Volume 30 1921 > Volume 30, No. 117 > [Front matter] p i-xii
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VOL. XXX. 1921.
New Plymouth, N.Z.: PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY THOMAS AVERY, DEVON STREET. 1921. Reprinted with the permission of The Polynesian Society JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. Berkeley Square House, London, W.1
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First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation

Printed in the United States of America

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    No. 117—MARCH, 1921.
  • Annual Meeting of the Society i
  • Annual Report of the Council i
  • Balance Sheet iv
  • Members of the Society v
  • List of Exchanges xi
  • Publications received xii
  • History and Traditions of Rarotonga. By Te Ariki-tara-are 1
  • Mana. Described by Mr. Tikao (Ngai-Tahu) to H. Beattie 16
  • The Polynesians in Indonesia. By S. Percy Smith 19
  • Polynesian Linguistics. By Sidney H. Ray, M.A., F.R.A.I. 28
  • Marquesan Legends 35
  • The Visit of Pou to Hawaiki to procure the Kumara 40
  • Notes and Queries—On Taepo or Taipo 48
  • The Polynesian word Tofua, Volcano 49
  • Axe head with hole in it 49
  • Hongi's Armour 49
  • The use of the Surf Board in New Zealand 50
  • Proceedings 51
    No. 118.—JUNE, 1921.
  • History and Traditions of Rarotonga. By Te Ariki-tara-are 53
  • Culture Areas in New Zealand. By H. D. Skinner, B.A. 71
  • “A New Theory of Polynesian Origins. By Roland B. Dixon, PH. D. A Review 79
  • The Kaitaia Carving 91
  • The Patu-Paiarehe. By James Cowan 96
  • Polynesian Linguistics. By Sidney H. Ray, M.A., F.R.A.I. 103
  • Clairvoyance among the Polynesians 119
  • Maori Visitors to Norfolk Island, 1793. By G. T. Black 121
  • Obituary—Hon. Te Heuheu Tukino, M.L.C. 124
  • William Litchfield Newman 124
  • Notes and Queries—Transactions of the Fijian Society 126
  • Sculptures on Stone, New Caledonia 126
  • Egyptian and Polynesian Customs 127
  • Proceedings 128
    No. 119.—SEPTEMBER, 1921.
  • History and Traditions of Rarotonga. By Te Ariki-tara-are 129
  • The Patu-Paiarehe. By James Cowan 142
  • Notes on Tongan Religion. By E. E. V. Collocott 152
  • A Legend of Te Tatua Pa—Three Kings, Auckland Isthmus. By George Graham 164
  • The Evils of Makutu, or Witchcraft. By S. Percy Smith 172
  • Ancient Drains Kaitaia Swamp. By D. M. Wilson 185
  • Marquesan Legends 189
  • Proceedings 199
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    No. 120.—DECEMBER, 1921.
  • History and Traditions of Rarotonga. By Te Ariki-tara-are 201
  • Notes on Tongan Religion. By E. E. V. Collocott 227
  • Maori Tattooing Survivals. By James Cowan 241
  • The Awanui (Kaitaia Carving) Lintel. By F. Waite and H. D. Skinner 246
  • “Te Tuhi-a-Manawatere.” By Geo. Graham 252
  • Kava Drinking in South America. By Geo. Graham 254
  • Arawa Notes. By George Graham 256
  • The Origin of the Stars—Maori Myth 259
  • Notes and Queries—Excavations near Aotea Harbour 262
  • Maori Population of New Zealand 262
  • The Manahune People 262
  • The Bayard Dominic Expedition 263
  • Ethnology and Archæology 263
  • Hawaiian Physical Anthropology and Psychology 263
  • Proceedings 264
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VOL. XXX.—1921.

THE MEETING took place on the 28th January, 1921, at the Society's Library, Hempton Room, a number of the members being present; the President in the chair.

The minutes of last annual meeting were read and confirmed, after which the Annual Report and Accounts were read and passed, for which see below.

