
- Cooper, Rev. E. V., Leone, Tutuila, Samoa
- Caddick, Miss H., c/o A. Caddick, Esq., Glenfield, Sutton Coalfield, England
- Carnachan, F. M., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Cooper, Theo., Auckland, N.Z.
- Castle, G. P., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Churchill, W., Denver, Col., U.S.A.
- Davies, Henry, Napier, N.Z.
- * Denniston, The Hon. J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
- D'Albertis, Captain, E. A., Genoa, Italy
- Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London
- Doty, W. Lamb, U.S. Consul, Tahiti.
- Dufaur, E. T., Auckland, N.Z.
- Duthie, J., M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Emerson, Dr. N. B., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Ewen, C. A., Wellington, N.Z.
- Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Fraser, J., LL.D., Newland St., Waverley, N.S.W.
- * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
- Friedlander, R., Carlstrasse 11, Berlin, N.W.
- Friedlaender, Dr. B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
- Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
- * Gold-Smith, E. C., Survey Office, Napier, N.Z.
- * Grace, L. M., Taupo, N.Z.
- * Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., British Resident, Rarotonga Island
- * Govett, Ven. H., B.A., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Gunn, Rev. W., D.D., Futuna, New Hebrides
- Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
- Garnier, J. H., Rarotonga Island
- Gully, H. V., Nelson, N.Z.
- Gurr, C. W., Apia, Samoa Islands.
- * Hursthouse, C. W., Te Kuiti, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Hamilton, A., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- * Hyde, Rev. C. M., D.D., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- * Henry, Miss Teuira, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
- Harris, Christopher, Auckland, N.Z.
- Haggard, F. C. D., London, E.C.
- Heatly, F. J., Dunedin, N.Z.
- Hislop, J., Hawera, N.Z.
- Harper, W. R., Ashfield, Sydney
- Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., Rarotonga.
- Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London
- Handley, J., Okehu, N.Z.
- Hutton, Capt. F. W., F.R.S., Christchurch, N.Z.
- * Johnston, Dr. D. G., Carterton, N.Z.
- * Johnston, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Auckland, N.Z.
- Jackson, F. Arthur, M.B.A.Asso., F.I.Inst., Jackson Dale, Fiji Islands
- * Kenny, Hon. C. W. A. T., M.L.C., Picton, N.Z.
- * Kensington, W. C., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
- Kühl, W. H., W-Jäger Strasse, Berlin
- Kenny, W. T., H.M. Consul General, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Aitutaki Island
- * Large, J. T., Aitutaki Island
- * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula, New Hebrides
- Lambert, H. A., Tane, Pahiatua, N.Z.
- * Murray, Rev. C., M.A., Carterton, N.Z.
- * Marshall, W S., Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Moss, F. J., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- * Major, C. E., Hawera, N.Z.
- * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D., Efate, New Hebrides
- Mitchell, F. T., Home Rule, N.S.W.
- McArthur, J. P., McArthur & Co., Sydney, N.S.W.
- * Mackay, A., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
- Mackay, A. W., Newington College, Stanmore, Sydney
- March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
- Meeson, J. T., Fendalton, Christchurch, N.Z.
- Mair, Captain G. W., F.L.S., Thames, N.Z.
- Monckton, W., Sawarai, New Guinea
- Maginnis, Craig, Tonga Island
- McCullock, W. F., Fairmount Park, Hawthorne, Victoria
- Marshall, J. W., Marton, N.Z.
- Marshall, H. H., Marton, N.Z.
- Mason, Dr. J. M., Otaki, N.Z.
- McNab, R., M.H.R., Gore, N.Z.
- Maunsell, R., Masterton, N.Z.
- * Nelson, C. E., Rotorua, Auckland, N.Z.
- Nicholas, H., Rarotonga Island
- Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Apia, Samoa
- Nicholls, W. G., Paeroa, Auckland, N.Z.
- Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
- Ngata, A. T., M.A., LL.B., Auckland, N.Z.
- Oahu College, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands
- O'Keefe, D. D., Yap, Caroline Islands
- * Phillips, Coleman, Featherstone, N.Z.
- * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- Pratt, T., M.H.R., Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
- Pritt, Rev. F. G., Gairlock, Brisbane, Queensland
- Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., British Museum, London, England
- Parsons, J. A., Christchurch, N.Z.
- * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z.
- * Reid, W. S., Fitzherbert Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
- Redwood, J. H., Blenheim, N.Z.
- * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Stack, Rev. J. W., Fendalton, Canterbury, N.Z.
- * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
- * Smith, H. G. Seth, M.A., Auckland, N.Z.
- * Smith, F. S., Kaikoura, N.Z.
- * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Skinner, J., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Saxon, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
- Scannell, D., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
- Smith, T. H., Grafton Road, Auckland, N.Z.
- Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
- Stainton, G., Rongomai, Pahiatua, N.Z.
- Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Skertchley, E., Hong Kong, China
- Turnbull, A H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Tone, N. J., Wellington, N.Z.
- * Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Trimble, W. H., Survey Department, Gisborne, N.Z.
- Tinline, J., Nelson, N.Z.
