Volume 95 1986 > Volume 95, No. 1 > Notes and news, p 1-8
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Volume 95 March 1986 Number 1

  • Review Editor RICHARD MOYLE
  • Editorial Assistant LIONEL CROTHERS

Published quarterly by the Polynesian Society (Inc.), Auckland, New Zealand

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Published in New Zealand by the Polynesian Society (Inc.)

Typeset and Printed by the University Printing Services, University of Auckland

Copyright © 1986 by The Polynesian Society (Inc.)

Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism, or review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part of this publication may be reproduced by any process without written permission.

Inquiries should be made to:

Hon. Secretary

The Polynesian Society

c/- Department of Anthropology

University of Auckland

Private Bag, Auckland

ISSN 0032-4000

Indexed in CURRENT CONTENTS, Behavioral, Social and Managerial Sciences, in INDEX TO NEW ZEALAND PERIODICALS, and in ANTHROPOLOGICAL INDEX.


Registered at the G.P.O. Auckland as a magazine

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  • Notes and News 5
  • PATRICK V. KIRCH. Rethinking East Polynesian Prehistory 9
  • ATHOLL ANDERSON. “Makeshift Structures of Little Importance”: A Reconsideration of Maori Round Huts 91
    Shorter Communications
  • SCOTT RUSSELL and MIKE FLEMING. Archaeology in the North Northern Mariana Islands: An Overview 115
  • NICHOLAS THOMAS. Further Notes on Marquesan Dictionaries 127
  • PETER BELLWOOD. On Polynesians and Melanesians 131
  • Kauraka, Kauraka: Return to Havaiki/Fokihanga ki Havaiki. A. R. T. CAMPBELL 135
  • Kirch, Patrick Vinton: The Evolution of Polynesian Chiefdoms. PAUL L. CLEGHORN 136
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  • Neich, Roger: Material Culture of Western Samoa. JANET DAVIDSON 142
  • Olive y Garcia, Francisco: The Mariana Islands: Random Notes. JOHN L. CRAIB 144
  • Poort, W. A.: Pacific: Between Indigenous Culture and Exogenous Worship. ALLAN DAVIDSON 146
  • Schilt, Rose: Subsistence and Conflict in Kona, Hawai'i: An Archaeological Study of the Kuakini Highway Realignment Corridor. D. G. SUTTON and R. T. WALLACE 147
  • Van de Velde, Pieter (ed.): Prehistoric Indonesia: A Reader. DONN BAYARD 150
  • Publications Received 155
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Polynesian Society President Honoured

We are pleased to report that at the New Year the Queen conferred upon Professor Emeritus Bruce Biggs an OBE for services to Maori Studies and Linguistics. Congratulations to our President for an honour well-deserved.

Memoir Author Dies

We were sorry to learn of the death of Mr William Greenwood on January 5 of this year. Mr Greenwood was particularly active in the affairs of the Society in the 1940s: a Council member 1942-3, Treasurer and Council member 1943-4, Treasurer 1945-7, and member of the Editorial Committee 1946-8. He will be remembered by many as the author of The Upraised Hand, an important study of the Ringatu Faith, which was first published in this Journal in 1942 and immediately thereafter as a memoir (no.21). The volume was reprinted in 1980 with the addition of an epilogue, updating the history of the church, and an appendix, summarising and translating the first section of the Ringatu service book, “Nga Kawenata: The Eight Covenants from Eden to Christ”. The 1980 edition is still available.

Voyages of the Hōkūle'a

The first voyage of the Hōkūle'a, a reconstructed Polynesian voyaging canoe, from Hawaii to Tahiti and return in 1976 was widely publicised. Its second voyage of the same route is described and analysed in this issue. Hōkūle'a is now embarked on an extended voyage, navigated by Nainoa Thompson and Mau Piailug, which began in August 1985 with another passage from Hawaii to Tahiti, which was almost identical in duration and track to the two earlier voyages. From Tahiti the canoe sailed to the Cook Islands and, after staying there for several months, made a swift and direct passage from Rarotonga to New Zealand's Bay of Islands, arriving in early December. This year the Hōkūle'a will sail north to Samoa and from there attempt the difficult passage from Western to Eastern Polynesian—to the Cook Islands, or Tahiti, or the Marquesas. Finally, it is planned that the canoe will sail directly from the Marquesas to Hawaii, following a route thought to have been taken by some of the earliest settlers of Hawaii.