According to the rules of the Society, the President, Mr. S. Percy Smith retired, but was re-elected for the ensuing year. A ballot, in accordance with the rules, having been taken as to which two members of the Council should retire, the lot fell on Messrs. Fraser and Bullard. Mr. Fraser was re-elected, and Mr. R. H. Rockel, M.A., in place of Mr. Bullard who is leaving the district.

Mr. W. D. Webster was re-elected Auditor and thanked for his continued offices in that behalf; and Mr. W. H. Skinner was also thanked for preparing the Index to Vol. XXIX. of the “Journal.”

Mr. Donald Monro Wilson, Dist. Surveyor, Kaitaia, North Auckland, was elected a member of the Society.

A discussion took place as to the advisability of printing some of the documents the Society possesses by increasing the size of the “Journal,” and it was decided to do so if some promised help is forthcoming. Also further attempts are to be made to reproduce some of the earlier numbers of the “Journal” now out of print for which there is a constant demand.


FOR the twenty-eighth time the Council of the Society has pleasure in presenting to the Annual Meeting its yearly report.

While numerous great and serious questions have disturbed the equanimity of the world, our little Society has pursued the even tenour of its way in endeavouring to fulfil the objects for which it was founded in January, 1892. That object, as we all know, is the preservation of all that can be ascertained of the ancient history, traditions, manners and customs, and languages of the Polynesian race, one of the most interesting and most ancient of all the—what may be termed—barbarous peoples of the earth. We may certainly look back with some amount of pride on the work accomplished during the past twenty-nine years as represented by the twenty-nine volumes of our quarterly “Journal,” in which are recorded - ii for future students a large amount of original matter that but for our efforts would have been lost to the world for ever. The founders of the Society were actuated largely by the idea that we—the white branch of the Caucasian race—owed a debt to the other—the brown branch of the same race—to ensure that so far as possible a record of the latter branch should be preserved for the future. And so far as the means at our disposal have allowed we believe we have to a certain extent been successful. The full appreciation of what has been done, remains for later generations; and the time will come when a genius will arise who will, largely through our efforts, complete the solution of the question of the origin of the Polynesian race more completely than we, who are involved in a sea of detail, can attempt at present. The record of the white race in the south seas is but brief: at most some two centuries; and that has been not always to our credit in dealings with our brown brethren. We therefore have to look to the latter people to furnish us with the most important branch of knowledge which leads directly up to the love of country on which patriotism is based. It is the noble history of that little island at the antipodes of our Pacific homes that induces its patriotism. While we share in that glorious past of our own race, it is our duty to add to it another chapter by inducing the love of our southern homes which can only arise through a knowledge of its history, by the association of its local tradition with every spot, every mountain, river and plain. This feeling will arise more and more as time goes on; and we are very glad to notice that the younger generation of the present day, is showing more and more interest in the association of the traditions of the people we are largely supplanting, with the localities in which they live.

During the year past, our “Journal” has appeared regularly, and contains some 247 pages—about its average size. Did our finances permit, the “Journal” could be enlarged, for hitherto there has been no lack of original matter coming forward. Some of the matter in the “Journal,” no doubt, fails to interest certain of our members, but it is all important in view of our objects, and will yet find its use. The demand for back numbers of the “Journal” continues unabated, but unfortunately we have arrived at that stage when such demand cannot be satisfied owing to several of the earlier volumes being out of print.

Our library continues to grow: largely due to the liberality of those Societies, etc., with which we exchange, and especially is this the case with American Institutions. Another very liberal institution with which we exchange is the Batavian Society of Arts, from which we received constant and valuable exchanges, unfortunately for most of us expressed in the Dutch languages. Our exchanges are by no means confined to Ethnology, for most of the sciences are represented in our library. The library in the Hempton Room is open to the public on two afternoons in the week, and at a rough estimate we received about 300 visitors this last year, many of whom are school boys looking up some subjects in which they are interested. On some subjects our library is probably as good as any in the Dominion; and we should gladly welcome more visitors. The thanks of the Society are due to those officers who attend at the library, and for the duties carried on in connection with the working of the Society. The correspondence alone is no light matter.