- Turner, A., Chatham Islands
- Tait, P. W., Wellington, N.Z.
- Taiaroa, G., Karitane, N.Z.
- Valder, H., Hunterville, N.Z.
- * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
- * Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wheeler, W. J., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Weetman, S., F.R.G.S., Christchurch, N.Z.
- * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., B.A., Rishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
- Williams, Rev. H. W., Gisborne, N.Z.
- * Wilson, D. C., Whangarei, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Wideman, Hon. H. A., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
- Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
- White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
- Wilson, A., Whangarei, N.Z.
- Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
- Watt, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides
- Wake, R., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Watt, F. F., Rotorua, N.Z.
- Williams, F. W., Napier, N,Z.
- Wallis, F., Right Rev., Bishop of Wellington, Wellington, N.Z.
- Woodworth, W. McM., Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
- Warbrick, Mrs. F. S., Devenport, Auckland, N.Z.
- * Young, J. L., Tahiti Island
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
THE meeting postponed from the 9th January took place at the Lecture Room of the New Zealand Institute, Wellington, N.Z., 26th April, 1899, Mr. J. H. Pope in the chair.
The Annual Report and Accounts for the year 1898 were read and passed. They will be found below.
Mr. J. H. Pope was elected President for the year 1899, and Messrs. N. J. Tone, E. Tregear, C. A. Ewen, and R. Coupland Harding were elected members of the Council. Mr. E. Tregear was re-elected one of the Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers. Sir James Hector, F.R.S., was elected an Honorary Member.
Votes of thanks to the Chairman and Hon. Secretaries terminated the proceedings.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL
FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.
Presented at the Seventh Annual Meeting, April, 26th, 1899, in terms of Rule No. 13.
THE past period has not been marked by any event out of the ordinary in connection with the proceedings of the Society, if we except the mortality amongst some of the members, several of whom will prove a serious loss in our future history.
The Council regrets to record the death of our respected President, the Rev W. J. Habens, B.A., who passed away on the 3rd February, 1899, at the age of 59. Mr. Habens was one of our earliest members, and had served on the Council from the very first, and for the last three years had occupied the position of President. He was ever ready to render his willing advice and counsel, and took great interest in our proceedings. His loss will be felt by the Society for a long time to come.
Of our honorary members, the Right Honourable Sir George Grey, K.C.B., P.C., and Francis Dart Fenton, Esq., late Chief Judge of the Native Land Court, both ripe Maori scholars, who by their writings have done much to create an interest in the Polynesian race, will disappear from our roll, both having died during the year.
Again, amongst our corresponding members, we have lost Major Keepa Te Rangi-hiwi-nui, who was decorated by his Sovereign, and the Rev. J. B. Stair, the latter a frequent writer in our Journal.
Of the ordinary members, we lost Mr. E. F. Harris, one of our original members, and a good Maori scholar.
The Council continues to receive letters from both societies and individuals commending the work that we are engaged in. This is also shown by the numbers of applications received from other societies for exchange of publications. Many of these the Council has seen fit to decline, on the ground that the publications of several of the societies applying are foreign to the objects this Society has in view, for we do not seek to accumulate a general library, so much as one illustrating the special objects of the Society.
The papers received have been again more numerous than space could be found for in the pages of the Journal; indeed, the quantity of original matter on hand is now very large and much of it of very considerable value, more especially perhaps the contributions in the native languages by some of our Polynesian friends. The publication of many of these papers must await an increase in our roll of members. During the past year the Society secured, through the liberality of our corresponding member, Mr. F. W. Christian, a series of vocabularies of the Micronesian dialects of great value, which are not known to the world at large. The importance of retaining copies of these was deemed by the Council sufficient to warrant them in drawing on our capital funds to the extent of £20—a sum which it is hoped we shall be able, by careful management, to return to that fund within two years.
The membership of the Society does not increase at the rate it should do. The figures on the 31st December last were as follows:—
This is exactly the same number as for the previous period.
Our members are distributed over many countries. For instance, we have representatives in England, Germany, Italy, America, China, Australia, the Caroline Islands, New Guinea, the New Hebrides, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Rarotonga, Tahiti, Hawaiian Islands, Chatham Islands, and New Zealand, where the bulk of them reside.
The Journal has been published with regularity each quarter of the past year, and forms a volume of 258 pages (without index), or 81 pages less than the previous year, when the volume was increased by a large supplement. The first three volumes of our proceedings are now out of print, the whole having been distributed. The value of those remaining in the hands of members is therefore very much enhanced.
In matters of finance the Society is slightly better off than in 1897, but the Council still has to regret the considerable number of members in arrear with their subscriptions. The Council is of opinion that, in consideration of the large amount of gratuitous services performed for the Society and the consequent extremely small annual expense outside the actual cost of publication, that members should acknowledge this without putting the Society to the expense and trouble of “dunning” them for their subscriptions several times during the year. We commenced the year with a credit balance of £11 16s. 11d. and end with a like balance of £16 11s. 5d.
The capital account now stands at £55 5s.
S. PERCY SMITH, Hon. Secretaries.
ED. TREGEAR, Hon. Secretaries.
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