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The Kon-Tiki Museum Expands its Activities

The Museum has established a research centre under the leadership of Arne Skjølsvold, formerly Professor in the Department of Archaeology, University of Oslo. Dr Skjølsvold has done archaeological research in the Galapagos Islands, Easter Island, the Marquesas and other regions of Polynesia as far west as Samoa.

This year the Museum and Dr Thor Heyerdahl are planning to initiate an archaeological research programme on Easter Island in collaboration with the local Museum there. The programme will be directed by Dr Skjølsvold and Sergio Rapu Haoa, archaeologist and Governor of Easter Island.

The research centre at the Kon-Tiki Museum will include a major library of publications on Polynesia and will house a sizeable collection of ethnographic and archaeological artefacts from Easter Island and other parts of Polynesia.


The Review Editor notes that three children's books have been received from the “Collection Haeve Po Jeunesse” (BP 1958, Pape'ete) and remarks that “the books are bilingual or trilingual, are beautifully illustrated and treat a range of topics, including legend, poetry and social studies.”


In the September 1985 issue, Table 1 (p.257) in Peter Matthews' article is misleading owing to the deletion of several vertical lines. A line should be inserted to exclude “Wild” from the designation “Garden”, and lines should be added to separate the sub-categories “Non-derelict”, “Derelict” and “Wild” under the heading “Non-cultivated”.

In the same issue, a line was deleted in Roger Green's review. The first sentence of the second paragraph on page 291 should read as follows: “If it were assessed solely as the first comprehensive and integrated modern book-length synthesis of New Zealand prehistory, this book's achievement would warrant praise and represent a landmark in the history of the country's archaeology.”

In the December 1985 issue, the name of Ann Marie Mires, co-author of a shorter communication (pp.415-22), was misspelt in several places. We should also point out that this communication is about “protohistoric” dentition not “prehistoric” dentition as given on the contents page.

The editors apologise to all the authors concerned.

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Contributors of Articles in this Issue

Patrick E. Kirch is Director of the Burke Museum and Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Washington. He has carried out archaeological investigations in Hawaii, Western Polynesia, the Polynesian outliers of Tikopia and Anuta, and in Micronesia. He is a frequent contributor to this Journal and his major study, The Evolution of the Polynesian Chiefdoms, was recently published by Cambridge University Press.

Ben R. Finney is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Hawaii and co-founder of the Polynesian Voyaging Society. He has published widely on issues about Polynesian voyaging and relates the findings of the 1980 Hōkūle'a voyage to these. In late 1985, he joined the crew of the Hōkūle'a for the voyage from Rarotonga to New Zealand. He is currently working with NASA on the human implications of space exploration and colonisation.

Bernard J. Kilonsky is a Research Associate at the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics (University of Hawaii). He plotted by computer the actual track of the Hōkūle'a and the navigator's dead reckoning positions during the voyage.

Stephen Somsen is Director of Sailing Instruction at Sailboats (Inc.) in Wisconsin. He sailed on the Hōkūle'a to Tahiti and return, recording on board the navigational and sailing data.

Edward D. Stroup is Associate Professor of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii and Chairman of the Research Committee of the Polynesian Voyaging Society. This Committee developed the research design for the voyage and directed the gathering and analysis of data. During the voyage he undertook oceanographic studies of the areas through which the Hōkūle'a sailed.

Atholl Anderson is Senior Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Otago. His doctoral research (Cambridge University 1973-76) was on the prehistory of northern Sweden. In recent years his research has focused on the archaeology and ethnohistory of southern New Zealand.

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