The Council regrets to report the death of four of our members: Mr. Wm. Churchill, one of the leading Philologists of Polynesian; Mr. T. W. Fisher, late Under Secretary, Native Dept.; Mr. Kenneth Wilson, of Palmerston North, and Mr. W. J. Birch, an original member of the Society, of whom there are now only eighteen members left on the roll. Two members have retired, and the - iii Council elected nineteen new members. Our membership stood, as at 31st December, 1920, as follows:—

Patrons 2
Honorary Members 11
Corresponding Members 12
Ordinary Members 191
Total 216

The above figures show an increase of twelve members; but against this probably some six members will have to be struck off the roll for non-payment of their subscriptions.

Reference was made last year to the expedition undertaken under the auspices of the Pauahi Bishop Museum of Honolulu, to study various aspects of natural history and ethnology in the Pacific. Some of the officers engaged in the work are already afield, and hopes are entertained that their efforts will result in much useful information. One officer is visiting the Austral Group lying to the S.E. of Rarotonga and which includes in it Rapa Island, from whence, if not too late, important information, especially as to the peopling of Easter Island ought to be obtained. In passing, we may call attention to the important work published during the year on Easter Island by Mrs. Routledge Scoresby who spent thirteen months on that island, and has described the results of her investigations in a large fully illustrated volume of some 400 pages. For want of knowledge of the language and what to ask the people, the authoress has not finally solved the mystery of this island, though otherwise she has largely added to our knowledge of the people and the sculptures located there.

In financial matters we end the year satisfactorily, as will be seen from the statement of our Treasurer, Mr. W. L. Newman, to whom the Council extends on behalf of the Society its deep sympathy in his late illness. It will be observed that we end the year with a credit balance of £50 10s. 9d. in the general account, and £181 0s. 3d. in the capital account.

Owing to the additional cost of postage the Council decided some months ago to increase the member's subscription from £1 to £1 1s. 0d.

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VOL. XXX.—1921.

The sign * before a name indicates an original member or founder.

As this list will be published annually, the Secretaries would be obliged if members will supply any omission, or notify change of address.

