Volume 13 1904 > Volume 13, No. 1, March 1904 > Front matter and Contents, p i-xvi
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Vol. XIII. 1904.
WELLINGTON, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY WHITCOMBE AND TOMBS LIMITED, LAMBTON QUAY 1905 Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. Berkeley Square House, London, W.1
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First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation

Printed in the United States of America

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    No. 49.—March, 1904.
  • PAGE
  • Polynesian Society
  • Officers and Constitution v
  • Roll of Members vii
  • List of Exchanges xi
  • Minutes of Annual Meeting xiii
  • Annual Report of the Council xiii
  • Balance Sheet xv
  • Notes on the Art of War as conducted by the Maori of New Zealand. By Elsdon Best. Part IX. 1
  • Wars of the Northern against the Southern Tribes of New Zealand in the Nineteenth Century. By S. Percy Smith. Part VIII. 20
    No. 50.—June, 1904.
  • Notes on the Art of War. Supplementary 73
  • Notes on the Custom of Rahui. By Elsdon Best 83
  • Tutae-Poroporo, te Taniwha i Patua e Ao-kehu, i Whanganui. Na Wiremu Kauika 89
  • Tutae-Poroporo, the Taniwha slain by Ao-kehu at Whanganui, New Zealand. Translation, by S. Percy Smith 94
  • Survivals of Ancient Customs in Oceania. By Joshua Rutland 99
  • Maori and Egyptian Tatooing. (Illustrated) 104
  • Polynesian Origins. By Edward Tregear 105
  • Wallis, the Discoverer of Tahiti. By Miss Teuira Henry 122
  • Kakahi-makatea Pa, Lower Wairarapa. Related by Major Tu-nui-o-Rangi 126
  • New Maori Dictionary 130
  • Proceedings of the Society 131
    No. 51.—September, 1904.
  • Polynesian Origins. By Edward Tregear 133
  • The Occupation of Wairarapa by Ngatikahungunu. By S. Percy Smith 153
  • The Uhi-Maori, or Native Tatooing Instruments. By Elsdon Best 166
  • Traditions and some Words of the Language of Danger or Pukapuka Island. By the Rev. J. J. K. Hutchin 173
  • E Tuatua teia na Ura, e Tangata Bukabuka aia 175
  • The Maori People. By Lieut.-Col. Gudgeon, C.M.G. 177
  • Notes and Queries. 168 Maori and Moa Remains, Rakaia Creek. 169 The Greenstone as a Fish. 170 Waru=summer. 171 The Pai-marire Word Hau. 172 Poe, as a Name for the Tui 193
  • Obituary—John Fraser, LL.D. 195
  • Proceedings of the Society 196
    No. 52.—December, 1904.
  • The Asiatic (Semitic) Relationship of the Oceanic Family of Languages: Triliteralism and Internal Vowel-change. By Rev. Dr. D. Macdonald 197
  • Phallic Emblem from Atiu Island. By Lieut.-Col. W. E. Gudgeon, C.M.G. (Illustrated) 210
  • Maori Medical Lore. By Elsdon Best 213
  • The Toa Taua, or Warrier. By Lieut.-Col. Gudgeon, C.M. G. 238
  • Notes and Queries. 173 New Zealand Origin of the Manihiki Islanders. 174 Nuku-mai-tore, the Manihiki Version 265
  • Proceedings of the Society 266

- iv Page is blank

- v


S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.


  • M. Fraser.
  • W. L. Newman.
  • W. H. Skinner.
  • W. Kerr.
  • F. P. Corkill.

Joint Hon. Secretaries and Treasurers, and Editors of Journal:

W. H. Skinner and Wm. Kerr.

THE Society is formed to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History and Antiquities of the Polynesian races, by the publication of an official journal, to be called “The Journal of the Polynesian Society,” and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations of the history of the Polynesian race.

The term “Polynesia” is intended to include Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Malaysia, as well as Polynesia proper.

Candidates for admission to the Society shall be admitted on the joint recommendation of a member of the Society and a member of the Council, and on the approval of the Council.

Every person elected to membership shall receive immediate notice of the same from the Secretaries, and shall receive a copy of the rules; and on payment of his subscription of one pound shall be entitled to all the benefits of membership. Subscriptions are payable in advance, on the 1st January of each year, or on election.

Papers will be received on any of the above subjects if sent through a member. Authors are requested to write only on one side of the paper, to use quarto paper, and to leave one inch margin on the left-hand side, to allow of binding. Proper names should be written in ROMAN TYPE.