  • The Right Hon. Baron Islington, K.C.M.G, D.S.O., ex-Governor of New Zealand, Government Office, Downing Street, London
  • His Excellency The Right Hon. The Earl of Liverpool, M.V.O., G.C.M.G., late Governor-General of New Zealand, Downing Street, London.
  • Rev. R. H. Codrington, D.D., Chichester, England
  • Rev. Prof. A. H. Sayce, M.A., Queen's College, Oxford, England
  • Right Hon. Sir J. G. Ward, Bart, K.C.M.G., P.C., LL.D., Wellington
  • *H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A., SS, Victoria Avenue, Remuera, Auckland
  • Prof. Sir W. Baldwin Spencer, M.A., C.M.G., F.R.S., The University, Melbourne
  • *Edward Tregear, I.S.O., Wellington
  • Dr. A. C. Haddon, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., 3, Cranmer Road, Cambridge, England
  • Sir J. G. Fraser, D.C.L., LL.D., Litt. D., Brick Court, Middle Temple, London, E.C.
  • *Elsdon Best, F.N.Z. Inst., Dominion Museum, Wellington
  • Chas. M. Woodford, C.M.G., The Grinstead, Partridge Green, Sussex, England
  • S. H. Ray, M.A., F.R.A.I., 218, Balfour Road, Ilford, Essex, England
  • Rev. T. G. Hammond, Putaruru, Auckland
  • *Major J. T. Large, Masonic Institute, H. M. Arcade, Auckland
  • Hare Hongi, 3, Stirling Street, Wellington
  • Major H. P. Tunui-a-rangi, Carterton
  • H. T. Whatahoro, Mangapeehi, King Country, Auckland
  • F. W. Christian, Mangaia Island, via Rarotonga
  • The Rev. C. E. Fox, San Cristoval; via Ugi, Solomon Islands
  • H. D. Skinner, B.A., D.C.M., Hocken Library, Dunedin
  • M. G. Julien, Governeur des Colonies, 116, Rue Lecourbe, Paris XV.
  • Thos. G. Thrum, Fort Street, Honolulu, H. I.
  • S. Savage, Rarotonga Island
  • Herries Beattie, Carnegie Library, New Plymouth
  • Rev. R. T. Kohere, Araroa, via Gisborne
  • Rev. P. Tamahori, Tuparoa, via Gisborne
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  • 1894 Aldred, W. A., 12, Ellerton Road, Mt. Eden, Auckland
  • 1899 Atkinson. W. E., Whanganui
  • 1916 Avery, Thomas, New Plymouth
  • 1918 Adalbert College, Western Reserve University, Cleveland Ohio, U.S.A.
  • 1918 Australian Museum, Sydney
  • 1894 Bamford, E., Arney Road, Auckland
  • 1896 British and Foreign Bible Society, 146, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C.
  • 1898 Buchanan, Sir W. C., Tupurupuru, Masterton
  • 1902 Boston City Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
  • 1903 Brown, Prof. J. MacMillan, M.A., LL.D., Holmbank, Cashmere Hills, Christchurch
  • 1907 Buick, T. Lindsay, F. R. Hist. S., Press Association, Wellington
  • 1909 Bullard, G. H., Chief Surveyor, New Plymouth
  • 1910 Burnet, J. H., Virginian Homestead, St. John's Hill, Whanganui
  • 1910 Burgess, C. H., New Plymouth
  • 1911 Bird, W. W., Inspector Native Schools, Napier
  • 1913 Buddle, R., H.M.S. “Northampton,” c/o General Post Office, London
  • 1914 Brooking, W. F., Powderham Street, New Plymouth
  • 1916 Bottrell, C. G., High School, New Plymouth
  • 1918 Beyers, H Otley, Professor Department of Anthropology, University of the Philippines, Manilla
  • 1919 Budge, A. W., Stratford
  • 1919 Baillie, J., New Plymouth
  • 1920 Black, G. J., Gisborne
  • 1920 Burrows, H. G. A. D., M. A. Society, 26 Rooding Street, N. Brighton, Melbourne
  • 1920 Bates, D. C., Brooklyn, Wellington
  • 1920 Balneavis, H. R. N., Secretary, Hon. Native Minister
  • 1921 Buck, Dr., P. H., District Health Office, Auckland
  • 1892 *Chapman, The Hon. F. R., Wellington
  • 1892 Chambers, W. K., Fujiya, Mount Smart, Penrose, Auckland
  • 1893 Carter, H. C., 475, West 143rd Street, N.Y.
  • 1894 Chapman, M., Wellington
  • 1896 Cooper, The Hon. Theo., Supreme Court, Auckland
  • 1903 Chatterton, Rev. F. W., The Vicarage, Rotorua
  • 1903 Cole, Ven. Archdeacon R. H., D.C.L., Parnell, Auckland
  • 1908 Conghlan, W. N., Omaio, Opotiki
  • 1908 Carnegie Public Library, Dunedin
  • 1908 Carnegie Public Library, New Plymouth
  • 1910 Cock, R., New Plymouth
  • 1917 Cowley, Matt., P.O. Box 72, Auckland
  • 1918 Chambers, Bernard, Te Mata, Havelock North
  • 1918 Corney, Geo., Devon Street, New Plymouth
  • 1918 Crooke, Alfred, Marton
  • 1919 Curtis, G. N., Stratford
  • 1919 Corlett, J., Taumarunui
  • 1919 Cooper, William, Gisborne
  • 1919 Carnegie Public Library, Onehunga
  • 1920 Cowan, Jas., F.R.G.S., c/o Dept. Internal Affairs, Wellington
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  • 1902 Dulau & Co., 34, 36, Margaret Street, Cavendish Square, London. W.
  • 1903 Dixon, Roland B., Ph.D., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
  • 1910 Downes, T. W., P.O. Box 119, Whanganui
  • 1917 Dominion Museum, Wellington
  • 1918 Davidson, J. C., “Ratanui,” Carrington Road, New Plymouth
  • 1920 Davis, F. T., c/o Roy and Nicholson, New Plymouth
  • 1892 *Emerson, J. S., 1501, Emerson Street Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • 1894 Ewen, C. A., Commercial Union Insurance Co., Wellington
  • 1920 Emslie. Mrs. Ann, Hillside, Waverley
  • 1896 Fletcher, Rev. H. J., Taupo
  • 1900 Forbes, E. J., 5, Hamilton Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • 1902 Fraser, M., New Plymouth
  • 1903 Fowlds, Hon. G. Auckland
  • 1906 Field Museum of Natural History, The Chicago, U.S.A.
  • 1912 Fisher, F. Owen, c/o Credit Lyonaise, Biarritz, B.P., France
  • 1913 Fildes, H., Chief Sort Office, Chief Post Office, Wellington
  • 1920 Fitzherbert, P. B., New Plymouth
  • 1921 Firth, R. W., Wymondsley Road, Otahuhu, Auckland
  • 1902 Gill, W. H., Marunouchi, Tokïo, Japan
  • 1902 Graham, Geo., 25, Grafton Road, Auckland
  • 1910 Goding, Fred W., Dept. of State, c/o Consular Bureau, Washington, U.S.A.
  • 1919 Good, H. M., Stratford
  • 1919 Grace, P. Alfred, Tokaanu, Taupo
  • 1920 Goller, John, Inglewood
  • 1920 Gensick, F., 43, Albany Street, Dunedin
  • 1898 Hastie, Miss J. A., c/o Street and Co., 30, Cornhill, London
  • 1908 Hallen, Dr. A. H., The Hospital, Mercury Bay, Auckland
  • 1909 Holdsworth, John, Swarthmoor, Havelock, Hawkes Bay
  • 1910 Hawkes Bay Philosophical Institute, P.O. Box 166, Napier
  • 1910 Hocken, Mrs. T. M., Hocken Library, Dunedin
  • 1910 Home, Dr. George, New Plymouth
  • 1918 Hodgson, N. V., c/o Norman Potts, Opotiki
  • 1918 Harvie, Rev. G. F., The Vicarage, Vivian Street, New Plymouth
  • 1918 Hart, Henry H., 3363 Washington Street, San Francisco
  • 1919 Hughes, R. Clinton, New Plymouth
  • 1921 Harper, G. Otaki
  • 1921 Hamilton, Harold, Dominion Museum, Wellington
  • 1921 Huggins, H. A., Taurima, 55, Hamilton Road, Kilbirnie, Wellington
  • 1907 Institute, The Auckland, Museum, Auckland
  • 1907 Institute, The Otago, Dunedin
  • 1892 *Johnson, H. Dunbar, Judge N.L.C., 151, Newton Road, Auckland
  • 1918 Johnston, E. G;, Hill Road, Richmond, Nelson
  • 1902 Kelly, Thomas, New Plymouth
  • 1910 King, Newton, Brooklands, New Plymouth
  • 1919 Kronfeld, G. T., P.O. Box 405, Auckland
  • 1920 Kirtley, John, c/o T. H. Martyn & Co., 117, Pitt Street, Sydney
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  • 1894 Lambert, H. A. Belmont, Tayford, Whanganui
  • 1911 Lysnar, W. D., Gisborne
  • 1913 List, T. C., New Plymouth
  • 1916 Leatham, H. B., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Lond., New Plymouth
  • 1917 Ledingham, T. J., “Montecute,” St. Kilda, Melbourne
  • 1917 List, C. S., Rata Street, Inglewood
  • 1918 Laughton, Rev. J. G., Ruatahuna, via Rotorua
  • 1919 Lightband, C. D., New Plymouth
  • 1920 Leith, F. E., Rangiputa. via Kaimaumau, Auckland
  • 1892 *Marshall, W. S., Maungaraupi, Rata
  • 1892 *Major, C. E., 22, Empire Buildings, Swanson Street, Auckland
  • 1897 Marshall, J. W., Tututotara, Marton
  • 1897 Marshall, H. H., Motu-kowhai, Marton
  • 1907 Minister for Internal Affairs, The Hon., Wellington
  • 1912 Marsden, J. W., Isel, Stoke, Nelson
  • 1916 Mitchell, Library, The, Sydney
  • 1917 Marshall, P., M.A., D.Sc., F.G.S., F.N.Z. Inst., Collegiate School, Whanganui
  • 1918 McDonnell, A. F., 355, Queen Street, Auckland
  • 1918 Morris. G. N., Resident Commissioner, Niue Island
  • 1918 Missionary Research Library, 25, Maddison Avenue, New York
  • 1919 McKay, Wm., F.R.C.S.E., 45, Guiness Street, Greymouth
  • 1919 McKay, James, P.O. Box 55, Greymouth
  • 1920 McEachen, Miss, M.A., 102, Nile Street East, Nelson
  • 1920 McVeagh, James, 85, Queen Street, Auckland
  • 1895 Ngata, A. T., M.A., M.P., Parliamentary Buildings, Wellington
  • 1900 Newman, W. L., New Plymouth
  • 1902 New York Public Library, Astor Buildings, 42nd Street, New York