The office of the Society is at present at NEW PLYMOUTH, New Zealand

The price of back numbers of the Journal, to members, is 2s. 6d.

Vols. i, ii, iii, and iv are out of print.

Members and exchanges are requested to note the change in the Society's Office from Wellington to New Plymouth, to which all communications, books, exchanges, &c., should be sent, addressed to the Hon. Secretaries.

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as at 1st January, 1904.

The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder

As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would feel obliged if members will supply any omissions, or notify change of residence.

  • Liliuokalani, ex-Queen of Hawaii, 1588, 21st Street, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England
  • Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
  • Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, K.C.M.G., M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Sir James Hector, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Professor H. H. Giglioli, Florence, Italy
  • H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Prof. W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., The University, Melbourne (8/3/04)
  • Prof. Otis T. Mason, A.M., Ph.D., Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
  • Rev. T. G. Hammond, Patea, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • W. Te Kahui Kararehe, Rahotu, Taranaki, N.Z.
  • Te One Rene Rawiri Te Mamaru, Moeraki, Otago, N.Z.
  • Rev. Mohi Turei, Waiapu, N.Z.
  • Takaanui Tarakawa, Te Puke, Maketu, N.Z.
  • Karipa Te Whetu, Whangarae, Croixelles, Nelson, N.Z.
  • Tiwai Paraone, Miranda, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Aporo Te Kumeroa, Greytown, N.Z.
  • F. W. Christian, Tenterfield House, Putney Hill, London, S.W.
  • Hare Hongi, Hawera, N.Z.
  • Wiremu Kauika, Waitotara N.Z.
  • Tati Salmon, Papara, Tahiti.
  • Pa-ariki, Ngatangiia, Rarotonga.
  • Rev. J. E. Moultan, Nukualofa, Tonga Island.
  • Churchill, W., B.A., 185, Keap Street, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
  • Cognet, Rev. Claud, S.M., Okato, N.Z.
  • * Adams, C. W., Survey Office, Blenheim, N.Z.
  • * Alexander, Dr. E. W., F.R.G.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Alexander, W. D., F.R.G.S., D.Sc., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Aldred, W. A., Timaru, N.Z.
  • Aitken, J. G. W., M.H.R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Atkinson, W. E., Whanganui, N.Z.
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  • * Broderick, T. N., Timaru, N.Z.
  • * Birch, W. J., Marton, N.Z.
  • * Blair, J. R., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Barron, A., Land for Settlement Department, Wellington, N,Z.
  • * Best, Elsdon, Te Whaiti, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Buller, Sir W. L., K.C.M.G., F.R.S., Terrace, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Battley, R. T., Moawhango, N.Z.
  • Bamford, E., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Benn, H. R., Galatea, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Buchanan, W. C., M.H.R., Carterton, N.Z.
  • Brown, Rev. C. Crisp, Te Ngae, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Bennett, Rev. F. A., Bell Block, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • British and Foreign Bible Society, 114, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
  • Browne, A. H., Rarotonga
  • Brown, Mrs. J., Kohimarama, Auckland
  • * Chapman, His Honour F. R., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Carroll, A., M.A., M.D., Denbeigh Ho., Koogarrah, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • * Carkeek, Morgan, Otaki, N.Z.
  • Chambers, W. K., Repongaere, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Carter, H. C., 475, 143rd Street, New York
  • Comins, Archdeacon R. Blundell, Norfolk Island
  • Chapman, M., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Cooper, His Honour Theo., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Cooke, J. P., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Coates, J., National Bank of N.Z., Wellington, N,Z.
  • Corkill, F. P., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Clarke, A. E. A., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Clark, Patrick, c/o Wilkie & Co., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Chatterton, Rev. F. W., Te Rau, Gisborne
  • Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Denniston, His Honour J. E., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Davies, Henry, Tennyson St., Napier, N.Z.
  • Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, London
  • Drummond, James, “Lyttelton Times” Office, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Donne, T. E., Tourist Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Dixon, Ronald B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • * Emerson, J. S., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Emerson, Dr. N. B., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Ewen, C. A., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Edger, F. H., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Fraser, J., LL.D., West Maitland, N.S.W.
  • * Fraser, D., Bulls, Rangitikei, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Friedlander, R., Carlstrasse 11 Berlin, N.W.
  • Friedlaender, Dr. B., Regenten Strasse 8, Berlin, W.
  • Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo, N.Z.
  • Forbes, E. J., 8, Spring Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Fraser, M., New Plymouth, N.Z.,
  • Fisher, T. W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Frear, Judge, W. F., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Frith, John F., Survey Office, New Plymouth.
  • Fowlds, G., M.H.R., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Fenwick, Geo., “Otago Daily Times,” Dunedin (8/3/04)
  • * Grace, L. M., N.L.P. Dept., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Gudgeon, Lieut.-Col. W. E., C.M.G., British Resident, Rarotonga
  • Gordon, H. A., F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Gurr, E. W., Chief Judge, Pagopago, Samoa.
  • Gill, W. H., Kobe, Japan.
  • Graham, Geo., c/o Wynyard & Purchas, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Goldie, A. N., M.D., C.M., Kitiaroa, Symonds Street, Auckland, N.Z.
- ix
  • Haddon, A. C., D Sc., F.R.S., Inisfail, Hills Road, Cambridge, England
  • * Hursthouse, C. W., Roads Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Hocken, Dr. T. M., F.L.S., Dunedin, N.Z.
  • * Hamilton, A., Museum, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Henry, Miss Teuira, Little Britain, Sheridan Street, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Harding, R. Coupland, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Harper, W. R., Holden St., Ashfield, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Hutchin, Rev. J. J. K., Rarotonga Island
  • Hastie, Miss J. A., 11, Ashburn Place, Cromwell Road, London
  • Hutton, Capt. F. W., F.R.S., Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Hughes, R. C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Iorns, William, Masterton, N.Z.,
  • * Johnston, Dr. D. G., Carterton, N.Z.
  • * Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L. Court, Auckland. N.Z.
  • Jollie, Mrs., Edinboro Road, Riccarton, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • * Kenny, Hon. C. W. A. T., M.L.C., Picton, N.Z.
  • * Kensington, W. C., Survey Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Kühl, W. H., W-Jäger Strasse, 73, Berlin
  • King, John, Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Kerr, W., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Kelly, Hon. T., M.L.C., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Lawrence, Rev. W. N., Aitutaki Island, Rarotonga
  • * Large, J. T., Mangaia Island, Rarotonga
  • * Laing, R. M., M.A., High School, Christchurch, N.Z.
  • Leggatt, Rev. T. W. Watt, Malikula. New Hebrides
  • Lambert, H. A., Tane, Pahiatua, N.Z.
  • Leslie, G., Government Buildings, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Lethbridge, F. Y., M.H.R., Feilding, N.Z.
  • * Marshall, W S., Pemberton, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Moss, F. J., c/o E. B. Moss, M.H.R., Paeroa, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Morpeth, W. T., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Major, C. E., M.H.R., Hawera, N.Z.
  • * MacDonald, Rev. Dr. D., Efate, New Hebrides
  • * Mackay, A., Judge N.L.C., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Mitchell, F. J., Home Rule, Mudgee, N.S.W.
  • Mackay, Captain A. W., Bathurst, N.S.W.
  • March, H. Colley, M.D., F.S.A., Portesham, Dorchester, England
  • Mair, Captain G. W., F.L.S., Govt. Buildings Wellington, N.Z.
  • Maginnis, Craig, 29, Caerwys, Putney Common, Putney, London, S.W.
  • McCullock, W. F., Fairmount Park, Hawthorne, Victoria
  • Marshall, J. W., Marton, N.Z.
  • Marshall, H. H., Marton, N.Z.
  • McNab, R., M.H.R., Gore, N.Z.
  • Maunsell, R., Masterton, N.Z.
  • Maclaurin, Professor, Victoria College, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Martin, Josiah, F.G.S., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Mackintosh, Rev. Canon A., F.R.G.S., Honolulu, Hawaii
  • McIntosh, D. T., Res. Eng., Whanganui
  • Malone, W. G., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Nelson, C. E., Rotorua, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Nathan, D. J., Wellington, N.Z.
  • Newell, Rev. J. E., Malua, Samoa.
  • Nairn, F. E., Hastings, H.B., N.Z.
  • Ngata, A. T., M.A., LL.B., Te Aute College, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • Newman, W. L., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Oahu College, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
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  • * Phillips, Coleman, Featherston, N.Z.
  • * Pope, J. H., Education Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Pratt, T., M.H.R., Waikouaiti, Otago, N.Z.
  • Pritt, Archdeacon, F. G., Gairlock, Brisbane, Queensland
  • Partington, J. Edge, F. R.G.S., British Museum, London, England
  • Pomare, Dr. M. H. P. N., Health Department, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Parker, J. H., New Plymouth.
  • * Rutland, Joshua, Canvastown, Marlborough, N.Z,
  • * Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Redwood, J. H., Blenheim, N.Z.
  • Reweti, Ru, Opua, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Roy, J. B., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Smith, W. W., F.E.S., Ashburton, Canterbury, N.Z.
  • * Shand, A., Chatham Islands
  • * Smith, F. S., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • * Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington. N.Z.
  • * Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Skinner, W. H., Survey Department, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Saxton, Henry Waring, F.L.S., New Plymouth, N.Z
  • Scannell, D., Judge N.L.C., Auckland, N.Z.
  • Smith, T. H., Grafton Road, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Scott, Prof. J. H., M.D., F.R.S.E., Otago University, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Stainton, W., Wairima, Pahiatua, N.Z.
  • Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Spencer, W. E., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Samuel, Oliver, New Plymouth, N.Z. (8/3/04)
  • * Tregear, E., F.R.Hist.S., Wellington, N.Z.
  • * Testa, F. J., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Turnbull, A. H., Bowen Street, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Tinline, J., Nelson, N.Z.
  • * Webster, J., Hokianga, N.Z.
  • * Wilkinson, G. T., Otorohanga, Auckland, N.Z.
  • * Wheeler, W. J., Whanganui, N.Z.
  • * Weetman, S., F.R.G.S., c/o Bank of N.Z., 1 Queen Victoria Street, London
  • * Williams, Right Rev. W. L., D.D., Bishop of Waiapu, Napier, N.Z.
  • * Wright, A. B., Survey Department, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Williams, Rev. H. W., M.A., Gisborne, N.Z.
  • Williams, J. N., Frimley, Hastings, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • White, Taylor, Wimbledon, Hawke's Bay, N.Z.
  • Wilson, A., Survey Office, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Wilcox, Hon. G. N., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
  • Watt, Rev. W., Tanna, New Hebrides
  • Williams, F. W., Napier, N,Z.
  • Wallis, Right Rev. F., D.D., Bishop of Wellington, N.Z.
  • Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
  • Woodworth, W. McM., Museum Comp. Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • Webster, W. D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • * Young, J. L., c/o Henderson & Macfarlane, Auckland, N.Z.
    PRESIDENTS (Past and Present).
  • 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
  • 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
  • 1897-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
  • 1899-1900—J. H. Pope.
  • 1901-1903—E. Tregear, F.R.H.S., &c.
  • 1904—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
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THE following is the list of Societies, &c., &c., to which the Journal is sent, and from most of which we receive exchanges. There is a tacit understanding that several Public Institutions are to receive our publications free, so long as the New Zealand Government allows our correspondence, &c., to go free by post.