  • 1906 Newman, Dr. A. K., P.O. Box 1476, Wellington
  • 1919 Nairn, Mrs. Edith, Oteka, Havelock N.
  • 1919 Nairn, Miss Olive, Oteka, Havelock N.
  • 1919 Ormsby. R., P.O. Box 99, Te Kuiti
  • 1894 Partington, J. Edge, F.R.G.S., Wyngates, Burke's Road, Beaconsfield, England
  • 1907 Public Library, Auckland
  • 1907 Public Library, Wellington
  • 1907 Public Library, Bent Street, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • 1907 Philosophical Institute, The, Christchurch
  • 1913 Potts, Norman, Opotiki
  • 1914 Parliamentary Library (The Commonwealth), Melbourne
  • 1917 Platts, F. W., Resident Commissioner, Rarotonga Island
  • 1919 Public Library, Invercargill
  • 1920 Pomare, Hon. M., Minister in Charge, Cook Islands, Wellington
  • 1892 *Roy, R. B., Taita, Wellington
  • 1908 Roy, J. B., New Plymouth
  • 1918 Rylands, John, Library Deansgate, Manchester University, England
  • 1918 Rockel, R. H., M.A., Gover Street, New Plymouth
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  • 1920 Roy, Ian, Victoria College, Wellington
  • 1920 Rowe, W., Devon Street East, New Plymouth
  • 1920 Rowden, F. J., 24, York Street, Parnell, Auckland
  • 1921 Repa, Dr. Tutere W., Araroa, via Gisborne
  • 1892 *Smith, W. W., F.E.S.. John Street, New Plymouth
  • 1892 *Smith, F. S., Blenheim
  • 1892 *Smith, M. C., Survey Department, Wellington
  • 1892 *Smith, S. Percy, F.R.G.S., F.N Z. Inst., New Plymouth
  • 1892 *Stout, Hon. Sir R., K.C.M.G., Chief Justice, Wellington
  • 1892 *Skinner, W. H., York Terrace, New Plymouth
  • 1896 Smith, Hon. W. O., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • 1904 Smith, H. Guthrie, Tutira, via Napier
  • 1904 Samuel, The Hon. Oliver, K.C., M.L.C., New Plymouth
  • 1907 Secretary, The Postal Dept., Wellington
  • 1915 Smith, Alex., Railway Department, Masterton
  • 1916 Shalfoon, G. Opotiki
  • 1919 Snowball, Alf., 24, Albany Street, Christchurch
  • 1920 Shaw, Stanley W., New Plymouth
  • 1920 Shaw, John, The University, Melbourne
  • 1921 Simcox, Dr. J. E. S., Plimmerton, Wellington
  • 1913 Tribe, F. C., Vogeltown, New Plymouth
  • 1915 Thomson, Dr. Allan, M.A., D.Sc., F.G.S., A.O.S.M., F.N.Z.Inst., Museum, Wellington
  • 1918 Trimble, Harold, Inglewood
  • 1919 Turnbull Library, The Bowen Street, Wellington
  • 1919 Thompson, Dr. W. M., M.A., M.B., B.C.L., Hawera
  • 1911 Vibaud, Rev. J. M., Whanganui
  • 1919 Vaile, Hubert E., Queen Street, Auckland
  • 1892 *Williams, Archdeacon H. W., Gisborne
  • 1894 Wilson, A., Hangatiki, Auckland
  • 1896 Williams, F. W., Te Rawhiti, Hukarere Road, Napier
  • 1896 Wilcox, Hon. G. A., Kauai, Hawaiian Islands
  • 1898 Whitney, James L., Public Library, Dartmouth, Boston, U.S.A.
  • 1902 Webster, W. D., New Plymouth
  • 1903 Walker, Ernest A., M.D., New Plymouth
  • 1910 Wilson, Sir J. G., Bulls
  • 1912 Westervelt, Rev. W. D. Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • 1914 Waller, Captain W., Moturoa, New Plymouth
  • 1915 Wilson, Thos., Captain, New Plymouth
  • 1915 Williams, H. B., Turihaua, Gisborne
  • 1916 Welsh, R. D., Hawera
  • 1916 White, Percy J. H., New Plymouth
  • 1917 Wheeler, W. J., Inspecting Surveyor, Gisborne
  • 1917 Wilkinson, C. A., Eltham
  • 1918 Wallace, D. B., 28, Prospect Terrace, Mt. Eden, Auckland
  • 1918 Western, T. H. Puketapu, Bell Block, New Plymouth
  • 1920 Williamson, R. W., M.Sc., The Copse, Brook, Godalming Surrey, England
  • 1920 Watkins, A. E., Egmont Street, New Plymouth
  • 1920 Ward, R. H., Taupo
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  • 1920 Wilson, H. F., P.O. Box 1179, Honolulu
  • 1920 Williams, W. J., Town Hall, Dunedin
  • 1920 Williams, K.S., M.P., Matahiia, Tokomaru Bay, Gisborne
  • 1921 Wilson, D.M., Dist. Surveyor, Kaitaia, N. Auckland
  • 1892 *Young, J. L., c/o Henderson and Macfarlane, Auckland
    PRESIDENTS—Past and Present:
  • 1892-1894—H. G. Seth-Smith, M.A.
  • 1895-1896—Right Rev. W. L. Williams, M.A., D.D.
  • 1896-1898—The Rev. W. T. Habens, B.A.
  • 1899-1900—J. H. Pope
  • 1901-1903—E. Tregear. I.S.O., etc.
  • 1904-1921—S. Percy Smith, F.R.G.S.
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THE following is the List of Societies, etc., etc., to which the JOURNAL is sent, and from most of which we receive exchanges:—