  • Agent-General of New Zealand, 13 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S.W.
  • Anthropologische, Ethnographische, etc., etc., Gesellschraft, Vienna, Austria.
  • Anthropologie, Société d', 15, Rue Ecole de Medecin, Paris.
  • Anthropologia, Museo Zoologica, Florence, Italy.
  • Anthropological Society of Australia, c/o Board of International Exchanges Sydney.
  • Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, 3 Hanover Square, London. W.
  • Anthropologie, École d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris.
  • Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, University, Sydney.
  • Aute (Te) Students Association, The College, Te Aute, Hawke's Bay. N.Z.
  • American Oriental Society, 235, Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
  • Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java.
  • Buddhist Text Society, 86/2 Jaun Bazaar Street, Calcutta.
  • Blenheim Literary Institute, Blenheim, N.Z.
  • Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H.I.
  • Canadian Institute, 46 Richmond Street East, Toronto.
  • Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge, England.
  • Faculté des Sciences de Marseilles, Marseilles, France.
  • General Assembly Library, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Géographie, Société de, de Paris, Boulvard St. Germain 184, Paris.
  • Historical Society, Honolulu. Hawaiian Islands.
  • Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Philosophical, Christchurch, NZ.
  • Institute, The Philosophical, Wellington, N.Z.
  • Institute, The Otago, Dunedin, N.Z.
  • Japan Society, 20 Hanover Square, London, W.
  • Kongl, Vitterhets Historie och Antiqvitete Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Koninklijk Instituut, 14, Van Galenstraat, The Hague, Holland.
  • Literary and Historical Society, Quebec, Canada.
  • Luzac & Co., publishers of Oriental Text, 46 Great Russell St., London, W.C.
  • Museum, Christchurch.
  • Museum, The Australian, Sydney.
  • Minister of Education, Wellington.
  • Minister, Right Hon. the Premier, Wellington.
  • Minister, Hon. The Colonial Secretary, Wellington.
  • Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji.
  • New York Public Library, c/o Stevens & Brown, 4 Trafalgar Square, London, W.C.
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  • Public Library, New Plymouth, N.Z.
  • Public Library, Auckland.
  • Public Library, Wellington.
  • Public Library, Melbourne.
  • Public Library, Sydney.
  • Peet, Rev. S. D., Ph.D., Editor of “The American Antiquarian,” 5817, Madison Avenue, Chicago.
  • Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
  • Reading Room, Rotorua, N.Z.
  • Royal Geographical Society, 1 Saville Row, London.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70 Queen Street, Melbourne.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide.
  • Royal Society, Burlington House, London.
  • Royal Society of New South Wales, 5 Elizabeth Street, Sydney.
  • Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 87 Park Street, Calcutta.
  • Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London.
  • Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Société Neuchateloise de Géographie, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
  • Secretary, General Post Office, Wellington.
  • Secretary (Under) Colonial Secretary's Department, Wellington.
  • Secretary (Under) Justice (Native), Wellington.
  • Wisconsin Academy of Science and Arts, Madison, Wisconsin, U S.A.
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Held at New Plymouth, 8th March, 1904.

THE adjourned annual meeting was held as above, Mr. F. P. Corkill, member of the Council, in the chair, the following members being present:—Messrs. W. H. Skinner, J. H. Parker, W. L. Newman, M. Fraser, H. W. Saxton, W. Kerr, J. B. Roy, W. D. Webster, S. Percy Smith.

The minutes of the last annual meeting, held 27th January, 1903, together with the annual report and accounts, were read and confirmed. The two latter will be found below.

The following officers were elected:—President, S. Percy Smith; Council, Messrs. J. P. Corkill, W. L. Newman, and Wm. Kerr (all re-elected); Hon. Secretary, Wm. Kerr; Hon. Auditor, W. H. Saxton.

The following new members were elected:—

  • 357 Honorary Member Professor W. Baldwin Spencer, University, Melbourne.
  • 358 Ordinary Member Geo. Fenwick (as representing “Otago Daily Times.”)
  • 359 Ordinary Member Oliver Samuel, New Plymouth.
Presented at the adjourned annual meeting, March 8th, 1904, in terms of Rule No.31

THE twelfth annual report of the Council must be brief. We may apply the old saying, “Happy is the country that has no history,” to the work of our Society during the past twelve months, for nothing of any moment has transpired to call for particular comment. The principal work of the Society is the publication of its transactions and proceedings as embodied in our quarterly Journal, which has appeared with fair regularity. The volume for 1903 contains a few less pages, but it has more illustrations than usual. Mr. Elsdon Best's valuable papers on “Notes on the Art of War” has continued through the whole volume, and will be completed by June next. This is probably the most important contribution to the study of manners and customs of any branch of the Polynesian race that has yet appeared, and redounds to the credit of the writer. We have material on hand for continuing our Journal for a long time to come, but much of it requires translation.

The necessity for a new Maori dictionary has been apparent for some time past—one that should embody the very large amount of original matter now in the hands of some of our members, and which matter is really very large. The Rev. H. W. Williams, M.A., has undertaken the onerous task of preparing such a - xiv dictionary, which is to be published under the auspices of the Society. The Council approached the Government on the subject of the printing, for our funds would not allow of this being done by us. The Government has met us in a very generous spirit, and therefore in a couple of years' time we may expect to see this great work accomplished. A great many gentlemen have kindly placed their collections at Mr. Williams' disposal for this purpose.

We regret the loss of some of our members through death during the period under review. The Rev. E. V. Cooper, of Leone, Samoa, died in October, 1902, and Christopher Harris, of Auckland, also during this last year. Seven members have resigned, and ten have been struck off the list for non-payment of their subscriptions. On the other hand, seven new members have been elected, which leaves the roll as follows on the 1st January, 1904:—

Honorary Members 7
Corresponding Members 17
Life Members 7
Ordinary Members 164
Total 195

This shows a falling-off of ten members, due principally to those whose names have been struck off the list. But naturally the number varies from year to year.

Our financial position is fairly good, as will be seen from the Treasurer's accounts herewith, but the arrears are more than they should be—20 members owing for one year, four members for two years. Our total receipts, including balance brought forward from last year, were £212 19s. 3d.; expenditure, £185 14s., leaving a balance forward to next year of £27 5s. 3d. The capital account now stands at £84 0s. 3d., to which has to be added one life membership received late in the year.

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