  • Anthropologie, Société d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris
  • Anthropologie, Societa, Museo Nazionale di Anthropologia, Via Gino Capponi, Florence, Italy
  • Anthropologie, Ecole d', 15 Rue Ecole de Medicin, Paris
  • Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 5, Elizabeth Street, Sydney
  • American Oriental Society, 245, Bishop Street, Newhaven, Conn., U.S.A.
  • American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
  • Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1, Park Street, Calcutta
  • Anthropological Department, University of The Philippines, Manilla
  • American Museum of Natural History, 77th Street and Central Park, W., New York, U.S.A.
  • Bataviaasch Genootschap, Batavia, Java
  • Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington
  • Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, H. I.
  • Dominion Museum, Wellington
  • Fijian Society, The, Suva, Fiji Islands
  • General Assembly Library, Wellington (two copies)
  • Géographic, Société de, de Paris, Boulevard St. Germain, 184, Paris
  • Geographical Society, The American, Broadway, at 156th Street, New York
  • High Commissioner of New Zealand, 45, Strand, London
  • Historical Society, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
  • Institute, The New Zealand, Wellington
  • Kongl, Vitterhets Historic, och Antiqvitets, Akademen, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Koninklijk Instituut, 14, Van Galenstratt, The Hague, Holland
  • Library, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
  • Museu Paulista, Coina, g., San Pedro, Brazil
  • Na Mata, Editor, Suva, Fiji
  • National Museum of Natural History, Washington, U. S. America
  • Peabody Museum of Archæology, Harvard University, Cambridge, U.S.A.
  • Philippines, Bureau of Science Library, Manilla
  • Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland
  • Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Brisbane
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  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, c/o G. Collingridge, Waronga, N.S.W.
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, 70, Queen Street, Melbourne
  • Royal Society, Burlington House, London
  • Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain, The, 50, Great Russell Street, London, W.C.
  • Royal Society of New South Wales, 5, Elizabeth Street, Sydney
  • Royal Colonial Institute, The, Northumberland Avenue, London
  • Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Adelaide
  • Smithsonian Institution, Washington
  • Société Neuchateloise de Geographie, Switzerland
  • Société d'Etudes Oceanienne, Tahiti Island
  • Tokyo Imperial University, Tokyo, Japan
  • University of California, Library Exchange Department, Berkeley, California
  • University Museum, 33d and Spence Streets, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
  • United States National Museum, Washington, U.S.A.
  • University of Chicago Library, Chicago, U.S.A.

PUBLICATIONS have been received during the year 1920 by way of exchange, gift or purchase as follows:—

Volumes, or new serial numbers, by Exchange 363
Volumes, or new serial numbers, by Gift 59
Volumes, or new serial numbers, by Purchase 12

The list of exchanges is as follows:—

American Geographical Society; American Oriental Society; American Philological Society; Asiatic Society of Bengal; Australasian Museum; Anthropologie, L'Ecole de; Anthropoligia, Societa d'Italiana; Antiqvites Akademen, Sweden; Anthropologish Gesselschaft, Vienna; Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu; Bataviaasch Genootschap, Java; Bureau of American Ethnology; Church of England Grammar School, Melbourne; Forest Dept., Wellington; Hawaiian Historical Society, Honolulu; Koninklijk Instituut, Holland; Na Mata, Fiji; Museu Paulista, Brazil; Melbourne Public Library; New Zealand Institute; Philippine Journal of Science; National Museum of Natural History, Washington; Public Library, Sydney; John Ryland's Library, Manchester; Royal Geographical Society, London; Royal Colonial Institute, London; Royal Anthropological Institute, London; Smithsonian Institution, Washington; Société d'Anthropologia de Paris; Société Neuchatalaise de Geographie, Switzerland; University of Chicago; University of Minnesota; University of Pennsylvania; University of California; Tokyo Imperial University: United States National Museum, Washington; Queensland Museum.

Gifts received from:—

Hon the Minister of Internal Affairs, Wellington; W. F. Wilson, Honolulu; G. Graham, Auckland; H. Glanvill Corney, London; H.B. Philosopical Society, Napier; F. E. Leath, Auckland; S. Percy Smith, New Plymouth; W. L Newman, New Plymouth; W. W. Smith, New Plymouth: P. J. H. White, New Plymouth; Mrs. Whetter, New Plymouth; Charles Janet, Paris.